aZLHE0221c Histologie a embryologie I - cvičení

Lékařská fakulta
jaro 2019
Rozsah
0/2/0. 30. 3 kr. Ukončení: z.
Vyučující
MUDr. Ivana Baltasová (cvičící)
prof. MUDr. RNDr. Svatopluk Čech, DrSc. (cvičící)
MUDr. Jana Dumková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
doc. MVDr. Aleš Hampl, CSc. (cvičící)
Mgr. Hana Kotasová, Ph.D. (cvičící)
doc. RNDr. Irena Koutná, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Irena Lauschová, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MVDr. Anna Mac Gillavry Danylevska, Ph.D. (cvičící)
MUDr. Eva Mecová (cvičící)
Anas Rabata, M.Sc., Ph.D. (cvičící)
doc. MUDr. Miroslava Sedláčková, CSc. (cvičící)
MUDr. Veronika Sedláková, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Mgr. Eva Švandová, Ph.D. (cvičící)
doc. RNDr. Petr Vaňhara, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Manlio Vinciguerra, PhD. (cvičící)
Garance
doc. MVDr. Aleš Hampl, CSc.
Ústav histologie a embryologie - Teoretická pracoviště - Lékařská fakulta
Dodavatelské pracoviště: Ústav histologie a embryologie - Teoretická pracoviště - Lékařská fakulta
Rozvrh
Čt 9:00–10:40 F01B1/223
Předpoklady
( aZLAN0131s Anatomie I - seminář || ZLAN0131s Anatomie I - seminář ) && ( aZC011 Zacházení s chemickými látkami || ZC011 Zacházení s chemickými látkami )
Omezení zápisu do předmětu
Předmět je určen pouze studentům mateřských oborů.
Mateřské obory/plány
Cíle předmětu
At the end of the course students should be able to:
1. Describe tissue processing for light and electron microscopy. 2. Understand and explain the structure of a cell, basic structural principles and function of connective tissues, features of epithelial tissue, structure of different types of muscle tissue, structure and function of nervous tissue. 3. Identify tissue types and organs of circulatory, lymphatic and respiratory systems in histologic slides. 4. Characterize microscopic structure of some organs of human body and explain correlations of tissues within organs. 5. Describe gamete development, explain principle of meiosis and regulation of gametogenesis. 6. Define the early embryonic development as well as development of fetal membranes, placenta and umbilical cord. 7. Characterize main phases of prenatal development.
Výstupy z učení
At the end of the course students should be able to:
1. Describe tissue processing for light and electron microscopy.
2. Understand and explain the structure of a cell, basic structural principles and function of connective tissues, features of epithelial tissue, structure of different types of muscle tissue, structure and function of nervous tissue.
3. Identify tissue types and organs of circulatory, lymphatic and respiratory systems in histologic slides.
4. Characterize microscopic structure of some organs of human body and explain correlations of tissues within organs.
5. Describe gamete development, explain principle of meiosis and regulation of gametogenesis.
6. Define the early embryonic development as well as development of fetal membranes, placenta and umbilical cord.
7. Characterize main phases of prenatal development.
Osnova
  • 1. Introduction, organization of practicals, teaching aids. Introduction into histological technique. Overview of tissue processing for light and electron microscopy - explanation and film. Study of hard tissues (bones and teeth). (Explanation and film)
  • 2. Cytology I: The cell nucleus and cell organelles (mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, lysosomes). Aids: Atlas of electron micrographs.
  • 3. Cytology II. Ultrastructure of the cell organelles (peroxisomes, centriole). Cell inclusions. Cell surfaces and intercellular junctions. Aids: Atlas of electron micrographs.
  • 4. General embryology I. Aids: Set of embryological schemes and pictures (I).
  • 5. General embryology II. Aids: Set of embryological schemes and pictures (II).
  • 6. General histology: Use of the light microscope, common faults in microscopy. Results of basic staining methods in histology (HE, HES, AZAN, impregnation). Connective tissue proper. Slides: Funiculus umbilicalis, Esophagus, Posterior segment of the eye, Lien, Aorta.
  • 7. Supporting tissues: cartilage and bone. Histogenesis of the bone tissue (ossification). Slides: Trachea, Auricula, Elastic cartilage, Lamellar bone, Chondrogenic ossification.
  • 8. Covering epithelia. Slides: Ren, vesica fellea, trachea, oesophagus, ureter, palpebra, skin from the finger tip.
  • 9. Glandular epithelium. Slides: Intestinum tenue, gl. parotis, gl. submandibularis.
  • 10. Nerve tissue: neuron, dendrites, neurit and synapses; neuroglia. Slides: Cortex cerebri, Cerebellum, Medulla spinalis, Ganglion spinale, Peripheral nerve, Motor end plate.
  • 11. Muscle tissue. Slides: Apex linguae, intestinum crassum, myokardium. Repetition of tissues.
  • 12. Blood elements: Erythrocytes, leukocytes. Differential white cell count (dWCC). Thrombocytes. Slide: A smear of peripheral blood. Development of blood cells (hematopoiesis) - by teacher´s presentation. Credits.
Literatura
    doporučená literatura
  • VAŇHARA, Petr, Miroslava SEDLÁČKOVÁ, Irena LAUSCHOVÁ, Svatopluk ČECH a Aleš HAMPL. Guide to General Histology and Microscopic Anatomy. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2017. ISBN 978-80-210-8453-7. info
  • MESCHER, Anthony L. Junqueira's basic histology : text and atlas. 13th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2013. xi, 544. ISBN 9781259072321. info
    neurčeno
  • EROSCHENKO, Victor P. a Mariano S. H. di. FIORE. Di Fiore's atlas of histology with functional correlations. 11th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2008. xvii, 532. ISBN 9781608314928. info
Výukové metody
In the course students observe histological slides and electron micrographs in microscopic hall.
Metody hodnocení
Testing of knowledge: Student must prove sufficient level of knowledge by written test examination. Each student completes 4 partial tests during semester. Tests are evaluated by point for correct answer. More than half number of correct answers (points) is evaluated as "Passed". All of these tests must be successful. In case of failure, only 1 resit is possible. There is condition 4 from 4 (ie. 4 P / 4 regular tests) or 4 from 5 (ie. 3 P / 4 regular tests + 1 P / 1 resit). If student does not fulfill this condition, credit test follows in the relevant exam period. This test covers all topics studied during semester. In case of failure in credit test, credit will not be given and student must enroll the course again.
Conditions for obtaining credit: 1. Attendance at all practical exercises (100% participation, all absences must be regularly excused (in IS) and substituted).
2. Successful completion of all tests.
3. Submission of all protocols (correctly completed forms of protocols signed by teacher).
Vyučovací jazyk
Angličtina
Informace učitele
http://www.med.muni.cz/histology/education
Information about HE teaching is available on the Department poster in front of the Microscopic Hall and on the web site http://www.med.muni.cz/histology/education.
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