At the end of this course, students should be able to understand the basic principles of thermodynamics. The interpretation of basic ideas and laws of thermodynamics is based on its statistical description. The basic laws of thermodynamics are also derived from principles of statistical physics. However, the main part of the course is mostly based on the classical thermodynamics.
1. The main ideas of thermodynamics. Descriptions of systems of many particles. State and process. Thermodynamic equilibrium.
2. First law of thermodynamics. Force, work, and heat. Adiabatic process. Quasistatic and reversible processes.
3. Temperature and entropy. Second law of thermodynamics.
4. Third law of thermodynamics. Heat capacity. Ideal gas processes.