KR021 The Beginnings of Greek Philosohy: Presocratics and Sophists

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Juraj Franek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Juraj Franek, Ph.D.
Department of Classical Studies - Faculty of Arts
Contact Person: Jitka Erlebachová
Supplier department: Department of Classical Studies - Faculty of Arts
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
The capacity limit for the course is 60 student(s).
Current registration and enrolment status: enrolled: 0/60, only registered: 0/60, only registered with preference (fields directly associated with the programme): 0/60
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The course serves as an introduction to the Greek philosophy of the Archaic period. Lectures are complemented with readings and discussions of the primary texts.
Following the successful completion of the course, studnents will have obtained an orientation in Presocratic philosophers and Sophists. Special attention will be devoted the transition from myth to philosophy and critical, rational thought.
Reading of the primary literature will serve as an introduction to the fundamental fields of systematic philosophy (ontology, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy).
Learning outcomes
Following the successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:
- present the specifics of the preservation of Presocratic philosophical works;
- summarize main differences between a mythical and a philosophical approach to the world;
- identify the most important exponents of Presocratic philosophy and Sophistic movement;
- describe ontology, epistemology, cosmogony, cosmology and ethics of selected Presocratic philosophers and Sophists.
Syllabus
  • 1. General introduction to the earliest Greek philosophy.
  • 2. From myth to philosophy.
  • 3. Milesian School: Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes.
  • 4. Xenophanes.
  • 5. Eleatics: Parmenides and Zeno.
  • 6. Pythagoras and Pythagoreans.
  • 7. Heraclitus.
  • 8. Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus.
  • 9. Empedocles.
  • 10. Anaxagoras.
  • 11. Sophists I: Protagoras, Gorgias.
  • 12. Sophists II: Prodicus, Critias, Antiphon.
Literature
    required literature
  • Homér: Ílias. Praha: Rezek 1996.
  • Homér: Odyssea. Praha: Rezek 1996.
  • Hésiodos: Zpěvy železného věku. Praha: Svoboda 1990.
  • Zlomky předsokratovských myslitelů. Praha: Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd 1962.
  • Kirk, G. S. - Raven, J. E. - Schofield, M.: Předsókratovští filosofové. Praha: Oikoymenh 2004.
  • Graeser, A.: Řecká filosofie klasického období: Sofisté, Sókratés a sokratikové, Platón a Aristotelés. Praha: Oikoymenh 2000.
    recommended literature
  • Vernant, J.-P. (1995). Počátky řeckého myšlení. Praha: Oikoymenh.
  • Hussey, E. (1997). Presokratici. Praha: Rezek.
  • McKirahan, R.D. (2010). Philosophy before Socrates. Indianapolis: Hackett.
  • Ricken, F. (2002). Antická filosofie. Olomouc: Nakladatelství Olomouc.
  • Barnes, J. (1982). The Presocratic Philosophers. London - New York: Routledge.
  • Kratochvíl, Z (2010). Mezi mořem a nebem: Odkaz iónské archaické vnímavosti. Červený Kostelec: Pavel Mervart.
  • Guthrie, W. K. C. (1962). A History of Greek Philosophy I: The Earlier Presocratics and the Pythagoreans. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Guthrie, W. K. C. (1965). A History of Greek Philosophy II: The Presocratic Tradition from Parmenides to Democritus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Guthrie, W. K. C. (1971). The Sophists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Patočka, J. (1996). Nejstarší řecká filosofie: Filosofie v předklasickém údobí před sofistikou a Sókratem. Praha: Vyšehrad.
  • Kočandrle, R. (2008). Fysis iónských myslitelů: Rozprava nad peripatetickou dezinterpretací. Červený Kostelec: Pavel Mervart.
  • Kočandrle, R. (2010). Anaximandros z Mílétu. Červený Kostelec: Pavel Mervart.
  • Kočandrle, R. (2014). Anaximenés z Mílétu. Červený Kostelec: Pavel Mervart.
  • Kratochvíl, Z. (2006). Hérakleitos: Délský potápěč k Hérakleitově řeči. Praha: Herrmann & synové.
  • Vítek, T. (2001). Empedoklés: Studie. Praha: Herrmann & synové.
  • Kratochvíl, Z. (2014). Anaxagorás. Červený Kostelec: Pavel Mervart.
  • Kratochvíl, Z. – Bor, D. Ž. (1999). Pýthagorás ze Samu. Praha: Trigon.
  • Curd, P. - Graham, D. W. (eds.) (2008). The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Long, A. A. (ed.) (1999). The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Teaching methods
The course is a combination of lectures and class discussions. Systematic home reading and preparation for clases is necessary requirement for the successful completion of the course.
Assessment methods
Multiple-choice written test (pass mark = 70%).
Language of instruction
English
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
The course is taught once in two years.
The course is taught: every week.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2021, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/phil/autumn2021/KR021