aBFLT011 Medical Latin

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2018
Extent and Intensity
0/2/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Mgr. Natália Gachallová (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Marie Okáčová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Andrea Salayová (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Veronika Dvořáčková, Ph.D. (assistant)
Mgr. Libor Švanda, Ph.D. (assistant)
PhDr. Jana Vyorálková (assistant)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Natália Gachallová
Language Centre, Faculty of Medicine Division - Faculty Branches of University Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: Mgr. Natália Gachallová
Supplier department: Language Centre, Faculty of Medicine Division - Language Centre
Wed 19. 9. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 26. 9. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 3. 10. 8:00–9:40 A11/234, Wed 10. 10. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 17. 10. 8:00–9:40 A11/114, Wed 24. 10. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 31. 10. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 7. 11. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 14. 11. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 21. 11. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 28. 11. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 5. 12. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 12. 12. 8:00–9:40 A19/231, Wed 19. 12. 8:00–9:40 A19/231
Basic knowledge of Latin will facilitate the study of the subject and may be regarded as a useful component of the educational outfit of students when entering the faculty, though it is no obligatory prerequisite for the acquisition of the subject matter in the introductory phase.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Medical Latin has the character of a preparatory subject whose sense is to facilitate for the students basic orientation in the professional language. The conception of tuition specifies three main tasks: (1) to provide elementary technical vocabulary from the field of anatomy where nouns and adjectives predominate and to provide instruction in the regular nominal inflexion, (2) to introduce to the field of clinical terminology and acquaint with the most frequent lexis of the obstetrics-gynecology medical reports as well as with basics of Latin syntax, (3) to present the theory of word formation on a professional level to students. This is complemented with a getting knowledge of medical prescription Latin, and an informative view of select topics in the theory and history of medical terminology.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students should be able to:
  • recognize and explain grammatical devices and rules relevant for acquisition of Greek-Latin medical terminology;
  • translate expressions from particular field of studies;
  • employ and understand basic medical terminology;
  • recognize the semantic structure of selected anatomical and clinical terms;
  • form compound words applying particular word-formation principles;
  • explain syntactic structure of complex terms.
  • Syllabus
    • MEDICAL LATIN - practice. Syllabus.
    • 1st week: Introduction to the study of the subject: significance and contents of the course, methodological instructions, study literature. Latin alphabet, pronunciation and its practising. Latin in anatomical terminology, Latin in physiotherapy medical reports, Latin in pharmacology. Dictionary entry, how to understand it and how to manage Latin vocabulary. System of Latin and Greek declensions and the paradigm chart.
    • 2nd week: Basic nominal categories number-gender-case. Syntactic relations among constituents of multiple terms (non-agreed attributes, prepositional phrases), word order. Latin nouns of 1st declension.
    • 3rd week: Syntactic relations among constituents of multiple terms (agreed attribute). Latin and Greek nouns and adjectives of 1st declension. Latin ordinal numerals.
    • 4th week: Latin and Greek nouns and adjectives of 2nd declension. Introduction to Latin clinical terminology I. (basic principles, word order, syntax, collocations): basic types of fractures.
    • 5th week: Revision and practising of the study material. Progress test. Introduction into Latin and Greek 3rd declension (consonant-ending roots).
    • 6th week: Latin and Greek nouns of 3rd declension (i-stems). Latin of medical reports: sample from the field of traumatology.
    • 7th week: Latin nouns of 4th and 5th declensions. Select suffixes: diminutive suffixes, derivation of adjectives using suffix -ideus, a, um.
    • 8th week: Revision and practising of study material. Progress test. Latin of medical reports samples from the fields of traumatology and physiotherapy. Introduction to Latin clinical terminology II. : Typology of wounds and injuries.
    • 9th week: Adjectives of 3rd declension (two-termination and one-termination types). Inflection of Adjectives of 3rd declension and agreed attribute with nouns of 1st and 2nd declensions. Derivation of adjectives using suffixes -alis, e; -aris, e; -icus, a, um; eus, a, um. Terms denoting position and orientation of the body parts. Terms denoting extremities.
    • 10th week: Comparison of adjectives (regular, irregular, defective). Comparatives and superlatives in anatomical terminology.
    • 11th week: Word-formation (1): Basic principles of derivation. Productive Latin and Greek prefixes and suffixes. Synonymy and antonymy of prefixes. Polysemy of suffixes.
    • 12th week: Word-formation (2): Basic rules of composition. The most frequently used Latin and Greek word-forming components. Terms for the inflammatory diseases. Diagnoses containing expressions suspicio a suspectus, a, um.
    • 13th week: Word-Formation (3): Latin and Greek word-forming components denoting general terms and names of anatomical structures and body fluids.
    • 14th week: Word-Formation (4): Latin and Greek word-forming components for physiological and pathological processes ongoing in the human body, components denoting different qualities, characteristics and amount and components naming branches of medicine and types of interventions and examinations.
    • 15th week: Frequented diagnoses in the traumatology and physiotherapy. Revision, supplements and practicing of the study material. Final test.
      required literature
    • PRUCKLOVÁ, Renata a Marta SEVEROVÁ. Introduction to Latin and Greek terminology in medicine. 4th, rev. ed. Praha: KLP, 2016. xii, 117. ISBN 9788087773413.
      recommended literature
    • EHRLICH, Ann and Carol L. SCHROEDER. Medical terminology for health professions. 6th ed. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar, Cegage Learning, 2009. xxvi, 582. ISBN 9781418072520. info
    Teaching methods
    lectures and presentations, translation and grammar exercises, drills, homework
    Assessment methods
    Two class tests, which focus on declensions and word-formation, is a prerequisite for admission to the exam. The structure of particular test as well as the methodology of its marking is included among study materials of the subject as a specific document. The exam has a written and oral form. The student is expected to show the knowledge of studied language devices, phenomena and rules necessary for the basic orientation in Greek-Latin medical terminology, particularly in the area of his field of study. The limit for passing the exam test is 60%. Other requirements: regular class attendance, active participation in class, preparation for classes. The maximal number of absences is two. Both absences must to be properly excused (i.e. via the Study Department of the Faculty of Medicine).
    Language of instruction
    Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
    Study Materials
    The course is taught annually.
    Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 30.
    Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
    The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2019, autumn 2020.
    • Enrolment Statistics (autumn 2018, recent)
    • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/autumn2018/aBFLT011