bp2054 Biomechanics

Faculty of Sports Studies
Autumn 2018
Extent and Intensity
1/1/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Miriam Kalichová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. Mgr. Martin Zvonař, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Michal Rabenseifner (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Miriam Kalichová, Ph.D.
Department of Kinesiology - Faculty of Sports Studies
Contact Person: Mgr. Miriam Kalichová, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Kinesiology - Faculty of Sports Studies
Timetable
Wed 14:00–14:50 A11/206
  • Timetable of Seminar Groups:
bp2054/01: Tue 13:00–13:50 A15/207, M. Rabenseifner
bp2054/02: Thu 11:00–11:50 A15/207, M. Kalichová
bp2054/03: Wed 12:00–12:50 A15/207, M. Kalichová
bp2054/04: Tue 7:00–7:50 A11/206, M. Rabenseifner
bp2054/05: Wed 16:00–16:50 A11/236, M. Kalichová
bp2054/06: Mon 7:00–7:50 225 - seminární místnost, M. Rabenseifner
bp2054/07: Tue 12:00–12:50 203 - seminární místnost, M. Rabenseifner
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim of the subject is to explain the mechanical structure and mechanical behavior of the movement apparatus of the human in motion, especially the sport, and in this approach the research methods, based on which the human body is analyzed. Further, the aim of the subject is to acquaint students with the basic prerequisites for physical activity (skills and abilities), with the diagnostic methods of these assumptions and with the main manifestations during ontogenesis.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students will be able to:
- explain basic mechanical laws and principles; ontogenesis rules and the motor learning process and to synthesize this knowledge in the future with previously acquired knowledge of selected biological subsystems;
- to apply the basic knowledge of this synergetic scientific discipline to the human system of motion and sport movement;
- from a kinematic and dynamic perspective to analyze the nature of the selected sport movement;
- to propose appropriate biomechanical measurements to solve the problem, to diagnose the level of physical abilities
Syllabus
  • 01. Definition of biomechanics, importace, history
  • 02. Physical base of biomechanics: line coordinates, scalares, vectores, units
  • 03. Kinematics: mass point, distance, velocity, acceleration, straight motion, accelerated motion, cirgular motion, motions in field of gravity of Earth, describing motion with graphs
  • 04. Dynamics: force, Newton's Laws, effects of force, deformations, Hook's Law, momentum and its conservation, impulse, centripetal force, inertial force, D'Alambert's Principle
  • 05. Mechanics of rigid body: moment of force, principle of moments, centre of gravity, equilibrium positions, statics, frictional force, air resistance force, inclined plane, lever systems
  • 06. Mechanical energy, work, power, conservation of energy
  • 07. Mechanics of liquid and gas: pressure, Pascal's law, Hydrostatic pressure, law of Archimedes, equation of kontinuity, Bernoulli's equation, liquid flow around an obstacle
  • 08. Biological base of biomechanics: body segments, biomechanisme, weight and centre of gravity of segments, centre of gravity of humen body, angular momentum of segments, mechanics properties of skeletal system, mechanics of joint connections, mechanics of muscle, mechanics load and deformation of tissues
  • 09. Measurement and experiment in biomechanics
  • 10. Biomechanics applications
Literature
    required literature
  • KALICHOVÁ, Miriam, Josef BALÁŽ, Petr BEDŘICH and Martin ZVONAŘ. Základy biomechaniky tělesných cvičení (Basic biomechanics of physical excercises). 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2011. 193 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-5551-3. info
    recommended literature
  • BALÁŽ, Jozef. Vybrané kapitoly z biomechaniky. 2. vyd. Bratislava: Peter Mačura - PEEM, 2005. 82 s. ISBN 8089917256. info
  • Úvod do biomechaniky pohybového systému člověka. Edited by Miroslav Janura. 1. vyd. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého, 2003. 84 s. ISBN 8024406446. info
  • Přehled středoškolské fyziky. Edited by Emanuel Svoboda. 3. vyd. Praha: Prometheus, 1998. 497 s., ob. ISBN 80-7196-116-7. info
  • VAVERKA, František. Základy biomechaniky pohybového systému člověka. 2. vyd. Olomouc: Vydavatelství Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci, 1997. 40 s. ISBN 8070677279. info
  • KOVAŘÍK, Vladimír and František LANGER. Biomechanika tělesných cvičení. Vyd. 2. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 1994. 79 s. ISBN 8021008385. info
  • KARAS, Vladimír, Stanislav OTÁHAL and Petr SUŠANKA. Biomechanika tělesných cvičení. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1990. 180 s. ISBN 8004205542. info
Teaching methods
theoretical presentations, applications on exercises.
Assessment methods
seminar work, written test, oral exam.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught each semester.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
Teacher's information
http://www.fsps.muni.cz/impact/biomechanika
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2013, autumn 2013, Spring 2014, Autumn 2014, Spring 2015, Autumn 2015, Spring 2016, Autumn 2016, Spring 2017, Autumn 2017, Spring 2018, Spring 2019, Autumn 2019, Spring 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2018, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/fsps/autumn2018/bp2054