VSNV041p Neuroscience - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
Spring 2017
Extent and Intensity
4/0/0. 6 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
prof. RNDr. Petr Dubový, CSc. (lecturer), MUDr. Ivana Hradilová Svíženská, CSc. (deputy)
prof. PharmDr. Petr Babula, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Markéta Bébarová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Kamil Ďuriš, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Jaromír Gumulec, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. Ing. Oľga Križanová, DrSc. (lecturer)
prof. MUDr. Marie Nováková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Zuzana Nováková, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Omar Šerý, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Šárka Bébarová (assistant)
MUDr. Ilona Klusáková, Ph.D. (assistant)
Mgr. Lea Neumayerová (assistant)
Dana Procházková (assistant)
Lumír Trenčanský (assistant)
MUDr. Víta Žampachová (assistant)
Mgr. Zdenka Žampachová (assistant)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Petr Dubový, CSc.
Department of Physiology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: Mirka Hanousková
Supplier department: Department of Physiology - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Prerequisites (in Czech)
VSFY0321c Physiology I - practice && VSFY0321s Physiology I - seminar && VSAN0333s Anatomy III -sem. && VSAN0333c Anatomy III - p
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Neurosciences course is based on the integration of morphology and function. At the end of the course, students will recall sufficient theoretical knowledge required for physician. Students should be able to understand and explain basic principles of human central and peripheral nervous systems - neuronal communication, perception, movement, learning and memory, motivational systems and emotions. Students will understand neurophysiological mechanisms of behaviour. Knowledge obtained in this course will help students in the future to understand pathophysiology mechanisms and clinical consequences of impairments of the nervous system.
  • Brain and behavior, environment of the neuron. Structural arrangement of the nervous system. Blood-brain barrier, nervous tissue. Neurons as the signaling units of NS. Chemical synapses. Information processing in the NS. Principals of sensation and perception. Visual pathways. Physiological optics, information processing in the retina. Perception of motion, depth, form and color. Pathways of auditory, vestibular, olfactory, and gustatory systems. Auditory and vestibular systems, chemical senses. Somatosensory and viscerosensory pathways. Central representation of the touch. Pain and stress analgesia. Somatomotor pathways. Pathways of the cerebellum and the basal ganglia. Spinal motor reflexes. Eye movements. Posture, locomotion and grasping movements. Motor control in man (clinical findings). Modulatory systems of the brain. Autonomic nervous system. Limbic forebrain and motivation. Emotions. Structure of the cerebral cortex. Arousal mechanisms, sleep. EEG. Learning and memory. Language, functional asymmetry of the hemispheres. Consciousness and attention. Prefrontal cortex. Ontogenic development of the brain, critical periods. Neuronal plasticity and regeneration.
    recommended literature
  • BARRETT, Kim E. Ganong's review of medical physiology. 24th ed. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill, 2012. 752 s. ISBN 9780071780032. info
  • GANONG, William F. Přehled lékařské fyziologie. 20. vyd. Praha: Galén, 2005. xx, 890. ISBN 8072623117. info
    not specified
  • HALL, John E. and Arthur C. GUYTON. Guyton and Hall textbook of medical physiology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders/Elsevier, 2011. xix, 1091. ISBN 9781416045748. info
  • KRÁLÍČEK, Petr. Úvod do speciální neurofyziologie. 3., přeprac. a rozš. vyd. Praha: Galén, 2011. x, 235. ISBN 9788072626182. info
  • JANČÁLEK, Radim and Petr DUBOVÝ. Základy neurověd v zubním lékařství (Basis of Neuroscience for Stomatology). 2nd. Brno: Portál Lékařské fakulty Masarykovy univerzity, 2011. 117 pp. Multimediální podpora výuky klinických a zdravotni. ISSN 1801-6103. info
  • DUBOVÝ, Petr. Struktura a dráhy nervové soustavy člověka (Structure and Pathways of the Human Nervous System). Brno: Vydavatelství MU Brno, 1998. 176 pp. ISBN 80-210-1927-1. info
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
Neuroscience-lecture course is terminated by a written test: the students write answers to 3 questions within a two hours. In the 1st question the emphasis is on neuroanatomical knowledge (grade A-F) and in the 2nd question on neurophysiological knowledge (grade A-F). The 3rd question is integrative and tests the student`s ability to describe the topic from the point of view of neuroanatomy (grade A-F) and neurophysiology (grade A-F) together. To pass the exam, student must obtain at least grade E in each evaluated part of the test.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/spring2017/VSNV041p