MNNE081c Nutritional epidemiology - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
spring 2021
Extent and Intensity
0/1/0. 1 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Taught partially online.
Teacher(s)
prof. MUDr. Bc. Zuzana Derflerová Brázdová, DrSc. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Jindřich Fiala, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Martin Forejt, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Eliška Hrežová (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Kamila Jančeková, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
doc. MUDr. Jana Janoutová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
doc. MUDr. Petr Kachlík, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Aleš Peřina, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Bc. Tomáš Pruša (seminar tutor)
RNDr. Ondřej Zvěřina, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Ing. Veronika Išová (assistant)
MVDr. Halina Matějová (assistant)
Guaranteed by
doc. MUDr. Jindřich Fiala, CSc.
Department of Public Health - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: MVDr. Halina Matějová
Supplier department: Department of Public Health - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Timetable
Wed 3. 3. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 10. 3. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 17. 3. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 24. 3. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 31. 3. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 7. 4. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 14. 4. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 21. 4. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 28. 4. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 5. 5. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 12. 5. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 19. 5. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 26. 5. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 2. 6. 14:00–15:40 C15/309, Wed 9. 6. 14:00–15:40 C15/309
Prerequisites
MNAB0711s Applied biochemistry

Prerequisites according to the MU study and examination regulations.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Nutritional epidemiology focuses on the relationship between nutrition and the incidence of disease. The basic starting point is a good deal with the general principles of epidemiological studies, which further develops the specific methodological approaches for the evaluation of the various parameters of the diet and nutrition. The specific result of the use of adequate methodological approaches is then the evaluation of the relationship of nutrition to the risk to the most specific groups of diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, osteoporosis, and more, and the ability to define the relevant risk and protective factors according to the current state of knowledge. In the context of mastering the subject we assume knowledge of all the essential theoretical principles, and also practical mastery of the methodology regarding the individual evaluation of nutrition, in particular, within the meaning of anamnestic methods of evaluating the characteristics of the diet, but also the methods of evaluation of nutritional status.Part of the course is also an epidemiological methodology that will enable students to understand epidemiological studies during their performance and evaluation and to correctly interpret their results along with clinical relevance, including a close link to evidence-based medicine.
Learning outcomes
The basic point is a good deal with the general principles of epidemiological studies, which further develops the specific methodological approaches for the evaluation of the various parameters of the diet and nutrition. The specific result of the use of adequate methodological approaches is then the evaluation of the relationship of nutrition to the risk to the most specific groups of diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, osteoporosis, and more, and the ability to define the relevant risk and protective factors according to the current state of knowledge. In the context of mastering the subject we assume knowledge of all the essential theoretical principles, and also practical mastery of the methodology regarding the individual evaluation of nutrition, in particular, within the meaning of anamnestic methods of evaluating the characteristics of the diet, but also the methods of evaluation of nutritional status.
Syllabus
  • 1)Epidemiological methodology - Understanding epidemiologic studies in their implementation and evaluation, including close links with to medicine based on evidence (epidemiological indicators, descriptive studies, case-control study, cohort studies, intervention studies, evaluation of the results of epidemiological studies, screening, basic EBM). 2) Introduction to nutritional epidemiology: what is the nutritional epidemiology and the scope, historical development, and knowledge, the current nutritional epidemiology-overview of the extent, scope and methodology of focus, the current guidelines and objectives. Typical nutritionally-epidemiological problems in history and now. 3) The basic components of nutrition (diet, foods, nutrients, other components of different origin), the sources of variation in animal nutrition. The complexity of the nutrition factors, risk and protective factors. 4) Key features of epidemiological studies: types of their layout (design), methods of exposure assessment, analysis and interpretation of data, the factors of the quality and validity. 5) A comprehensive overview of the possible ways of obtaining information relating to human nutrition. Group and individual nutritional evaluation, focused on the composition of the diet, the anthropometric, laboratory and clinical consequences. Overview of the possible ways of obtaining data on the occurrence of diseases. 6) Dietary assessment: Retrospective methods: Food frequency questionnaire, recall, nutritional habits, preferences, nutritional history, combined and brief methods. Prospective methods: One or more days record. The realistically available nutritional software and its practical use. 7) Anthropometric methods, and the indicators of nutritional status 8) The importance of energy in nutritional epidemiology. Energy intake and expenditure, energy metabolism. The importance of physical activity. Physical activity assessment. 9) Biochemical indicators of nutritional status 10) Alcohol 110) Nutrition and cardiovascular disease 12) Diet and cancer 13) Nutritional epidemiology and dietary guidelines.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • WILLETT, Walter. Nutritional epidemiology. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. ix, 529. ISBN 9780199754038. info
  • WILLETT, Walter. Nutritional epidemiology. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. xiv, 514. ISBN 0195122976. info
Teaching methods
exercises
Assessment methods
writing test
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 15.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Spring 2018, spring 2019, spring 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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