General Nurse – Field of study catalogue MU
Graduates of the General Nurse study programme are university-educated professionals who can work as general nurses in healthcare systems according to the requirements set by the European Union. By completing the three-year Bachelor’s degree programme, graduates earn the Bachelor (Bc.) degree. The study programme gives graduates professional qualifications to work as general nurses, which is a healthcare profession that does not require professional supervision, in the individual areas of healthcare (primary, secondary, and tertiary) to the full scope of practice set by the applicable legislation of the Czech Republic.
Objectives of the study programme regarding the direct relationship of a general nurse to individuals, families, and communities include the following areas:
As autonomous professionals, graduates can provide individual nursing care and support to individuals (both healthy and ill, persons with disabilities, and terminally ill individuals), families, and communities in harmony with the natural and social environment in which they live.
Based on the knowledge (in nursing, medicine, and social sciences) and skills (acquired during practical clinical training) obtained during their studies, graduates are able to assess the current state of health and biopsychosocial and spiritual needs of individuals in different age groups and life situations.
Based on the knowledge (in nursing, medicine, social sciences, IT, etc.) and skills (acquired during practical clinical training) obtained during their studies, graduates are able to provide and ensure comprehensive nursing care for individual needs of their clients. Their care aims to promote, strengthen, and maintain health and prevent disease and complications. When caring for terminally ill and dying people, respect, support, and meaningful presence are integral parts of the care.
Graduates are able to make autonomous nursing decisions concerning health care, prevention of disease, first aid, and nursing care for ill, disabled, and dying people. They are also able to justify, defend, and bear personal responsibility for these decisions.
Objectives related to the profession of general nurse:
Based on their knowledge, skills, social maturity, and attitude to individuals, families, and communities, graduates contribute to the professionalization of nursing, increasing the prestige and social standing of general nurses.
Graduates are familiar with the current state of development of nursing practice both in the Czech Republic and abroad and are able to critically assess the individual stages of historical, current, and expected developments in nursing, including the scope of practice, interventions, and activities of nurses.
Graduates are able to carry out nursing research or participate in it and to apply the findings of scientific research in their work.
Objectives related to the individual levels and areas of the healthcare system:
Graduates are familiar with the legal framework regulating the provision of health and social care and the power of state administration in the organization of health and social services.
Graduates are aware of the role of WHO in the world and in Europe and they are familiar with the executive bodies and administration system of the European Union.
General nurses provide basic and specialized nursing care in accordance with applicable laws and standards without professional supervision or indication to the extent of their expertise.
General nursing practice includes four basic areas of competence:
Independent (autonomous); dependent (cooperative); competence of general nurses in research and development; nursing management competence.
After successfully completing his/her studies the graduate is able to:
- Provide comprehensive individualized nursing care in accordance with the latest professional knowledge in nursing.
- Cooperate with the patient/client, with members of their family, and other carers during prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery.
- Provide instructions, recommendations, and advice regarding healthy lifestyle to promote and improve health and to promote the importance of preventive examinations and monitoring.
- Record and protect any information about the patient/client.
- Identify deviations from health and help the patient/client to meet their biopsychosocial and spiritual needs or resolve problems related to health or disease.
- Assist physicians in diagnostic and therapeutic activities and provide these procedures as indicated by the physician.
- Make independent decisions in all situations within his/her scope of practice.
- Use adequate verbal and nonverbal communication techniques to prevent harming the patient; and to respect the rights of patients in accordance with applicable legislation.
- Include the patient/client in planning the nursing activities.
- Revise the nursing care plan due to changes in the needs of the patient/client.
- Coordinate, delegate,and evaluate nursing activities within his/her scope of practice.
- Consult the nursing care plan with the team and ensure that individual members of a multidisciplinary team have all the information.
- Actively participate in nursing research and apply the findings in practice in line with the latest trends in nursing.
- Continuously learn about modern methods and procedures in nursing and other healthcare and social fields that help to restore the health of patients/clients to the highest possible degree and at the highest possible professional level.
