aVLLP0532c Propedeutika II - cvičení

Lékařská fakulta
podzim 2017
Rozsah
0/7/0. 5 kr. Ukončení: z.
Vyučující
MUDr. Ernest Biroš (přednášející)
doc. MUDr. Lubomír Křivan, Ph.D. (přednášející)
MUDr. Luboš Kubíček, Ph.D. (přednášející)
MUDr. Tomáš Novotný, Ph.D. (přednášející)
prof. MUDr. Robert Staffa, Ph.D. (přednášející)
prof. MUDr. Lenka Špinarová, Ph.D., FESC (přednášející)
MUDr. Robert Vlachovský, Ph.D. (přednášející)
MUDr. Václav Žižlavský (přednášející)
MUDr. Irena Andršová, Ph.D. (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Ivan Čapov, CSc. (cvičící)
MUDr. Lukáš Dadák, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Katarína Doležalová (cvičící)
doc. MUDr. Jiří Dolina, Ph.D. (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Petr Gál, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Jiří Hlásenský, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Tomáš Horňák (cvičící)
MUDr. Anna Chaloupka, Ph.D. (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Zdeněk Kala, CSc. (cvičící)
MUDr. Zuzana Komorová (cvičící)
MUDr. Jan Konečný, Ph.D. (cvičící)
doc. MUDr. Milan Kozák, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Radek Kroupa, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Ivo Křikava, Ph.D. (cvičící)
doc. MUDr. Lubomír Křivan, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Andrea Křivanová, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Lenka Kubková (cvičící)
MUDr. Karel Lábr, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Petr Lokaj, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Jan Maláska, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Filip Marek, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Róbert Mazúr (cvičící)
MUDr. Katarína Melajová (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Jaroslav Meluzín, CSc. (cvičící)
MUDr. Roman Miklík, Ph.D. (cvičící)
doc. MUDr. Helena Němcová, CSc. (cvičící)
doc. MUDr. Miroslav Novák, CSc. (cvičící)
MUDr. Petr Novotný (cvičící)
MUDr. Eva Pažourková (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Miroslav Penka, CSc. (cvičící)
doc. MUDr. Petr Piskač, CSc. (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Miroslav Souček, CSc. (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Robert Staffa, Ph.D. (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Lenka Špinarová, Ph.D., FESC (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Vladimír Šrámek, Ph.D. (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. Petr Štourač, Ph.D. (cvičící)
doc. MUDr. Miroslav Tomíška, CSc. (cvičící)
MUDr. Jakub Trizuljak (cvičící)
doc. MUDr. Lenka Veverková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Daniela Žáčková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Jan Žák, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Zdeňka Dvořáková (pomocník)
Jitka Firešová (pomocník)
Eva Kašpárková (pomocník)
Lucie Kučerová (pomocník)
Lea Müllerová (pomocník)
Hana Půčková (pomocník)
Alena Stodůlková (pomocník)
Hana Zemanová (pomocník)
Garance
MUDr. Milan Sepši, Ph.D.
Interní kardiologická klinika - Společná pracoviště s Fakultní nemocnicí Brno - pracoviště medicíny dospělého věku - Lékařská fakulta
Dodavatelské pracoviště: Interní kardiologická klinika - Společná pracoviště s Fakultní nemocnicí Brno - pracoviště medicíny dospělého věku - Lékařská fakulta
Rozvrh seminárních/paralelních skupin
aVLLP0532c/30: Út 9:05–12:00 N01908, Pá 10:45–13:40 N01002
aVLLP0532c/31: Út 10:00–12:55 N04001, Pá 10:45–13:40 N04001
aVLLP0532c/32: Út 9:30–12:25 N15190, Pá 10:45–13:40 N07191
aVLLP0532c/33: St 9:30–12:25 N14190, Čt 7:15–10:10 N01002
aVLLP0532c/34: Čt 13:00–15:55 N07191, Pá 10:45–13:40 N13191a
aVLLP0532c/35: Po 8:55–11:50 N04001, Út 9:30–12:25 N13191a
aVLLP0532c/36: Út 9:30–12:25 N14190, St 8:00–10:55 N07191
Předpoklady
aVLLP0431c Propedeutika I - cvičení && ( aVLAN0222p Anatomie II - přednáška || VSAN0333p Anatomie III - př. ) && ( aVLHE0322c Histologie a embryologie II -c || VSHE0322c Histologie a embryologie II -c )&& ( aVLBC0422c Biochemie II - cvičení || VSBC041c Biochemie II - cvičení )&& aVLFY0422c Fyziologie II - cvičení
Fullfil the prerequisites, examination of anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry.
Omezení zápisu do předmětu
Předmět je určen pouze studentům mateřských oborů.
Mateřské obory/plány
Cíle předmětu
Learning outcomes of the course: the aim is to teach students the basics of the physical examination of patients in surgery and internal medicine.
Výstupy z učení
After completing the subject Propaedeutics the student will be able:
- to take complete patient history
- to perform general physical examination of the patient,
- to perform basic internal, neurological and surgical examination of the patient.
Student will be familiar with basic laboratory and other diagnostic tests.
- to perform and evaluate the ECG
- to recognize basic pathological ECG findings.
- to describe the physiological findings on chest and abdominal X-rays.
He will be familiar with basic surgical instruments together with their use, will be familiar with immobilization technique, with basic technique of sewing, punching, cannulation, preparation, catheterization.
