BPEM011p Embryology - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2019
Extent and Intensity
1/0/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
doc. MVDr. Aleš Hampl, CSc. (lecturer)
PharmDr. Zuzana Holubcová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Soňa Kloudová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Irena Lauschová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc.
Department of Histology and Embryology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Histology and Embryology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Timetable
each odd Friday 10:00–11:40 KOM 332
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Course objectives
At the end of the course students should be able to:
1. Describe gamete development, explain principle of meiosis and regulation of gametogenesis.
2. Define the early embryonic development as well as development of fetal membranes, placenta and umbilical cord.
3. Characterize stages of embryonic development, describe the development of individual organ systems of human body.
4. Explain the mechanism of the origin of some developmental anomalies.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students should be able to:
1. Describe gamete development, explain principle of meiosis and regulation of gametogenesis.
2. Define the early embryonic development as well as development of fetal membranes, placenta and umbilical cord.
3. Characterize stages of embryonic development, describe the development of individual organ systems of human body.
4. Explain the mechanism of the origin of some developmental anomalies.
Syllabus
  • 1. Embryology - definition. The object and the significance of the embryology, its correlation with other branches of medicine. The phases of the human ontogeny. Teratology – critical periods for the origin of congenital anomalies.
  • 2. Human gametes - their structure and development, regulation of gametogenesis (ovarian and menstrual cycles).
  • 3. Fertilization and cleavage, blastocyst, implantation. Yolk and amniotic sac.
  • 4. The development of the germ disc: origin of the intraembryonic mesoderm and notogenesis (development of the chorda dorsalis). Development of external form of the embryo and fetus (including development of limbs).
  • 5. Fetal membranes, development of placenta and umbilical cord. Structure and function of the placenta. Anomalies of the placenta. Origin of multiple pregnancies and arrangement of fetal membranes.
  • 6. Lenght of pregnancy, calculation of the date of parturition. Intrauterine fetal growth, monthly position of the uterus during pregnancy. Presentation, position and posture of fetus. Marks of mature and full-term fetus.
  • 7. The development of cardiovascular system – primitive blood circulation, development of the heart.
  • 8. Fetal blood circulation and changes after birth. An overview of congenital malformations of heart.
  • 9. Pharyngeal apparatus. Development of face, oral and nasal cavities. Development of tongue. Clefts (cheilo-, gnatho-, palatoschisis).
  • 10. An overview of the digestive system – primitive gut and its derivatives. An overview of the respiratory system (respiratory passages and lung, maturity of lung).
  • 11. Development of urinary system.
  • 12. Development of reproductive system.
  • 13. Development of nervous system and the eye.
  • 14. Consultations.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • ČECH, Svatopluk, Drahomír HORKÝ and Miroslava SEDLÁČKOVÁ. Přehled embryologie člověka. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2011. 187 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-5414-1. info
    not specified
  • MALÍNSKÝ, Jiří and Václav LICHNOVSKÝ. Přehled embryologie člověka v obrazech. 2. přeprac. vyd. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého, 2003. 176 s. ISBN 8024402432. info
  • VACEK, Zdeněk. Embryologie : učebnice pro studenty lékařství a oborů všeobecná sestra a porodní asistentka. 1. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2006. 255 s. ISBN 9788024712673. info
  • MOORE, K.L. and T.V.N. PERSAUD. Zrození člověka- Embryologie s klinickým zaměřením. (překlad 6. vydání). Praha: ISV nakladatelství, 2002. 564 pp. ISBN 80-85866-94-3. info
Teaching methods
lecture
Assessment methods
The course is concluded by oral examination. Student will answer 1 question of general embryology and 1 question of special embryology (development of body systems).
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 14.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018, autumn 2020, autumn 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (autumn 2019, recent)
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