Health Sciences (programme LF, N-SZ, specialization Teaching Specialization Optics and Optometrics)
Health Sciences (programme LF, N-SZ, specialization Teaching Specialization Human Alimentation)
Branch content: Students are learning about etiology and prevention of dental caries and
parodontopathies also the basics of oral hygiene and its importance for maintenance of the
Basic aims of subject education: Students are obtaining knowledge about causes of dental
caries and parodontopathies. They learn diagnostics, prevention and therapy of these diseases
with emphasis on basic prophylactic procedures.
Subject content: Aim of lessons is to manage students with importance of oral hygiene,
causes of dental caries and parodontopathies. They learn to diagnose early phase these
diseases and to start effective preventive actions. The significance of epidemiological studies
is accentuated. Students also meet with methods improving enamel resistance, local and systemic fluoridation, fundamentals of health nutrition.
Form of control: seminary report, credit
Introduction to the preventive dentistry. WHO objectives to the year 2020. Primary, secondary, tertiary prevention. Periodontal ligament, cementum, gingiva, anatomy and histology. Microbial plaque, dental calculus, their role in aethiology and pathogenesis of periodontal diseases. Hygiene of the oral cavity, aids, techniques. Basic terminology in epidemiology of the dental caries and periodontal diseases. Indices. Prevalence, incidence, susceptibility, experience, OHI-S, CPITN, SBI, PBI. Dental plaque indices: PI-SilnessLoe,PI-Quinley-Hein. Measurement of pocket depth, BoP. Principle theories of cariogenesis. Early lesion, X-ray diagnostics. Dental caries, iatrogenic irritation in restorative dentistry. Epidemiology of the dental caries. Fluorides in dental caries prevention. Fluoride prevention - exogenous (topical) methods. Fluoride prevention - endogenous(systemic) methods. Nutrition in dental caries prevention. Prevention programmes in dentistry. Preventive aspects in prosthetic dentistry. Preventive aspects in surgery (epidemiology of tumours, precancerous states and AIDS).
Kovalová, E., Čierný M.: Orálna hygiéna. 1994, Prešov, Zürich
Škach, M., Kostlán,J., a kol.: Onemocnění parodontu. Praha 1977, Avicenum
Murray J.J.: Prevention of dental disease 2nd edition 1989 Oxford University press
Kilian, J. a kol.: Prevence ve stomatologii. 1999, Galén a KU Praha, nakladatelství