Morphological, physiological and behavioural adaptations to flight. Activity rhythms, summer roosts, reproduction and development, movements, hibernation. Echolocation and foraging strategies. The problem of Chiropteran monophyly. Systematic review of the order Chiroptera. Man and bats, control measures, beneficial aspects, protection and conservation. Field and laboratory methods to study bats, data analysis and evaluation.
History of studying bats in the world and in this country. Major textbooks, chiropterological journals, proceedings and bulletins, other "traditional" channels of information. Classical methods of studying bats in the field. Characteristics of the order Chiroptera and its two suboreders, Mega- and Microchiroptera: morphology, taxonomy, distribution, ecology, behaviour, endangerment and conservation. Phylogeny and the problem of monophyly - are megabats flying prosimians? Survey of families, their characters, habits and habitats, selected species, importance with respect to the ecosystem biodiversity. European bat fauna. New methods of studying bats, information on www pages. Flight and echolocation, work with ultrasound bat detectors, food structure and feeding strategies. Energetical costs and benefits, thermoregulation, winter quarters and hibernation, summer and temporary quarters, social structure and communication. Physiology, ecology and ethology of reproduction, ontogeny, average and maximum age, population ecology, monitoring bat numbers. Behavioural ecology of bats, hunting grounds and foraging behaviour, activity rhythms, migrations and other movements, radio-
telemetry of bats, bat communities and guilds.
Practical training with living bats in laboratory and field.
Altringham J., 1996: Bats: biology and behaviour. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, New York, Tokyo, 262 pp.
Náhradní obsah: Adams R.A. & Pedersen S.C: Ontogeny, Functional Ecology, and Evolution of Bats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000.
Nowak R. M., 1994: Walker's bats of the world. The John Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, London, 287 pp.
Hill J. E. & Smith J. D., 1984: Bats: a natural history. Univ. of Texas Press, Austin, 243 pp.
Horáček I., 1986: Létající savci. Academia, Praha, 152 str.
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught once in two years.
Information on the per-term frequency of the course: Vypisuje se v lichých letech.
General note: Předmět nebude otevírán každoročně.
Information on course enrollment limitations: Předmět bude vypisován v lichých letech (2003, 2005, ...)