Special Education (eng.)

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The current approach towards the education and teaching of the students with handicaps is more and more focused on the inclusive approach in a comprehensive understanding of it. The range of academic activities is focused on a wide age group – from young learners to the elderly. The conception of the study of special education is a reflection of a society-wide effort to integrate children/students with special educational needs into regular schools (see school law 561/2004 no. 82/2015).

The goal of the special education field is to prepare special educators for special education activities in classrooms that are established for students with special educational needs in primary and lower secondary schools, in schools for students with special needs, in special schools in role as a teaching assistant, in school establishments, in preschools with education for children with special needs, in children's homes, youth centres and for activities in social care centres. The field is taught in daily and combined modes. The study field Special education is divised based on the standards of the Accreditation Committee for the field of Special Education. It is divided into 6 specializations combined of two fields – speech therapy in the education of pupils with hearing impairments, mental impairments in combination with the education of pupils with physical disabilities, visual impairment, behavioural problems, and also speech therapy and adult health handicaps. These specializations form the basis for the follow-up Master's degree.


After successfully completing his/her studies the graduate is able to:

  • Gain general knowledge and skills in special education
  • Gain academic special knowledge and skills in special education
  • Apply pedagogical and communication knowledge and skills
  • Apply the approach of education and pedagogy to children and students with special education needs (SEN) into their schooling
  • Work with children/students with special education needs on the level of teaching assistant
  • Methodologically suggest and process case studies of students with SEN

Competences are gained for the education of children/students with special education needs according to the law 379/2015 SB (amended) 563/2004 SB., about pedagogical workers. The knowledge, skills and approach gained during the studies are the foundation of the competences for the profession of teaching assistant in main stream education in supporting education with a focus on the issue of special pedagogy in schools for students with special educational needs and in special primary and lower secondary schools. The abovementioned competences also give full qualifications for work as a teacher in preschools and special preschools, a speech therapy assistant in preschools (with a specialization in speech therapy and the education of pupils with hearing impairments), an instructor in after school activity centres focused on special pedagogy problems, and in social services facilities. Thanks to the wide range and combinations of a wide span of fields students can also find work in many professions in public administration, company management, etc.


The profile of a graduate of Special Education is defined by the following gained knowledge: General (common core subjects), special and professional (special pedagogy foundation, specialization in special pedagogy)

Output knowledge – general, professional and specialized: general principles: pedagogy and psychology in joint foundation, foreign language (AJ, NJ), methodology, internationalization of the field of special education, introduction to special needs education, inclusive special pedagogy, special needs education assessment, pathopsychology, medical propedeutics (pediatric, neurology, ORL phoniatry, psychiatry, opthalmology), sociology for special needs teachers, social work and application of methods of social work for special needs teachers, --= - - Specialization: education of pupils with mental impairments, speech therapy, education of pupils with hearing impairment, physical disability, visual impairment and behavioural problems, health impairments in adulthood.

Social science and university foundation: 20%, special needs education foundation: 30%, medical propedeutics. 5%, Practical training: 30%

Field-dependent practical skills: 15%, The standard education time is 3 years (6 semesters) The students have to obtain 180 credits (required, selective and elective) to be able to take the final exam. The students follow the study catalogue of their matriculatory grade. They can access the catalogues on the faculty website.


Skilled continuous teaching practice – 1 day in a week

Skilled continual teaching practice– 1-4 weeks

Skilled continuous teaching practice– 2 – 1 day in a week

Skilled continual teaching practice– 2 – 2 weeks

Special pedagogy diagnostic teaching practice– 20 hours (combined students)

Special continual teaching practice – 40 hours (combined students)

The professional teaching practice is run according to the Manual for Teaching Practice (authors Bartoňová, M., Pipeková, J., Brno: MU, 2011). More info http://www.ped.muni.cz/wsedu.


The final state examination: Defence of the Bachelor's thesis (the topic will be special-pedagogy). See field standards of special pedagogy for the final thesis (http://www.ped.muni.cz/wsedu). Mandatory part – Inclusive special pedagogy (written test, 50 questions) Optional part – the student chooses one subject from group A and one subject from group B. If the student wants to continue in the Master's degree programme – Special pedagogy for Teachers, they will choose the subject the Education of Pupils with Mental Impairment from group B. The student will get 2 questions for the exam. Option A: Speech therapy and Education of pupils with mental impairment. Option B: Education of pupils with hearing impairments, physical disabilities, visual impairment, behavioural problems, education of pupils with mental impairment and health handicaps in adulthood.


The graduate of the Bachelor's degree in special pedagogy can continue on to study Special Education in Special Pedagogy, Special Pedagogy – Communication Techniques, Special Pedagogy for Teachers or Special Education for Adults in the daily or combined modes.


Field of study specifications

Field of Study: Special Education (eng.)
Abbreviation: SPZPA
Code: 7506R002
Type: Bachelor's degree programme
Degree: Bc.
Accreditation: to 31/12/2024
Programme: B7506 B-SPD Special Education
Faculty of Education
Field of study guaranteed by:
Faculty of Education
Field guarantor:
prof. PhDr. Marie Vítková, CSc.

Further information http://www.ped.muni.cz/wsedu.