Student will master the theoretical knowledge of these topics in accordance with the results of the Optimed 2 project.
Osnova
  • The student passes 7 hours of practical exercises weekly divided into 2 teaching units, each 3,5 hours. One learning block is internal medicine (former internal propedeutics) supplemented by 3 blocks for anestesiology and 1 block for urology. The second block is surgical (former surgical propedeutics) supplemented by 1 block in pediatric surgery and 1 block in plastic surgery. Internal medicine: teaching takes place at the departments internal medicines 5th semester 1) Overall patients history - practically at bed 2) Clinical examination of the head and neck 3) Clinical examination of the heart 4) Clinical examination of the lungs 5) Clinical examination of the abdomen 6) Clinical examination of limbs 7) Basic neurological examination 8) Anesthesiology 9) urology 10- 15) Repetition and practical exercises, credits 6th semester Topics is always supplemented by specialized examination methods for individual issues 1) Special medical history and physical examination of lung diseases 2) Special medical history and physical examination of heart disease 3) Description of the ecg 4) Special medical history and physical examination of kidney and urinary tract diseases 5) Special medical history and physical examination of gastrointestinal and liver diseases 6) Special medical history and physical examination of endocrine diseases 7) Special medical history and physical examination of haematological diseases 8) Special medical history and physical examination of peripheral arteries and veins 9) Special medical history of rheumatological and immunological diseases 10) Basic clinical and auxiliary examinations of laboratory and imaging methods (X-ray, ultrasound, fibroscopic and some other examinations) 11) anesthesiology 12) anesthesiology 13-15) Repetition and practical exercises, credits Anesthesiology: - providing a breathing path, entering the vascular system (ie a peripheral vein); basic of anesthesia; CPR - the beginning of ACLS (defibrillation, medication, basic algorithm) Surgical part : 5th semester 1. Instruments, equipment of the operating room - devices. 2. Asepsis, antisepsis, disinfection, surgical workplace 3. History and examination ofacute abdomen 4. Surgical procedures - types, indications, preparation, postoperative care. 5. Local and general anesthesia 6. Postoperative complications, shock, ICU 7. Infections - early, urinary, respiratory, abdominal, atb, prevention, tetanus, rabies .... 8. Wounds, healing, treatment, sewing. 9. Personal and medical history and examination of injuries 10. Immobilization techniques - bandages, plasters, orthoses 11. Child Surgery - specifics of pediatrics - FDN 12.-15. Repetition, practical exercises, credits
  • Summer - 6. Semester 1. Accidental surgery - mass disasters, traumaplanes, sorting patients, treating wounds 2. Bleeding, build-up, loss of blood (injury), loss compensation, transfusion. 3. Fractures - division, treatment, healing, 4. Injury of joints, tendons and muscles 5. Burns, frostbite, corrosion, 6. Sculpture - skin sculpture, transplantation, - PLASTICS 7. Parenteral and enteral nutrition, infusion, indoor environment. 8. Oncology - basic terms, classification, ... 9. Drowning, hanging, injuries of el. By current 10. Transplantation 11. Rehabilitation 12.-15. Repetition, practical exercises, credits
Literatura
    povinná literatura
  • CHROBÁK, Ladislav, Thomas GRAL a Jiří KVASNIČKA. Physical examination in internal medicine. 1. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2003. 239 s. ISBN 9788024706177. info
    doporučená literatura
  • Bickley, L. S. BATES´ GUIDE TO PHYSICAL EXAMINATION AND HISTORY TAKING
Záložky
https://is.muni.cz/ln/tag/LF:aVLLP0532c!
Výukové metody
Practicals always has a theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part is devoted to the above-mentioned topic, practical (for which the main emphasis is placed) – at the patient (taking of personal and maedical history , examination of individual organs), basic examination methods (ultrasound , X-ray, laboratory findings, ECG). Practical training (about 50 % of the total volume of teaching) is complemented by a comprehensive range of simulation teaching methods on simulators with varying degrees of fidelity, trainers and virtual patients. Simulation results in subsequent debriefing (feedback to the student). There is also problem-oriented learning in the foreground, where the student is taught by solving the problem presented, as well as team-oriented teaching when small groups of students discuss and choose a solution of the problem. Emphasis is also placed on the development of soft skills, incl. so-called "21st century skills", particularly communication, decision-making skills, critical thinking, crisis communication and teamwork.
Metody hodnocení
The credit is given for an active approach, based on proven ability to examine the patient. The theoretical knowledge required by the lecturer or self-study required is also required. The final evaluation has two parts: 1. Practical, 2. Oral. Practical part contains a written personal history and physical examination of a particular patient, cognition of surgical instruments, bandage of wound. The oral examination part is tested by 2 examiners: 1 internist and 1 surgeon together. Traditional methods are complemented by objective clinical evaluation that verifies clinical knowledge and other skills such as communication, physical examination, performance, performance interpretation, etc. This evaluation method provides students with objective and specific feedback.
Vyučovací jazyk
Angličtina
Informace učitele
1st day the students will come to the clinic's secretary, building J, first floor. The students will bring the white coat, slippers, phonendoscope and interest in the issue! The teaching takes place at the individual departments of the clinic.
Další komentáře
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Nachází se v prerekvizitách jiných předmětů
Předmět je zařazen také v obdobích podzim 2018, podzim 2019, podzim 2020, podzim 2021.