BKP_OPR1 Business Law I

Faculty of Economics and Administration
Spring 2020
Extent and Intensity
13/0/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
JUDr. Jindřiška Šedová, CSc. (alternate examiner)
Mgr. Zdeněk Houdek (lecturer)
JUDr. Jaromír Kožiak, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. JUDr. Michal Petr, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Ing. Mgr. Radek Ruban, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
JUDr. Jindřiška Šedová, CSc.
Department of Law - Faculty of Economics and Administration
Contact Person: JUDr. Jindřiška Šedová, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Law - Faculty of Economics and Administration
Timetable
Sat 29. 2. 13:00–15:50 P302a, Sat 28. 3. 15:00–17:50 P302a
Prerequisites
The course builds on the basic knowledge and skills in the area:
- teory of the law
- corporate economics.
Students get the knowledge in the Basic Law course and the Corporate Economics.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The main goal of this course is to acquaint the students with fundamental institutes of the business law. Introductory part deals with enactment of business, position of entrepreneur and Register of Companies. The second part focuses on types of commercial companies, particularly enactment of incorporation, creation and extinction of a commercial company is explained. The enactment of property relations in a trading company and legal status of partners is also clarified. In the third part, fundamentals of the enactment of commercial legal contractual relationship, enactment of individual types of commercial contracts and their hedging are explained.

At the end of this course students will be able:
- to explain the basic legal rules of individual forms of commercial companies;
- to analyze legal rules of ownership rights application by commercial companies partners;
- to get acquainted with problems of partner’s guarantee for company liabilities;
- to make reasoned decisions about legal claims of creditors of companies;
- to analyze risks associated with making commercial contracts;
- to understand meaning of commercial liabilities and guarantee;
- to work with basic legal documents of Business Law in order to be able to interpret and apply these documents to concrete facts from the corporate environment.
Learning outcomes
At the end of this course students will be able:
- to explain the basic legal rules of individual forms of business corporations;
- to analyze legal rules of ownership rights application by business corporation partners;
- to get acquainted with problems of partner’s guarantee for company liabilities;
- to make reasoned decisions about legal claims of creditors of companies;
- to work with basic legal documents of private law in order to be able to interpret and apply them to concrete facts from the corporate environment.
Syllabus
  • Lectures:
  • a) general conditions for business activity and its entities. Entrepreneurs, conditions for business activity, corporate name.
  • b) legal negotiation in business activity.
  • - authorized representatives of business organizations;
  • - manner of acting on behalf of a company, bindig effect of legal acts made on behalf of the company, proctor´s actions;
  • - Commercial Register.
  • c) Business activity of foreign persons.
  • 2. Business organizations I
  • a) general regulation of business organization. Classification of business organization.
  • b) Comparison (differences) – unlimited liability company (v.o.s. CZ), limited partnership company (k.s. CZ), limited liability company (s.r.o. CZ), joint stock company (a.s. CZ).
  • - preconditions for creation of business organizations;
  • - property owned by company (contribution, registered capital, share in business, corporate assets and liabilities and their functions);
  • - vital preconditions for creation and incorporation of a business organization, compulsory bodies and their power;
  • - dissolution, extinction; dissolution of a company with liquidation, dissolution of a company without liquidation.
  • 3. Business organizations II
  • a) comparison (differences), unlimited liability company (v.o.s. CZ), limited partnership company (k.s. CZ), limited liability company (s.r.o. CZ), joint stock company (a.s. CZ).
  • - risks undertaken by and responsibility of authorised representatives, presumption of liability, circumstances excluding liability, authorized representatives´ liability, competition ban, due diligence, managerial contract;
  • - rights and responsibilities of members, their participation in company´s management, minority rights, settlement among members due to cessation of participation in a company;
  • - members´ liability, property liability of a business organization.
  • b) Conversion of business organization.
  • c) Company division.
  • d) Change in a legal form of a company.
  • e) Merger.
  • f) Holding company.
  • - real holding company and contractual holding company;
  • - contract to control the company;
  • - relationship between the controlling and controlled person not regulated by the contract to control the company.
  • 5. Commercial liabilities.
  • Commercial contracts overview. Contract of sale vs. Contract for work done.
  • 6. Commercial disputes resolution in judicial proceedings. Bankruptcy and manners of its resolution.
Literature
    required literature
  • RUBAN, Radek, Jaromír KOŽIAK and Zdeněk HOUDEK. Cvičebnice korporátního práva. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2018. 205 pp. Učebnice č. 541. ISBN 978-80-210-9004-0. info
  • Zákon č.90/2012 Sb., zákon o obchodních korporacích, v pozdějším znění
    recommended literature
  • Zákon č.89/2012 Sb., občanský zákoník, v pozdějším znění
  • 1. Bělohlávek, A. a kol. Komentář k zákonu o obchodních korporacích. Vyd.: první. Plzeň: Vydavatelství a nakladatelství Aleš Čeněk, s. r. o., 2013. ISBN 978-80-7380-451-0.
  • Šedová, J. Studijní texty „Korporátní právo“. ESF MU. Portál výuky právních předmětů ESF: Webová adresa: http://pravoesf.econ.muni.cz/. Informace o přístupových právech k webové aplikaci jsou zveřejněny v IS/Studijní materiály předmětu/Učební texty/.
  • Zákon č. 455/1991 Sb., o živnostenském podnikání, v pozdějším znění
Teaching methods
Tutorials are scheduled in two three-hour blocks; the content corresponds to the topics as follows: 1. tutorial: Topic 1-3; 2. tutorial: Topic 4-6.
Assessment methods
The course is carried out through distance learning. It finishes with a written exam.The students are allowed to take the final exam after they have written and handed over their seminar work which has been marked by their tutor (POT) within a set time schedule.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
General note: Doporučuje se absolvovat předmět Základy práva.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: tutorial 6 hodin.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2020, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/econ/spring2020/BKP_OPR1