ZLBF011p Medical Physics and Informatics - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2019
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Aleš Bourek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Vladan Bernard, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Lenka Forýtková, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Daniel Vlk, CSc. (lecturer)
Marta Vágnerová (assistant)
doc. RNDr. Jiřina Škorpíková, CSc. (alternate examiner)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of high school physics
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of the course students should be able to: to understand the principles of devices used in dental medicine; to recognize possible risks connected with the use of some medical devices (of mechanical, electromagnetic or optical character, ionizing radiation); to accept rules and methods of safe use of this devices - both in patients and in the healthcare professionals; to understand physical principles of some physiological processes and their affection by external physical/environmental conditions (cardiovascular system, respiration, origin of membrane potentials; to understand the main concepts of the biophysics of sensory organs; to understand the main concepts in information theory and namely the healthcare informatics
Learning outcomes
After finishing this course students will:
- understand the principles of devices used in dental medicine, and in limited extent also in general medicine;
- recognize risks connected with the use of some medical devices;
- understand rules and methods of safe use of this devices - both in patients and in the medical staff;
- understand physical principles of some physiological processes and their affection by external physical conditions (cardiovascular system, respiration, origin of membrane potentials;
- understand the main concepts of the biophysics of sensory organs; orientate in the healthcare informatics.
Syllabus
  • Medical physics and informatics. 1. Introduction. Biophysical view on structure of matter. 2. Biological effects of ionising radiation. 3. Thermodynamic principles and entropy. 4. Thermodynamic processes in living organisms. 5. Introduction into molecular biophysics I (subject of study). 6. Biophysics of biomembranes. Bioelectric phenomena. 7. Biophysics of cardiovascular system. 8. Biophysics of respiratory system. 9. Biophysical function of sensory receptors. Biophysics of hearing. 10. Biophysics of vision. 11. Effects of mechanical forces and acoustic fields on the living organisms. 12. Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and non-ionising radiation. 13. Introduction into biocybernetics and modelling. 14. Medical informatics (importance and resources). Physical principles of medical technology. 1. Medicine and technology. Biosignals and their processing. 2. Conventional X-ray imaging methods. 3. Modern tomographic methods (CT, MRI). 4. Radionuclide diagnostics. 5. Methods and instruments for ionising radiation therapy. 6. Measurement and registration of temperature. 7. Optical laboratory instruments. 8. Electrodiagnostic methods. 9. Ultrasound imaging. 10. Ultrasound Doppler and duplex methods. 11. Measurement and registration of mechanical quantities, namely blood pressure measurement. 12. Methods and instruments used in physiotherapy. 13. Modern physical methods in surgery.
Literature
    required literature
  • MORNSTEIN, Vojtěch, Ivo HRAZDIRA and Aleš BOUREK. Lékařská fyzika a informatika : (se zaměřením na zubní lékařství). [1. vydání]. Brno: Neptun, 2007. 352 stran. ISBN 9788086850023. info
Teaching methods
lectures
Assessment methods
The practical exercises in Biophysics are compulsory, missing practicals have to be substituted. The exam has theoretical character but can be done only with the credits gained for practicals. The exam consists of written test consisting of 25 questions and oral part, which can be done only when the number of correctly answered questions is 14 or more. This limit is lowered to 11 in the last exam resit. The oral part consists of 2 questions as a rule. They are chosen from the list which is available in department web page. The examined student has to be able to explain the problems and characterise their possible clinical importance.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 30.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses

Zobrazit další předměty

Teacher's information
http://www.med.muni.cz/biofyz/vlzl.htm
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/autumn2019/ZLBF011p