F8450 Physics of low temperatures

Faculty of Science
Spring 2021
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
doc. Mgr. Pavel Dvořák, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. Mgr. Pavel Slavíček, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. Mgr. Pavel Dvořák, Ph.D.
Department of Physical Electronics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: doc. Mgr. Pavel Dvořák, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Physical Electronics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites
Basics of thermodynamics, eventually of statistical physics.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
It is the purpose of this lecture to give an introduction to low temperature physics. The lecture is divided into three parts. In the first part the properties of materials at low temperatures are discussed. The second part of the lecture concentrates on the theory of refrigerators and low temperature measurements. In the third part the attention is paid to the application of low temperatures.
Learning outcomes
Student should get insight into low-temperature behaviour of matter, principles of cooling and thermometry and applications of low temperatures.
Syllabus
  • Properties of materials at low temperatures, superconductivity, superfluids.
  • Physical foundations of producing low temperatures, principles of refrigerators.
  • Low temperature measurements
  • thermal isolation, applications of low temperature.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • SKRBEK, Ladislav. Fyzika nízkých teplot. Praha: Matfyzpress, 2011.
  • ODEHNAL, Milan. Supravodivost a jiné kvantové jevy. Praha: Academia, 1992. ISBN 80-200-0225-1. info
  • ANNETT, James F. Superconductivity, superfluids, and condensates. 1st pub. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. xi, 186. ISBN 0198507569. info
  • JÁNOŠ, Štefan. Fyzika nízkych teplot. Bratislava: Alfa, 1980. info
  • JELÍNEK, Josef and Zdeněk MÁLEK. Kryogenní technika. 1. vyd. Praha: SNTL - Nakladatelství technické literatury, 1982. 354 s. info
  • LETOCHOV, Vladilen Stepanovič. Laser control of atoms and molecules. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. xi, 310. ISBN 9780198528166. info
  • ŠAFRATA, R.S. Fyzika nízkých teplot. Praha: Matfyzpress, 1998. ISBN 80-85863-19-7. info
Teaching methods
Lectures
Assessment methods
Written test.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught once in two years.
The course is taught: every week.
General note: S.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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