Ze0112 Soils and Biota of the Earth

Faculty of Education
Autumn 2022
Extent and Intensity
1/1/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught in person.
Mgr. Peter Mackovčin, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Tadeáš Muzikant (seminar tutor)
Mgr. et Mgr. Michaela Spurná, Ph.D. (assistant)
Guaranteed by
doc. PaedDr. Eduard Hofmann, CSc.
Department of Geography - Faculty of Education
Contact Person: Kateřina Brabcová
Supplier department: Department of Geography - Faculty of Education
Thu 15:00–15:50 učebna 5, except Thu 27. 10.
  • Timetable of Seminar Groups:
Ze0112/01: Thu 16:00–16:50 učebna 10, except Thu 27. 10., P. Mackovčin
Ze0112/02: Thu 13:00–13:50 učebna 51, except Thu 27. 10., P. Mackovčin
Ze0112/03: Thu 12:00–12:50 učebna 57, except Thu 27. 10., P. Mackovčin
Elementary high school knowledge of the soil environment, living conditions for plants and animals, as well as work with the map and its content.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The student should gain an overview of the soil and its importance for the biocomponent. Furthermore, the inclusion of soil in the natural components of the landscape and its protection at the national level. For the living component of the physical-geographical sphere, he should understand the distribution of habitats (smaller areas, ecosystems up to biomes), the adaptation of species to natural conditions. Derive basic biogeographical rules and reasons for animal migration, meaning natural migration, but also forced by human activity, including climate change. Include within the society the protection of species and its territories in which controlled interventions take place. Trends for the future in the field of soils, subsequently biota and animals and links within ecosystems.
Learning outcomes
Students are able to distinguish the basic soil types and kinds and evaluate them according to their importance for the development of nature and economic utilization. In  biogeography, the students will be familiar with the contents   main biogeographic terms, basic properties of living matter, the roles of organisms in the environment, and relations of organisms with environmental factors. The students will be able to distinguish between biomes of the Earth and the local conditions that define the adaptation of animals and vegetation.
  • 1. Introduction - Soil and its components: what is soil, what it consists of and what processes take place in it
  • 2. The function of soil and its use: soil as an environment for organisms 3. Soil classification systems and soil protection: division of soils according to composition and formation processes
  • 4. Biogeography concepts: basic concepts of the field of science and the development of the subject of study
  • 5. Environmental factors for plants and animals: the environment and its components as limits for growth and reproduction
  • 6. Distribution of organisms and migration: adaptation to the environment and movements or Moving for food supply or reproduction
  • 7. Zonality in biogeography and adaptation: zonation of species and adaptation, biogeographical rules
  • 8. Biomes I: polar regions, tundra, taiga
  • 9. Biomes II: temperate forests, steppes, hardwood forests
  • 10. Biomes III: deserts, savannas, subtropical and tropical forests
  • 11. Biodiversity and hot spots: species diversity in all levels of micro, mezzo and macroforms
  • 12. Protection of species and habitats: protection of species and habitats at national and international level
    required literature
  • Fyzická geografie. II. Edited by Stanislav Horník. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1986. 319 s.
  • TOMÁŠEK, Milan. Půdy České republiky. 3. vyd. Praha: Česká geologická služba, 2003. 67 s. ISBN 8070756071.
    recommended literature
  • Příroda a krajina České republiky : zpráva o stavu 2009. Edited by Ladislav Miko - Michael Hošek. 1. vyd. Praha: Agentura ochrany přírody a krajiny ČR, 2009. 102 s. ISBN 9788087051702. info
  • Nepůvodní druhy fauny a flóry České republiky. Edited by Jiří Mlíkovský - Petr Stýblo. Praha: ČSOP, 2006. 496 s. ISBN 8086770176. info
  • NĚMEČEK, Jan. Taxonomický klasifikační systém půd České republiky. Vyd. 1. Praha: Česká zemědělská univerzita, 2001. 79 s. ISBN 8023880616. info
Teaching methods
1. Lectures 2. Seminars 3. Individual work of students.
Assessment methods
Credit requirements: Participation in seminars, submission of seminar papers. Requirements for the exam: knowledge of basic knowledge to the extent determined by the content of the course according to lectures and recommended literature. Written part (60% points needed) and oral part.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, autumn 2020, Autumn 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/ped/autumn2022/Ze0112