## bp1854 Biomechanics

Faculty of Sports Studies
Spring 2017
Extent and Intensity
1/1. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Miriam Kalichová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Kateřina Kolářová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Roman Kolínský (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
doc. Mgr. Martin Zvonař, Ph.D.
Department of Kinesiology - Faculty of Sports Studies
Supplier department: Department of Kinesiology - Faculty of Sports Studies
Timetable
Tue 11:20–12:05 A11/311
• Timetable of Seminar Groups:
bp1854/01: Wed 10:45–11:30 A11/206, M. Kalichová, R. Kolínský
Prerequisites
bp1131 Biology && bp1852 Biochemistry && bp1830 Anatomy I && bp1837 Introduction to Physiotherapy - Propedeutics I && bp1803 Kineziotherapy && bp1138 Diagnostics methods I && bp1863 Physical Therapy I && bp1895 Applied Physical Therapy I
bp1830
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of this course, students should be able: to explain the fundamental mechanics laws and principles, to synthesize these knowledges with biologicals systems knowledges earlier acquired, to apply the bases of this synergetic discipline to human motion system and to sports movement.
Syllabus
• Definition of biomechanics, importace, history. Physical base of biomechanics: line coordinates, scalares, vectores, units. Kinematics: mass point, distance, velocity, acceleration, straight motion, accelerated motion, cirgular motion, motions in field of gravity of Earth, describing motion with graphs. Dynamics: force, Newton's Laws, effects of force, deformations, Hook's Law, momentum and its conservation, impulse, centripetal force, inertial force, D'Alambert's Principle. Mechanics of rigid body: moment of force, principle of moments, centre of gravity, equilibrium positions, statics, frictional force, air resistance force, inclined plane, lever systems. Mechanical energy, work, power, conservation of energy. Biological base of biomechanics: The geometry of the human body (anatomical planes and directions, body segments, kinematic chain, weight and center of gravity segments, center of gravity, moment of inertia segments) Rheology (rheological models) The mechanical properties of biomaterials (stiffness, elasticity, hardness, relaxation and creep, fatigue) The mechanical properties of bone tissue (bone stress and deformation, elastic and plastic deformation, bone remodeling) The mechanical properties of cartilage, tendons and ligaments (cartilage lubrication, hysteresis elastic fibers, the relationship between stress and strain, tissue viscoelasticity) The mechanical properties of skeletal muscles (mechanical properties, gradation of muscle tension, Hill model, the dependence on the parameters of muscle force of muscular contraction) Biomechanics of control subsystems (generation and spread impulses, load of nerve tissue) Biomechanics motion segments (mechanical triad, decomposition muscle force, muscle moment of force, lever principle of movement in the joints, types of levers in the human body, model examples)
Literature
required literature
• KALICHOVÁ, Miriam, Josef BALÁŽ, Petr BEDŘICH and Martin ZVONAŘ. Základy biomechaniky tělesných cvičení (Basic biomechanics of physical excercises). 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2011. 193 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-5551-3. info
• Úvod do biomechaniky pohybového systému člověka. Edited by Miroslav Janura. 1. vyd. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého, 2003. 84 s. ISBN 8024406446. info
recommended literature
• BALÁŽ, Jozef. Vybrané kapitoly z biomechaniky. 2. vyd. Bratislava: Peter Mačura - PEEM, 2005. 82 s. ISBN 8089917256. info
• Přehled středoškolské fyziky. Edited by Emanuel Svoboda. 3. vyd. Praha: Prometheus, 1998. 497 s., ob. ISBN 80-7196-116-7. info
• VAVERKA, František. Základy biomechaniky pohybového systému člověka. 2. vyd. Olomouc: Vydavatelství Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci, 1997. 40 s. ISBN 8070677279. info
• KOVAŘÍK, Vladimír and František LANGER. Biomechanika tělesných cvičení. Vyd. 2. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 1994. 79 s. ISBN 8021008385. info
• KARAS, Vladimír, Stanislav OTÁHAL and Petr SUŠANKA. Biomechanika tělesných cvičení. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1990. 180 s. ISBN 8004205542. info
Teaching methods
theoretical presentations, applications on exercises
Assessment methods
seminar work, written test, oral exam
Language of instruction
Czech