Bi4060en Plant Physiology

Faculty of Science
Spring 2021

The course is not taught in Spring 2021

Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. Ing. Miloš Barták, CSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. Ing. Miloš Barták, CSc.
Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: Mgr. Michaela Bednaříková, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites
(! Bi4060 Plant physiology ) && ! NOWANY ( Bi4060 Plant physiology )
The course is intended for students who are interested in background of physiological processes in plants ranging from subcellular to organ and individual level.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of this course the student will be able to understand and explain the basic and specialized mechanisms of physiological processes in plants on cellular level with some overlaps to tissue, organ and individual levels.
Learning outcomes
At the end of this course the student will be able to: (1) use basic terminology in plant stress physiology (2) understand background of physiological processes in plants including molecular, biochemica, and biophysicam mechanisms (3) describe principles of measurements methods used in recent plant physiology (4) be familiar with modern trends in plant physiology
Syllabus
  • Lectures of the course Bi4060en Plant Physiology will cover the following main topics: (1) General characteristics of plant physiology, basic terminology, classification of particular fields (2) Scaling of physiological processes from subcellular to organism level (3) Physiological processes related to uptake of nutrients and their metabolization on cell and organ level (4) Principals of photosynthesis (biophysical and biochemical processes in chloroplast and photosynthetizing cells), Regulation of photosynthesis on a leaf-level (5) Alocation of carbohydrates, mechanisms driving their transport and utilization, principals of growth and development (6) Sugar signaling and growth control (7) Protective mechanisms exploited during photoinhibition and temperature stress (8) Biological oxidation on cellular level, principles of plant stress physiology, antioxidative mechanisms (9) Transpiration, cell and organ water relations, respiration (general pathways and regulatory mechanisms) (10) Phytohormones and growth regulators (auxins, gibberelins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, ethylene, brassinosteroids, jasmonic acid, polyamines, oligopeptides, strigolactones) (11) Secondary metabolites (terpenoids, phenols, alkaloids, porphyrins) (12) Molecular Plant physiology (molecular markers, stress proteins) (13) In-vitro plant cultures (micropropagation, meristem culters, callus cultures, in-vtro hyridization, cryopreservation, transgenossis, GMOs) (14) Principles of plant nanotechnologies and biotechnologies (15) Challenges and case studies in plant physiology
Literature
    required literature
  • TAIZ, Lincoln and Eduardo ZEIGER. Plant physiology. 5th ed. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates, 2010. xxxiv, 782. ISBN 9780878938667. info
    recommended literature
  • Stress signaling in plants : genomics and proteomics perspective. Edited by Maryam Sarwat - Altaf Ahmad - M. Z. Abdin. New York: Springer, 2013. xi, 233. ISBN 9781461463719. info
Teaching methods
Lectures consisting of (1) oral presentations of particular topic(s) supported by PowerPoint presentations and problem-oriented (interactive) teaching
Assessment methods
Final written test (if successful, i.e. at least 50 % of right answers) followed by oral exam. Both written test (typically 16 questions) and oral exam are evaluated separately. Final grade is a mean of the two, i.e. written and oral parts.
Language of instruction
English
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.

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