aVLHE0322p Histologie a embryologie II - přednáška

Lékařská fakulta
podzim 2020
Rozsah
2/0/0. 30. 7 kr. Ukončení: zk.
Vyučující
prof. MUDr. RNDr. Svatopluk Čech, DrSc. (přednášející)
MUDr. Jana Dumková, Ph.D. (přednášející)
doc. MVDr. Aleš Hampl, CSc. (přednášející)
Mgr. Hana Kotasová, Ph.D. (přednášející)
MUDr. Irena Lauschová, Ph.D. (přednášející)
MVDr. Anna Mac Gillavry Danylevska, Ph.D. (přednášející)
doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc. (přednášející)
RNDr. Petr Vaňhara, Ph.D. (přednášející)
MUDr. Ivana Baltasová (pomocník)
RNDr. Martin Komenda, Ph.D. (pomocník)
MUDr. Eva Mecová (pomocník)
Garance
doc. MVDr. Aleš Hampl, CSc.
Ústav histologie a embryologie - Teoretická pracoviště - Lékařská fakulta
Kontaktní osoba: doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc.
Dodavatelské pracoviště: Ústav histologie a embryologie - Teoretická pracoviště - Lékařská fakulta
Předpoklady
( aVLHE0221c Histologie a embryologie I -cv || VSHE0221c Histologie a embryologie I -c ) && ( aVLBI0222c Biologie II - cvičení || VSBI0222c Biologie II-cvičení )
Omezení zápisu do předmětu
Předmět je nabízen i studentům mimo mateřské obory.
Mateřské obory/plány
Cíle předmětu
Course objectives.
At the end of the course students should be able to:
1. Understand and explain the structure of a cell, basic structural principles and function of connective tissues, features of epithelial tissue, structure of different types of muscle tissue, structure and function of nervous tissue.
2. Identify tissue types in histologic slides.
3. Characterize microscopic structure of individual organs of human body and explain correlations of tissues within organs.
4. Describe gamete development, explain principle of meiosis and regulation of gametogenesis.
5. Define the early embryonic development as well as development of fetal membranes, placenta and umbilical cord.
6. Characterize stages of embryonic development, describe the development of individual organ systems of human body.
7. Explain the mechanism of the origin of some developmental anomalies.
Výstupy z učení
Course objectives.
At the end of the course students should be able to:
1. Understand and explain the structure of a cell, basic structural principles and function of connective tissues, features of epithelial tissue, structure of different types of muscle tissue, structure and function of nervous tissue.
2. Identify tissue types in histologic slides.
3. Characterize microscopic structure of individual organs of human body and explain correlations of tissues within organs.
4. Describe gamete development, explain principle of meiosis and regulation of gametogenesis.
5. Define the early embryonic development as well as development of fetal membranes, placenta and umbilical cord.
6. Characterize stages of embryonic development, describe the development of individual organ systems of human body.
7. Explain the mechanism of the origin of some developmental anomalies.
Osnova
  • 1. Microscopic structure of the lymphatic system.
  • 2. Microscopic structure and development of the respiratory system.
  • 3. GIT I: Microscopic structure of the oral cavity – lips, cheeks, salivary glands, tongue. Microscopic structure of the tooth.
  • 4.GIT II: General structure of the wall of digestive tube. Microscopic structure of the oesophagus, stomach, and small and large intestine. Histophysiology of the intestine and blood circulation.
  • 5. GIT III: Microscopic structure of the liver, gallbladder, gall ducts, and pancreas. Overview of development of the gut.
  • 6. Microscopic structure and development of the urinary system: Nephron - its structure, histotopography, and function. Blood circulation of kidneys. Urinary passages. Stages in development of kidneys (pro-, meso-, and metanephros).
  • 7. Microscopic structure of the male reproductive system: Testis, excretory genital ducts, accessory genital glands, and penis. Spermato- and spermiogenesis. Composition of the sperm (ejaculate).
  • 8. Microscopic structure of the female reproductive system: Ovary, oviduct, uterus, vagina, and external genitalia. Ovarian cycle, ovulation, and atresia. Oogenesis. Menstrual cycle. Relations between the menstrual and ovarian cycle.
  • 9. Development of internal and external sexual organs. General characteristics of the indifferent stage.
  • 10. Microscopic structure, histophysiology and development of endocrine glands: Hypophysis, epiphysis, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal gland, islets of Langerhans. Principles of humoral regulation.
  • 11. Microscopic structure and development of the central and peripheral nervous system. Structure of gray matter in the CNS: Iso- and allocortex, cerebellar cortex, spinal cord. Meninges. Ganglia and peripheral nerves. Overview of development of the brain and spinal cord including histogenesis of the neural tube.
  • 12. Microscopic structure of the organ of vision: The eye and its refractive (dioptric) media. Accessory structures of the eye. Microscopic structure of the ear (vestibulocochlear organ). Major structural differences between the statokinetic and acoustic compartments. Overview of development of the eye and vestibulocochlear organ.
  • 13. Microscopic structure and development of the skin and skin derivatives. Mammary gland.
  • 14. Development of body cavities and mesenteries. Development of the diaphragm. Development of the spleen.
Literatura
    doporučená literatura
  • MESCHER, Anthony L. Junqueira's basic histology : text and atlas. 13th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2013. xi, 544. ISBN 9781259072321. info
  • MOORE, Keith L., T. V. N. PERSAUD a Mark G. TORCHIA. The developing human : clinically oriented embryology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier, 2013. xix, 540. ISBN 9781437720020. info
    neurčeno
  • LÜLLMANN-RAUCH, Renate. Histologie. Translated by Radomír Čihák. 1. české vyd. Praha: Grada, 2012. xx, 556. ISBN 9788024737294. info
  • OVALLE, William K., Patrick C. NAHIRNEY a Frank H. NETTER. Netter's essential histology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders, 2013. xv, 517. ISBN 9781455706310. info
  • YOUNG, Barbara. Wheater's functional histology : a text and colour atlas. 5th ed. [Oxford]: Churchill Livingstone, 2006. x, 437. ISBN 044306850X. info
  • SADLER, T. W. a Jan LANGMAN. Langman's medical embryology. Illustrated by Jill Leland. 11th ed. Baltimore, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010. ix, 385. ISBN 9781605476568. info
  • LOWE, James S. a Peter G. ANDERSON. Stevens and Lowe´s Human Histology. 4th. : Elsevier, 2015. ISBN 978-0-7234-3502-0. info
Výukové metody
lectures
Metody hodnocení
Final examination is composed of the practical part (slide test) and the theoretical part that includes written test and oral exam. In practical part, student should identify minimally 7 out of 10 slides. Oral exam includes 2 questions (1 histology, 1 embryology). Rules and conditions applicable for practical training and for examining in Histology and Embryology can be found on the website of Department of Histology and Embryology (http://www.med.muni.cz/histology/education).
A necessary condition for admission to exam is to obtain credit from the Histology and Embryology II-practice.
Vyučovací jazyk
Angličtina
Informace učitele
http://www.med.muni.cz/histology/education
Information about HE teaching is available on the Department poster in front of the Microscopic Hall and on the web site http://www.med.muni.cz/histology/education.
A necessary condition for admission to exam is to obtain credit from the Histology and Embryology II-practice.
Další komentáře
Předmět je vyučován každoročně.
Výuka probíhá každý týden.
Nachází se v prerekvizitách jiných předmětů
Předmět je zařazen také v obdobích podzim 2016, podzim 2017, podzim 2018, podzim 2019.