General Linguistics

Language through thinking, thinking through language.

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A study of general linguistics is the way to understand the functioning of one of the innermost and most versatile human intellectual tools: language. There are several complementary paths that intertwine and lead toward this goal. During the study programme, the student will become familiar with basic principles of synchronic and diachronic linguistics, both structural and generative forms. Furthermore, attention is drawn to the etymology and history of linguistics in order to provide graduates with the widest possible methodological insights. Attention is paid to all aspects of linguistics: phonology and phonetics, phonology and morphology, syntax, and semantics, as well as to algebraic linguistics. Students also become familiar with several source languages of their choice. The student acquires the necessary tools to work with language, to understand the formation of speech acts, and to be able to analyse and generalize language means.


After successfully completing his/her studies the graduate is able to:

  • use both structural and generative methodologies of linguistics
  • independently analyse language data
  • improve language knowledge
  • know common foreign languages and the basics of two linguistically interesting languages

The achieved education profile qualifies graduates for further study of philology in a Master’s degree study programme or for the use of their acquired knowledge in practical work with language in fields like teaching, interpreting, translating, etc., or for practical applications such as editing, journalism, or any other field requiring good skills in working with native speakers of a foreign language.


The standard length of study is six semesters. It is necessary to earn a total of at least 180 credits for type A/required, type B/selective, and type C/elective. The courses focused on preparation for undergraduate work and for mandatory philosophy and language training count as type A/required credits. During the course of their studies, students should follow the study catalogue valid for their year of matriculation. The study catalogues for the individual years of matriculation are available at the Faculty of Arts website.


The final exam consists of three separate oral questions, given according to the list published on the website of the Institute of Linguistics one year in advance ( The final mark is an average of the partial scores for the given questions.

If a student concludes the study programme with a diploma, the defence of the thesis is also part of the final exam. If the student concludes the study programme as a non-diploma, a minor thesis is required.


After completing the Bachelor’s degree study programme, it is possible to continue further studies (after satisfying the admission requirements) in any related Master’s degree study programme in philology.


Field of study specifications

Field of Study: General Linguistics
Abbreviation: OJ
Code: 7310R115
Type: Bachelor's degree programme
Degree: Bc.
Accreditation: to 31/12/2024
Programme: B6107 B-HS Humanities
Faculty of Arts
Field of study guaranteed by:
Faculty of Arts