Bi9170 Mammalogy

Faculty of Science
Autumn 2020
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught online.
Teacher(s)
doc. Mgr. Tomáš Bartonička, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. Mgr. Tomáš Bartonička, Ph.D.
Department of Botany and Zoology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: doc. Mgr. Tomáš Bartonička, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Botany and Zoology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable
Tue 10:00–11:50 D32/329
Prerequisites
Bi2090 Verteb. phylog. & divers. || SOUHLAS
Bi2090 - Phylogenesis and diversity of vertebrates
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 6 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
Synapsid Amniotes and the phylogeny of Mammals, main fossil groups. Morphology, ecology, behaviour, scientific as well as general value of recent mammals. Survey of the world mammalian fauna according to the phylogenetic and molecular taxonomy. Distribution patterns and major ecological and behavioural adaptations of selected (model) species. At the end of this course, students should be able to understand and interpret the status of mammals as the most advanced animal group including the essentials of man as a mammal; make reasoned decisions about the conservation of mammals and their habitats and about the managements to breed mammals (preserves, zoos, laboratories).
Learning outcomes
Knowledge of life history of particular mammall phylogenetic lines focused on placental mammals. Morphological, biogeographical, ecological and behavioural charakteristics of recent mammal groups, their evolution, from palentological fossil groups to recent lines and their species diversity. Management, threat and conservation of mammals, autochtonous and allochtonous mammals. Skills. Identification of osteological materiál, especially skulls and dentition, work using vertebrate collection fund of Departmentf Botany and Zoology.
Syllabus
  • Mammalian characteristics and comparison to other vertebrate and chordate animals. Phylogenetic (cladistic) analysis and mammalian taxonomy. Essentials of morphology: skin, hair, mammary glands, skull, axial skeleton, limbs and girdles, muscular system. Mammalian brain, endocrine secretion, neuro-humoral steering. Sense organs, macro- and microsmatic mammals, vision, hearing echo- and hydrolocation. Digestive system, mammalian teeth, tribosphenic molar structure and its evolution, stomach and intestine, herbivore specializations (foregut and hindgut fermenters). Respiratory system, sound production. Mammalian heart, circulatory system, endothermy. Urogenital system, three major types of mammalian reproduction, placental types, pre- and postnatal ontogeny, altricial and precocial young, parent-clingers. Mammalian ecology, niche, major ecological factors. Coping with cold, hypothermia, hibernation and related phenomena. Ecology of reproduction, population ecology, fluctuation in numbers, cycles and overcrowding, r-K selection. Function of mammals in ecosystems, biodiversity, endangerment, conservation of mammals and their habitats. Behaviour, mammals as models in reflexology, behaviorism, classical European ethology, sociobiology and behavioural ecology. Sexual, social and other systems of behaviour, play, imprinting, conditioning and other adaptive processes. Mammalian phylogeny, synapsid origins, mesozoic mammals, cenozoic radiation of therians. Survey of recent mammals: Prototheria, Matatheria, Eutheria (Placentalia).
Literature
  • ANDĚRA, Miloš. Svět zvířat. ptakořitní, vačnatci, chudozubí, hmyzožravci, tany, letuchy, letouni, primáti. Illustrated by Pavel Dvorský - Viera Postníková. 1. vyd. Praha: Albatros, 1997. 143 s. ISBN 8000005417. info
  • ANDĚRA, Miloš. Svět zvířat. šelmy, luskouni, hrabáči, hlodavci. Illustrated by Pavel Dvorský - Viera Postníková. 1. vyd. Praha: Albatros, 1999. 147 s. ISBN 8000006774. info
  • ANDĚRA, Miloš and Jaroslav ČERVENÝ. Savci. Illustrated by Pavel Dvorský - Viera Postníková. 1. vyd. Praha: Albatros, 2000. 153 s. ISBN 8000008297. info
  • Historie obratlovců : evoluce, fylogeneze, systém. Edited by Zbyněk Roček. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 2002. 511 s. ISBN 8020008586. info
  • Mitchell-Jones, A. J., Amori, G., Bogdanowicz, W., Kryštufek, B., Reijnders, P. J. H., Spitzenberger, F., Stubbe, M., Thissen, J. B. M., Vohralík, V. & Zima, J., 1999: The atlas of European mammals. Academic Press, London, San Diego, 484 pp.
  • Baillie, J. & Groombridge, B. (eds.), 1996: 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, 368 + 10 pp.
  • ANDĚRA, Miloš. České názvy živočichů. Praha: Národní muzeum, 1999. 147 s. ISBN 80-7036-098-4. info
Teaching methods
lectures
Assessment methods
oral examination
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught once in two years.
Information on the per-term frequency of the course: PS sudých let - 2014, 2016, 2018...
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2018.
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