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Fields of study the course is directly associated with
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This is a two-semester course designed to give students a grounding in the theoretical bases underlying the study of literature and culture. The first semester takes a diachronic approach, looking at the main critical schools and texts in the history of literary criticism and focusing on developments in literary and cultural theory in the twentieth century. The second semester employs a synchronic technique to examine the range of current theoretical approaches to the study of culture. In both semesters the stress is on the application of theory, with students being required to examine particular texts (of all kinds, including visual and film texts) in the light of the theoretical approaches under consideration.
Topics covered in this semester are the following:
Oral and Written Literature; Oral and Technological Cultures
18th and 19th century British literary criticism
Concepts of Art, Literature and the Idea of Authorship; The Shifting Author
Rationalist and Cartesian Philosophy, Text, and Ideology
German Aesthetic Philosophy: from Kant to Nietzsche
Critical theory, the Frankfurt School, British and French cultural studies
Cultural evolution, anthropological notions of culture
The beginnings of structuralism: Linguistics, sociology, anthropology
Psychoanalytic Theory I: Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalytic Theory II: Jacques Lacan and Carl Jung
Russian Formalism and Early Structuralism: Shklovsky, Jakobson, Bakhtin, Prague School, structuralism, theatre semiotics
Semiotics: Peirce, de Saussure
MERLEAU-PONTY, Maurice, Claude LÉVI-STRAUSS and Roland BARTHES. Chvála moudrosti. Translated by Oldřich Kuba. Bratislava: Archa, 1994. 99 s. ISBN 80-7115-077-0. info
ONG, Walter J. Orality and literacy :the technologizing of the word. London: Routledge, 1991. x, 201 p. ISBN 0-416-71370-X. info
STRIEDTER, Jurij. Literary structure, evolution, and value :russian formalism and czech structuralism reconsidered. Translated by Matthew Gurewitsch. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989. 317 s. ISBN 0-674-53653-3. info
HAWKES, Terence. Structuralism & semiotics. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1977. 192 s. ISBN 0-520-03422-8. info
Structuralism :an introduction. Edited by David Robey. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973. 153 p. ISBN 0-19-874017-4. info
BARTHES, Roland. A Barthes reader. Edited by Susan Sontag. New York: Hill and Wang, 1982. xxxviii, 4. ISBN 0-8090-2815-8. info
SUS, Oleg. From the pre-history of Czech structuralism : F.X. Šalda, T.G. Masaryk, and the genesis of symbolist aesthetics and poetics in Bohemia. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1982. S. ,. info
Roman Jakobson's approach to language :phenomenological structuralism. Edited by Elmar Holenstein, Translated by Catherine Schelbert - Tarcisius Schelb. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1976. viii, 215. ISBN 0-253-35018-2. info
FOKKEMA, Douwe Wessel and Elrud KUNNE-IBSCH. Theories of literature in the twentieth century :structuralism, Marxism, aesthetics of reception, semiotics. London: C. Hurst & Company, 1977. xii, 219 s. ISBN 0-905838-09-2. info
BARTHES, Roland. S/Z :[an essay]. Translated by Richard Miller. 1st American ed. New York: Hill and Wang, 1974. xi, 271 s. ISBN 0-374-52167-0. info
Lecture series, with individual lectures given by different speakers. The student is required to submit 6 comment papers on any of the topics in discussion.
The assessment is based on an oral exam (two questions by random two lecturers).