FC1015 Astronomy & Astrophysics

Faculty of Education
Spring 2023
Extent and Intensity
2/1/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Taught in person.
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Tomáš Miléř, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Tomáš Miléř, Ph.D.
Department of Physics, Chemistry and Vocational Education - Faculty of Education
Contact Person: Jana Jachymiáková
Supplier department: Department of Physics, Chemistry and Vocational Education - Faculty of Education
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to obtain a basic knowledge of astronomy and astrophysics at the university level. The course focuses on the logical structure of the discipline and on the knowledge and practical skills needed for teaching physics at the primary school. For these reasons the related exercise is based on the tasks with an emphasis on the relationship of the topic to practice, nature, technical applications etc.
Learning outcomes
After completing the course the student should know and know:  Basic laws of the thematic circuit of Astronomy and Astrophysics.  The student is able to solve the standard problems of astronomy and astrophysics based on acquired knowledge.  Perform calculations of application examples
Syllabus
  • 1. Introduction to the History of Astronomy
  • 2. Astronomical instruments, types of telescopes assembly
  • 3. Solar system, the Sun, planets, moons, asteroids, comets, tidal forces, Sun and Moon eclipse, solar system cosmogony
  • 4. astronomical forcings on the Earth's climate, sunlight, Milanković theory, cosmic rays
  • 5. Day and night sky, constellations, the ecliptic, spherical coordinates, practical use of a sky map and nomograms
  • 6. Sundial, gnomon, analemma, the equation of time
  • 7. Determination of a cosmic distance, distance units, parallax historical methods (Aristarchus, transition of Venus), the method of novae and supernovae, measurement of angular distance
  • 8. Star Characteristics, Pogson's equations H-R diagram Spectral classification of stars
  • 9. Stars, stars, models, developmental stages of stars, novae, supernovae
  • 10. Development of the stars in tight binaries
  • 11. Galaxy, Stellar populations and their characteristics
  • 12. Basics of cosmology, the Hubble law
Literature
  • VANÝSEK, Vladimír. Základy astronomie a astrofyziky. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 1980. 541 s. URL info
  • ŠTEFL, Vladimír. Vybrané kapitoly z astrofyziky. Vyd. 1. Brno: Rektorát UJEP, 1985. 81 s. info
Teaching methods
lectures and exercises
Assessment methods
oral exam, written test
Language of instruction
Czech
Follow-Up Courses
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 12 hodin.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2019, Spring 2020, Spring 2021, Spring 2022.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2023, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/ped/spring2023/FC1015