The course is devoted to the extension of knowledge about plant ecology and community ecology with specialisation on aquatic and wetland plants and vegetation. In the introductive lectures, the specificity of wetland habitats in comparison to terrestrial habitats is explained, from adaptations of various plant groups to general principles of the community pattern respectively. On particular examples the most important types of aquatic and wetland vegetation and their complexes are demonstrated. To compare adaptations, species diversity in various wetland types and taxonomic groups occurring mainly in wetlands in the vegetable and animal kingdom, in some parts of the lecture also selected groups of aquatic and wetland animals from invertebrates to mammals are mentioned. Special attention is paid to the interactions between aquatic and wetland plants and animals, the influence of a man on the wetlands and to the possibilities of wetland habitat protection. During the course, the student should obtain a comprehensive view about the biodiversity of Central-European wetlands, their influencing factors and about the importance of the wetlands in the landscape and for a man. On the basis of abiotic and management data, the student will be able to predict actual species composition of selected wetland and future vegetation succession. Acquired knowledge and skills facilitate the students their research in framework of bachelor and diploma thesis with wetland specialisation and enable them also the evaluation of wetland localities for institutions of nature protection.
1) What are the wetlands? (definitions, examples, basic features of aquatic and wetland environment).
2) Plant and animal adaptations to the life in aquatic and wetland environment (anatomy, morphology, physiology).
3) Taxonomic groups of organisms occurring mainly in wetlands (in the Central Europe and the world).
4) Life strategies and life forms in aquatic and wetland plants (various classification schemes, examples, occurrence in different types of aquatic and wetland vegetation).
5) Dispersal of aquatic and wetland plants (main types, differences compared to terrestrial plants).
6) Types of aquatic habitats in Central Europe and their plant component (running and stagnant water, natural and man-made wetlands, permanent and temporary wetlands, classification according to trophy levels).
7) Vegetation succession in wetlands (silting of water bodies, succession on exposed pond bottoms).
8) Zonality of aquatic and wetland vegetation and its influencing factors (on different levels – within single water body or watercourse, altitudinal levels in the Czech Republic, zonality of the earth).
9) Aquatic plants and animals – interactions (plants as a housing, place of reproduction, and food for animals; animals as co-producers of the plant’s environment and plant dispersal vectors).
10) Anthropogenic impact on the distribution of aquatic and wetland vegetation (tradition of fish-farming, drying out of wetlands, water pollution, cultivation and use of aquatic and wetland plants).
HEJNÝ, Slavomil. Rostliny vod a pobřeží. Praha: East West Publishing Company, 2000. 118 s. ISBN 80-7219-000-8. info
CHYTRÝ, Milan, Tomáš KUČERA and Martin KOČÍ. Katalog biotopů České republiky (Habitat catalogue of the Czech Republic). Praha: Agentura ochrany přírody a krajiny, 2001. 307 pp. ISBN 80-86064-55-7. URLinfo
Plant communities of Slovakia. 3, Wetland Vegetation (Souběž.) : Rastlinné spoločenstvá Slovenska. 3., Vegetácia mokradí. info
HEJNÝ, Slavomil. Ökologische Charakteristik der Wasser- und Sumpflanzen in den slowakischen Tiefebenen (Donau- und Theißgebiet) (Ecological characterisation of aquatic and wetland plants in the lowlands of Slovakia (area of Danube and Tisa rivers)). 1. vyd. Bratislava: Vydavateľstvo SAV, 1960. 480 pp. info
CRONK, Julie K. and Siobhan M. FENNESSY. Wetland plants :biology and ecology. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers, 2001. 462 s. ISBN 1-56670-372-7. info
BRÖNMARK, Christer and Lars-Anders HANSSON. The biology of lakes and ponds. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. xii, 216 s. ISBN 0-19-854972-5. info
Training methods - lectures, class discussion, presentation of literature and other informational sources recommended to the extension of the knowledge.
Exam - written test; the questions cover all topics included in the lectures. Credit (in case of completion of the course without exam ) - brief discussion about the key topics included in the course. The lectures are not optional, however they are strongly recommended especially to the students who want to finish the course by the exam.
Further comments (probably available only v češtině)
The course is taught once in two years.
Information on the per-term frequency of the course: Předmět bude vypisován v sudých letech (2008, ...).
Note related to how often the course is taught: podle dohody se studenty - každý týden, dvoutýdenně nebo blokově.