FPBI01 Biology - Foundation programmeFaculty of Medicine
- Extent and Intensity
- 2/3/0. Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Other types of completion: z (credit).
- Ing. Lívia Eiselleová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Ivana Hradilová Svíženská, CSc. (lecturer)
RNDr. Michaela Račanská, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Iva Slaninová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Bc. Helena Melicharová (assistant)
- Guaranteed by
- doc. MUDr. Iva Slaninová, Ph.D.
Department of Biology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Supplier department: Faculty of Medicine
- Basic knowledge of high-school biology.
- Course Enrolment Limitations
- The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
The capacity limit for the course is 40 student(s).
Current registration and enrolment status: enrolled: 0/40, only registered: 0/40
- fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
- Foundation programme (programme LF, C-CV)
- Course objectives
- The course prepare students for biology entrance exam to Faculty of Medicine. After completion of the course student: understands elementary cellular processes, basics of genetics and basics of anatomy and physiology of the human body. Knowledge is on the level of high school biology.
- Learning outcomes
- Student knows the structure of bacterial and eucaryotic cells, comprehends the basic cellular processes, principles of storage and expression of genetic information, principles of inheritance, Mendel laws, knows basics of somatology, structure of tissues, organs, comprehends basic physiology of organ systems, knows basics of ecology and evolution. Student is also able to apply this knowledge and skills in entrance exam on biology.
- 1) General characteristics of living systems. Origins of the live. Origin of the cells. Basics of Evolution. Chemical evolution. Paleontological evidence of the earliest forms of life. Darwinian evolution. Classification of living systems. Acellular organisms. Viruses. 2) Cells. Cell theory. Chemical composition of the cell. Structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, saccharides and lipids. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell – basic differences. Prokaryotic cell – characteristics. Bacteria. Cyanobacteria. Medically important prokaryotic cells. 3) Eukaryotic cell. Plant, fungal, animal cells. Structure and function of biomembranes. Osmosis. Transport of molecules into and out of the cell. Endocytosis and exocytosis. 4) Organelles of the cell. Structure and function of nucleus, ER, GA, mitochondria, lysosomes. Cytoskeleton and cell movement. 5) Genetic information. DNA. Chromosome. Replication. Expression of genetic information – transcription, translation. RNA. Protein. Control test 6) Cell division. Cell cycle. Cancer cell. Mitosis. Meiosis. 7) Basics of genetics. Gene. Mendel´s laws. Mutations. Karyotype. 8) Autosomal and gonosomal inheritance. 9) Medically important organisms- yeasts, molds, plants, protozoa, worms and insects. Milestones in biology and medicine. Excursion Mendel Museum 10) Introduction into somatology. Tissues of the human body. Skin and its function. Body temperature and its maintance. Control test. 11) Skeleton and muscles. Excursion to Anatomical museum of Prof. Karel Žlábek. 12) Digestive system and nutrition. 13) Respiratory system and its function. 14) Urinary system. Male genital system. Female genital system. 15) Human development. Evolution of Homo sapiens. Control test. Excursion to the Anthropos Pavilion. 16) Circulatory system. Lymph and its circulation. 17) Blood. Blood groups and transfusion. Defense mechanisms. 18) Nervous system. Senses. 19) Endocrine glands. Control test. 20) Ecology. Abiotic and biotic factors. Biosphere. Ecosystems. Population explosion. Final Test.
- required literature
- CAMPBELL, Neil A., Jane B. REECE, Lisa A. URRY, Michael L. CAIN, Steven A. WASSERMAN, Peter V. MINORSKY and Rob JACKSON. Biology : a global approach. Global edition. Boston: Pearson, 2015. 1351 stran. ISBN 9781292008653. info
- Teaching methods
- lecture and seminar
- Assessment methods
- Lecture and seminar attendance is compulsory. During the course students takes the entrance test and four progress tests. Course is completed with the final test. The test is based on knowledge of all course topics.
- Language of instruction
- Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
- The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
- Teacher's information
Students are obliged to follow the Interactive syllabus of the course where they can find all relevant information (schedule, substitutions, public holidays etc.), and also corresponding study literature for each week. The required text books can be borrowed from the Campus university library.