Special Biology

Unity and diversity in biology

Bachelor's degree programme, full-time study mode, single-subject, Czech, 3 years 
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The Bachelor's study programme of Special Biology is designed to provide graduates with basic theoretical and practical skills in modern biology extended for the knowledge of special biological disciplines according to the selected specialization. The study in the first two years is based on the description of structure and function of living material on molecular, cellular, tissues, organ, organismal and population levels. The basic chemistry is also an important component of the education. At the beginning of the third semester, students have to choose one of the five study specializations reflecting their individual interests and their future Master's study programme. These five study specializations are Experimental Biology of Animals and Immunology, Experimental Biology of Plants, Microbiology and Molecular Biotechnology, Ecotoxicology and Anthropobiology and Anthropogenetics.


After successfully completing his/her studies the graduate is able to:

  • explain the structure of any kind of living organism, its basic characteristics and functioning
  • understand physiological processes in microorganisms, plants, and animals including man; for chosen specialization, this knowledge is more detailed
  • identify the organisms and place them in accordance to the recent system
  • formulate relations between living organisms and the environment
  • employ basic research methods commonly used in the chosen specialization
  • work efficiently in both biological and chemical laboratories
  • plan simple experiments and treat the obtained data statistically
  • communicate efficiently in English with emphasis on scientific communication, e.g. writing scientific reports or give oral presentations about the obtained results

Graduates of the Bachelor’s study programme of Special Biology are proficient in basic biological disciplines (cytology, histology, anatomy, physiology, etc.) as well as in basic botanical and zoological systematics and ecology. They can work in various experimental laboratories taking advantage of their practical skills obtained in various chemical and biological practical trainings. They can apply for jobs in academic institutions (e.g. institutes of the Czech Academy of the Sciences) as well as in state administration (e.g. nature and environment protection organs) or commercial spheres (e.g. breeding stations). However, Bachelor graduates are not able to perform independent research work like graduates of the Master's degree programme.


The standard duration of studies is six semesters. Courses are ranked as required, selectively required, recommended elective and other elective courses. Required courses constitute the basis of the discipline and include courses focused on writing a Bachelor’s thesis, a block of courses focused on sporting activities and a block of language courses completed by an examination in English for Specific Purposes at the B1 level. The standard demand for all six semesters is 180 credits. During the course of their studies, students should follow the Study Catalogue for their year of matriculation. They can access the Study Catalogues through the faculty website.


Not relevant for the programme.


The final state examination evaluates students' knowledge of logical context of facts obtained from courses of the whole Bachelor studies. One part of the final state examination is a Bachelor's thesis defence. The final state examinations for different specialisations consist of two written parts: one in a common subject of General Biology and one according to a given specialisation.

More information about graduation requirements can be found on the department's website http://www.sci.muni.cz/ueb/studium/bakalarske-studium/statni-zaverecna-zkouska/


After completion of the Bachelor's studies, it is possible to continue further studies in any Master's degree programme (after satisfying the admission requirements). At the Faculty of Science, students can apply directly for admission to the follow-up Master's study programme of Special Biology.


Field of study specifications

Field of Study: Special Biology
Abbreviation: SPBI
Code: 1501R026
Type: Bachelor's degree programme
Degree: Bc.
Accreditation: to 31/12/2024
Programme: B1530 B-EXB Experimental Biology
Faculty of Science
Field of study guaranteed by:
Faculty of Science
Field guarantor:
doc. RNDr. Martin Vácha, Ph.D.