Graduates can find employment within the changing structure of healthcare and social services that are provided in both state and private (both inpatient and outpatient) facilities and institutions. General nurses may work in services providing care for adolescents, adults, the elderly, families, and communities as well as to the mentally ill, chronically ill, or dying individuals.
The ongoing reform of the healthcare system is based on reducing the ever-increasing costs, increasing the efficiency of health services, developing primary (basic) care and ensuring availability of primary care services. These fundamental principles serve as the basis for the new framework of professional education, scope of practice, and responsibilities of regulated healthcare professions.
Graduates of the General Nurse programme receive extensive systemic knowledge about nursing and can specialize in a number of specific areas within nursing care and services after graduation based on their preferences, including childcare, care for the elderly, home care, community care, family care, hospital care (standard or specialized), mental health care, care for persons with disabilities, drug addiction care, oncology care, palliative/hospice care, etc.
By qualifying as general nurses, graduates become flexible on the job market, which is an important economic requirement. The study programme allows them to obtain the “EU registration” and a licence to practice in EU member states.
The standard length of a Bachelor’s study programme is six semesters. During the course of their studies, students must meet the requirements set for professional education of nurses as well as university requirements for minimum language and physical skills, which are included in the total number of ECTS credits.
Prior to taking their final state exam, students have to obtain at least 180 credits in required and selective courses. There are also elective courses, which serve to broaden the students’ knowledge and skills.
Students are required to follow the course catalogue for their programme during the course of their studies. Course catalogues can be found on the Faculty of Medicine website. Students must provide evidence that they gained experience with specific interventions as stipulated by a regulation of the Ministry of Health and submit their Bachelor’s thesis before taking their final state examination.
Practical training is part of the curriculum from first to sixth semester (2,300 hours total) and takes place at the University Hospital Brno. The number of credits awarded for practical training is indicated in the course catalogue. Individual practical training takes place during the holidays, totalling 2 x 160 hours (at the end of the first and second year) for students in both full-time and combined (part-time) study mode. Students need to provide evidence that they completed the requirements for practical courses: records of the required number of hours of training, records of provided interventions in the logbooks, and evaluation by their practical training mentor/lecturer. Knowledge and skills acquired in the practical training are tested in the first and second semester in the Nursing Practice course exam.
Practical training is further extended by courses in clinical practice, which take place at accredited facilities.
Practical training allows students to gradually obtain the experience needed to become general nurses, apply theoretical knowledge in practice, and work in teams.
100% attendance in practical training is required.
The final state examination consists of a Bachelor’s thesis defence and oral exams in individual subject areas (courses): Nursing and the Social Sciences, Nursing in Internal Medicine and Nursing in Surgery.
The two-year Master's study programme in Intensive Care (both full-time and combined or part-time study mode) is designed for graduates of the Nursing or General Nurse Bachelor’s study programme.
1. Applicants must have completed a full-length professional secondary education with a (state) secondary school leaving exam that qualifies them for enrolling in a university study programme (Act no. 111/1998 Coll.).
2. Applicants must meet the health requirements for the programme as stipulated by applicable legislation.
3. Applicants must meet the requirements of the university admission procedure in accordance with section 49 (5) of Act No. 111/1998 Coll.
4. Applicants from outside the Czech Republic can enrol in this study programme provided that all the Czech legal requirements are met.
The full-time study mode is designed for secondary school graduates who successfully passed the secondary school leaving exam.
Applicants for the combined (part-time) form of the programme need to submit a certificate showing that they are entitled to practice as general nurses (Osvědčení k výkonu zdravotnického povolání bez odborného dohledu v oboru Všeobecná sestra) in accordance with Act no. 96/2004 Coll. and a confirmation from their employer stating that they actively practice their profession. In these cases, the extent of compulsory nursing practice will be reduced to 80 hours; all other students will be required to attend practical nursing training in the extent required by the full-time study mode.
Website of the Department of Nursing: http://www.med.muni.cz/nursing/