FC1013 Microparticles Physics

Faculty of Education
Autumn 2022
Extent and Intensity
2/1/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught in person.
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Jan Čech, Ph.D. (lecturer)
PhDr. Jan Válek, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
PhDr. Jan Válek, Ph.D.
Department of Physics, Chemistry and Vocational Education - Faculty of Education
Contact Person: Jana Jachymiáková
Supplier department: Department of Physics, Chemistry and Vocational Education - Faculty of Education
Timetable of Seminar Groups
FC1013/Kombi01: Sat 17. 9. 12:00–14:50 učebna 3, Fri 30. 9. 9:00–11:50 učebna 3, Fri 14. 10. 12:00–14:50 učebna 3, Fri 4. 11. 12:00–14:50 učebna 3, J. Čech, J. Válek
FC1013/Prez01: Wed 8:00–9:50 učebna 3, Thu 8:00–8:50 učebna 3, except Wed 26. 10., except Thu 27. 10., J. Čech, J. Válek
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The educational objectives of the course are basic knowledge of microscopic structure of substances and basic experiments that confirm the theory. Furthermore, basic skills of application of knowledge of microworld construction to calculations and estimates of properties of studied objects. The main educational content includes terms such as photon, particles, quantum numbers, dualism, radioactivity. Objectives: Knowledge: particles, Rutherford's experiment, laws of the black body, photoeffect, Compton effect, spectra, nucleons, binding energy, radioactivity, nuclear reactions, division of elementary particles Skills: perform basic calculations in atomic and nuclear physics; to describe fundamental experiments in atomic and nuclear physics, to apply knowledge of microworld laws to considerations of properties of elements or substances. Attitudes: understand the meaning and possibilities of using atomic physics knowledge.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student will be able to/know: Fundamental parts of atomic physics course (atructure of atoms, Electronic structure of matter, nuclear physics) Interpret principles and basis of atomic and nuclear physics Characterise elements of periodical system and radionuclides
Syllabus
  • Syllabus of lectures (after weeks or blocks): 1. Historical introduction. 2. Macroscopic and microscopic theories and their verification. 3. Electromagnetic radiation - (opinions on the nature of light, equilibrium heat radiation, quantum hypothesis; photoelectric effect; Compton effect). 3. Structure of atom (development of views on atom; discovery of natural radioactivity, discovery of electron; first models of atom; dispersion experiments, discovery of atomic nucleus). 4. Old quantum theory, planetary model of atom, problem of its stability; Bohr model of hydrogen atom, Bohr-Sommerfeld model of atom. 5. Mendeleev's Periodic Table. 6. Atomic spectra (emission and absorption optical spectrum of atom; emission and absorption X-ray spectrum of atom; spectral analysis). 7. Molecular spectra and their interpretation 8. Wave-particle dualism and its physical interpretation (de Broglie's hypothesis, Young's experiment). 9. Fundamentals of nuclear and particle physics (core properties; radioactivity; nuclear reactions; nuclear models). 10. Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. 11. Classification of particles; conservation laws. 12. The standard model. Exercise syllabus (after weeks or blocks): Exercises deepen the knowledge of lectures to solve problems. 1. Historical introduction. 2. Macroscopic and microscopic theories and their verification. 3. Electromagnetic radiation - (opinions on the nature of light, equilibrium heat radiation, quantum hypothesis; photoelectric effect; Compton effect). 3. Structure of atom (development of views on atom; discovery of natural radioactivity, discovery of electron; first models of atom; dispersion experiments, discovery of atomic nucleus). 4. Old quantum theory, planetary model of atom, problem of its stability; Bohr model of hydrogen atom, Bohr-Sommerfeld model of atom. 5. Mendeleev's Periodic Table. 6. Atomic spectra (emission and absorption optical spectrum of atom; emission and absorption X-ray spectrum of atom; spectral analysis). 7. Molecular spectra and their interpretation 8. Wave-particle dualism and its physical interpretation (de Broglie's hypothesis, Young's experiment). 9. Fundamentals of nuclear and particle physics (core properties; radioactivity; nuclear reactions; nuclear models). 10. Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. 11. Classification of particles; conservation laws. 12. The standard model.
Literature
    required literature
  • HALLIDAY, David, Robert RESNICK and Jearl WALKER. Fyzika : vysokoškolská učebnice obecné fyziky. Translated by Jan Obdržálek - Jiří Komrska - Petr Dub. Vyd. 1. V Brně: Vysoké učení technické, 2000. vii, s. ISBN 8071962147. info
  • NEPRAŠ, Miloš and Miloš TITZ. Základy teorie elektronových spekter : absorpční a luminiscenční spektra organických sloučenin v ultrafialové a viditelné oblasti světla. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní nakladatelství technické literatury, 1983. 371 s. info
  • BEISER, Arthur. Úvod do moderní fyziky. Translated by Josef Čada. Vyd. 2. Praha: Academia, 1978. 628 s. info
    recommended literature
  • Skála L.: Kvantová teorie molekul. Karolinum: Praha, 1995.
  • Špolskij, E. V., Atomová fyzika. 1, Úvod do atomové fyziky. 2. vyd. Praha: SNTL, 1957
Teaching methods
lectures, class discussion, calculus and homeworks
Assessment methods
in-term assessment (tests) (up 60%) and report
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 12 hodin.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, autumn 2020, Autumn 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/ped/autumn2022/FC1013