C8610 Environmental Analytical Chemistry - Organic Pollutants

Faculty of Science
Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Jana Klánová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc.
RECETOX - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc.
Prerequisites
Introductory course on Analytical Chemistry or an equivalent
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of the course, students should be able to: - describe a purpose and principles of the activities focused on screening and monitoring a presence of antropogenic chemicals in the environment. - discuss differences between various groups of organic pollutants. - select the best methods for the individual groups of chemicals. - distinguish between specific sampling methods for determination of volatile, non-volatile, polar and non-polar compounds in air, water, sediment, soil and biota. - review the analytical techniques for the sample preparation, clean-up and fractionation. - compare the separation and identification techniques and their applicability for determination of various organic chemicals in the environmental samples. - illustrate their specificity on the major groups of organic compounds polluting the environment. - introduce the quality assurance/quality control measures. - understand the whole concept of chemical analysis of the environmental samples. - characterize the specific problems of this field. - interpret the analytical results.
Syllabus
  • 1. Environmental monitoring: purpose and principles, international measures and programs 2. Specific problems of the environmental analysis 3. Sampling methods for air (gas and particles), atmospheric deposition (wet and dry), water, sediment, soil and biota 4. Analytical techniques for the sample extraction (solvent extraction, liquid-liquid extraction, extraction on the solid phase, head-space, purge-and-trap), clean-up and fractionation of the environmental samples 5. Review of the separation and identification techniques with the special focus on chromatography (applications of the gas, liquid and gel permeation chromatography) and mass spectroscopy (electromagnetic sector, quadrupole, ion trap analyzers) 6. Application of the above-discussed techniques for determination of the most important groups of environmental pollutants (polychlorinated biphenyls, organochlorine pesticides, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, volatile hydrocarbons) 7. Quality assurance/quality control measures 8. Interpretation of the analytical data
Literature
  • FIFIELD, F. W. and P. J. HAINES. Environmental Analytical Chemistry. (Eds.). London: Blackie Academic & Professional, 1995. ISBN 0-7514-0052-1. info
  • SKOOG, Douglas A. and James J. LEARY. Principles of instrumental analysis. 4th ed. Fort Worth: Saunders College Publishing, 1992. xii, 700 s. ISBN 0-03-023343-7. info
Teaching methods
Course is organized in weekly interactive lessons. Powerpoint presentations are available to students.
Assessment methods
lecture, written test, oral exam
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, autumn 2017, Autumn 2018.