np2503 Biomechanics of human body motion

Faculty of Sports Studies
Autumn 2018
Extent and Intensity
1/1/0. 5 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Mgr. Miriam Kalichová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. Mgr. Martin Zvonař, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. Mgr. Martin Zvonař, Ph.D.
Department of Kinesiology - Faculty of Sports Studies
Supplier department: Department of Kinesiology - Faculty of Sports Studies
Thu 13:00–13:50 A11/236
  • Timetable of Seminar Groups:
np2503/01: Thu 14:00–14:50 A11/236, M. Kalichová
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Outcomes of the course is to acquaint the student with the mechanical properties of the locomotive apparatus and to explain the principle of the mechanical loading of the individual body parts, further to clarify how this knowledge can be applied in the analysis of the human body movement as well as in the sports conditioning preparation.
Learning outcomes
At the end of biomechanics studies the student will be able to:
- explain basic mechanical laws and principles of human body movement
- define the mechanical properties of the locomotor system tissues
- synthesize this knowledge with previously acquired knowledge about selected biological subsystems
- to clarify the mechanical load of the locomotive apparatus in basic locomotive movements as well as in sports movements
  • Lectures:
  • 1. Structure and behavior of the musculoskeletal system
  • 2. Determination of the basic parameters of the human body, its segments and the center of gravity of the body
  • 3. Rheology (rheological models), mechanical properties of the tissues forming the passive and active subsystem of the locomotor apparatus (stiffness, elasticity, hardness, relaxation and creep, material fatigue, load and deformation relationship, muscle tone gradation, hysteresis curve, Hill's three-element model, parameters of muscle contraction)
  • 4. Mechanical principle of movement of the human body (biomechanics of musculoskeletal system): biomechanics of joints, spine, long and short bones and muscle biomechanics
  • 5. Diagnosis of mechanical loading of the musculoskeletal system in sport
  • 6. Mechanics of basic human locomotive movements
  • Seminars:
  • In the seminars, students will present methods of motion analysis of the human body and its mechanical load in sports practice based on the study of professional publications.
    required literature
  • Janura, M. (2003). Úvod do biomechaniky pohybového systému člověka. 1. vyd. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci. 84 s.
  • Kalichová, M., Baláž, J., Bedřich P. & Zvonař, M. (2011). Základy biomechaniky tělesných cvičení. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita. 193 s.
    recommended literature
  • Vaverka, F. (1997). Základy biomechaniky pohybového systému člověka. 2. vyd. Olomouc: Vydavatelství Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci. 40 s.
  • Herman, I. P. (2007). Physics of the human body. Berlin: Springer, 2007.
  • Valenta, J. & Konvičková, S. (1996). Biomechanika člověka. Díl 1, Svalově kosterní systém. Praha: Vydavatelství ČVUT.
  • Nordin, M. & Frankel, V. H. (2001). Basic biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Brinckmann, P., Frobin, W. & Leivseth, G. (2002). Musculoskeletal biomechanics. Stuttgart: New York: Thieme.
Teaching methods
theoretical lectures; study of scientific texts; presentation.
Assessment methods
- attendance: 70% active participation in seminars (in seminars an active presentation of students on topics dealing with methods of diagnosing the movement of the human body and its mechanical load in sports practice)
- oral examination to prove knowledge corresponding to the lectured issue
The final mark will reflect the mark of the oral exam and the level of the presentation in the seminars.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2017.
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