General and Molecular Genetics

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At present, modern genetics is a combination of three original branches: classical genetics, molecular genetics, and population genetics. On one hand, it studies the mechanisms of hereditary traits, and at the same time applies this knowledge to the investigation of the basic biological processes and phenomena. The doctoral study programme of Genetics at the Faculty of Science generally consists of the study of the genomes of eukaryotes in relation to the normal and pathological function of their genes. The programme focuses on both plants and animals, including man. The plant studies are especially aimed at molecular genetic analysis of genes (including alien genes), and at the investigation of their occurrence in model plants and crops (Arabidopsis thaliana, Nicotiana tabacum, Silene sp., Hordeum, and others.). The research on animals is directed toward the genetic structure of populations. In human populations, a particular focus is on the molecular diagnostics of pre-natal and post-natal pathological conditions by cytogenic methods, and on the detection of genetic factors associated with some polygenetically-based disorders.

During their first year, graduates in General and Molecular Genetics acquire a broad-based theoretical knowledge, including methodology of biological sciences, biostatistics, risk analysis, environmental protection, biotechnology, etc. For the entire standard period of studies, each student takes courses that deepen their knowledge in the field of genetics, especially as concerns the subject of their doctoral thesis. These specialized lectures and courses prepare graduates for an independent application of knowledge and methods in research work. The study programme is also aimed at enhancing the ability of graduates to publish their results and to lecture at seminars and scientific fora both in Czech and English languages.


After successfully completing his/her studies the graduate is able to:

  • independently and creatively work in the areas of general and molecular genetics with the focus on plant, animal and human genetics
  • publish research results in domestic and foreign specialized magazines
  • present their results at seminars and conferences both in Czech and English languages

Graduates of Molecular Genetics find employment in basic and applied research as independent scientists, especially in the institutes of the Czech Academy of Sciences, in health care services, and in many other sectors.


This doctoral programme is focused on research and individual practical or theoretical creative work. To get admitted to the doctoral study programme, students are obliged to successfully complete the Master's study programme. The standard duration of the studies is four years. It can be extended up to seven years (study interruption included). The study form can be full-time or combined. Students are required to follow the customized study plan. The study is completed with a final state examination and a doctoral thesis defence.


After fulfilling all the requirements of their customized study plans and after acquiring at least 240 credits, each student submits an application to take the doctoral state examination and to defend their doctoral thesis. Students can take the examination and thesis defence concurrently or at different times. However, they may be admitted to the thesis defence only after the successful completion of the final state examination.


Field of study specifications

Field of Study: General and Molecular Genetics
Abbreviation: OMG
Code: 1504V004
Type: doctoral degree programme
Degree: Ph.D.
Accreditation: to 31/12/2024
Programme: P1527 D-BI4 Biology (4-years)
Faculty of Science
Field of study guaranteed by:
Faculty of Science