To understand the principles of relationship between human and environment, life conditions and life style. Factors for prevention and promotion of health. Prevention: types, different significance for health prevention and promotion. The most important non-communicable diseases: epidemiology, ethiology, prevention.
MAN AND ENVIRONMENT: Physical, biological, chemical and social factors in macro- and microenvironment. Their interactions. Ways of adaptation and compensation for keeping the homeostasis. "health" and "disease", their determinants.
PREVENTION: primary and secundary prevention, tasks and aims. The most important world and Czech primery prevention programmes.
NOISE: sources, impact on health, possibilities for control.
LIGHT AND ILLUMINATION: physiologiy of seeing, optimal working conditions. The physiologic sense of colours.
RADIATION: different types, their sources and impact on human health. Possibilities of control.
COMPLEX OF MICROCLIMATE: external and internal conditions. Ways of termotegulation. Work places wit extreme microclimate, rules for drinking schedule. Long-term and short-term thermal load.
BIOLOGICAL RHYTMS: circadian and other types, their influence on the performances. Shift work as a risk for health. Active and passive rest. Hygiene of sleeping.
AIR AND HEALTH: the most common contaminants of ambient air, their sources and human exposure. Smog. Health consequences of the exposure to poluted air.
BASIC TOXICOLOGY: ways of exposure, intake, uptake; metabolism of xenobiotics, genetic polymorphism in the microsomal enzymes; excretion. Health insure caused by chemical exposure, carcinogenesis. Similarities and differences between children and adults in toxicology.
HOUSING AND HEALTH: the most common risk factors at homes, health consequences of exposure (housing-related diseases, sick building syndrome, multiple chemical sensitivity). Ventilation, types and sense.
WATER AND HEALTH: the hygienic limits for drinking water, indicators of sewage contaminants. Trace elements in drinking water. Diseases related to water polution. The principles for safety source of water.
NUTRITION AND HEALTH: diseases related to malnutrition and food contaminants. The role of nutrition in health promotion. Dietary quidelines. The ways for measurement of nutritional habits.
WASTE AND HEALTH: the types of waste products, their sources. Hygienic rules for safe destruction of waste products.
NATURAL AND MAN-MADE CHEMICALS IN ENVIRONMENT: their types, point and areal sources. Enviroment in the Czech Republic. Principles of the monitoring of environmental polutants. "Natural pesticides".
SMOKING AND HEALTH: Smoking as the most important single preventable risk factor of premature morbidity and mortality. Dependence on smoking as a psychiatric disease. Involuntary smoking and health consequences of exposure.
WORKING AND HEALTH: risk occupational factors and related diseases. The rules for safety of occupational environment and health protection of workers.
STRESS AND HEALTH: physiologic response on stress situations. Stress- related diseases. Rules for the prevention of stress.