BSLF011p Medical Biophysics - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2019
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
doc. RNDr. Jiřina Škorpíková, CSc. (alternate examiner)
Mgr. Vladan Bernard, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Erik Staffa, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Marta Vágnerová (assistant)
Guaranteed by
doc. RNDr. Jiřina Škorpíková, CSc.
Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: doc. RNDr. Jiřina Škorpíková, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Timetable
Tue 15:20–17:00 N03009/209
Prerequisites
Commen level of high school knowledge in physics
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the of the course students should be able: understand and explain biophysical principlesand laws;master biophysical methods in of the main devices;evaluate obtained data by the basic biophysical methods in light of a effective,safe and efficient attitude to their use; understand principles of the more comples terapeutical and diagnostical nedical devices;master basic principles of the so-called physiological biophysics and molecular biophysics.The student has to obtain not only the necessary scientific knowledge but also the future more general additional nurse education.
Learning outcomes
After finishing the course the students will - understand basic principles of the devices used in medicine, including possible risks (mechanical, electromagnetic, light and connected with inonising radiation), be able of safe and efficient attitude to their use, understand principles of the so-called physiological biophysics (blood circulation, respiration), and biophysics of sensory organs.
Syllabus
  • Introduction into medical biophysics.Physical principles of medical technology.
  • Introduction. Biophysical view on structure of matter. Biological effects of ionising radiation.
  • Introduction into molecular biophysics.
  • Thermodynamic processes in living organisms.
  • Biophysics of biomembranes. Bioelectric phenomena.
  • Biophysics of cardiovascular and respiratory system.
  • Biophysical function of sensory receptors. Biophysics of hearing and vision.
  • Effects of mechanical forces, acoustic fields, electromagnetic fields and non-ionising radiation on the living organisms.
  • Biosignals and their processing.Conventional X-ray imaging methods. Modern tomographic methods (CT, MRI).
  • Radionuclide diagnostics.Methods and instruments for ionising radiation therapy.
  • Measurement and registration of temperature, mechanical quantities.
  • Optical diagnostic instruments.Electrodiagnostic methods.
  • Ultrasound imaging. Ultrasound Doppler and duplex methods.
  • Methods and instruments used in physiotherapy and surgery. P> Artificial body organs.
  • Free theme.
Literature
  • MORNSTEIN, Vojtěch, Vladan BERNARD, Marek DOSTÁL, Ivo HRAZDIRA, Erik STAFFA, Jaromír ŠRÁMEK and Daniel VLK. Lékařská fyzika a biofyzika (Medical Phasics and Biophysics). 1. vydání. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2018. 339 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-8984-6. info
  • HRAZDIRA, Ivo, Vojtěch MORNSTEIN and Jiřina ŠKORPÍKOVÁ. Základy biofyziky a zdravotnické techniky. 1. vydání. Brno: Neptun, 2006. 312 stran. ISBN 8086850013. info
  • NAVRÁTIL, Leoš and Jozef ROSINA. Medicínská biofyzika. 1. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2005. 524 s. ISBN 9788024711522. info
Teaching methods
Lectures - www.med.muni.cz
Assessment methods
The practical exercises in Biophysics are compulsory, missing practicals have to be substituted. The exam has theoretical character but can be done only with the credits gained for practicals. The oral part consists of 3 questions as a rule. The examined student has to be able explain the problems and characterise their possible clinical importance.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Information on completion of the course: Předmět je ukončen ústní zkouškou, kde student si vylosuje 3 otázky.
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
General note: Předmět je ukončen zkouškou, kde student si vylosuje 3 otázky.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 30.
Teacher's information
http://www.med.muni.cz/biofyz
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018.
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