VLBC0321s Biochemistry I - seminar

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
0/4/0. 7 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Taught in person.
doc. RNDr. Jiří Dostál, CSc. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Jana Gregorová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Michaela Králíková, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
RNDr. Hana Paulová, CSc. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Ondřej Peš, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Jiří Slanina, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
prof. RNDr. Eva Táborská, CSc. (seminar tutor)
doc. RNDr. Josef Tomandl, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Marie Tomandlová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
doc. RNDr. Josef Tomandl, Ph.D.
Department of Biochemistry - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Eva Táborská, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Biochemistry - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Prerequisites (in Czech)
VLBI0222p Biology II-lect. && VLBF011p Biophysics-lect.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to obtain knowledge on essential metabolic processes on the cellular level. Understanding of these proceses is a base for comprihension of metabolism on the tissue and organ level. In the introductory lessons are summarized basic terms from chemistry needed for understanding of body structure a physico-chemical processes occuring in it ((chemical composition of the body, survay of biologically important elements,water, elektrolytes, non-elektrolytes, osmotic pressure, acid-base, redox and precipitation reactions), the following lectures are focused on biochemichal pathways in cells.
Learning outcomes
In the end of the course will students understand the meaning of basic chemical terms (pH, osmolality, electrolyte, buffer, etc.) and apply this knowledge when describing the properties of body fluids.
Describe the role of macro- and microbiogenic elements in the organism
Discusse the properties and function of enzymes
Describes basic catabolic and anabolic pathways of carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism, and their relationships.
Understand the principles of energy production, utilization and deposition at the cellular level.
Explain the function of cell membranes and the principle of compartmentalization at the cellular level and the transport processes on the membrane.
Describe protein synthesis, starting with the replication and transcription, translation and post-translational modifications. Understand the relationship between protein structure and function.
Explain the function of hemoglobin in oxygen transport and maintaining acid-base balance.
Discusses the principles of some diseases at the molecular level.
  • Chemical composition of human body.
  • Water, electrolytes, osmotic pressure, osmolality. pH, buffers. Structure of haemoglobin and its relationship to the function. Hb types in the blood of healthy subjects, HbCO and MetHb, abnormal Hb types. Enzymes - reaction rate, progress curve, the Michaelis plot and Km, enzyme inhibition. Coenzymes, their relationship to vitamins. Membrane structure and assembly. Transport across membranes. Metabolism of glucose: Glycolysis under anaerobic and aerobic conditions and the oxidation of pyruvate. Gluconeogenesis. Glycogenesis and glycogenolysis. Metabolism of proteins. Common features of amino acid conversion. The synthesis of urea. Nitrogen balance. Important reactions in amino acid catabolism. Biosynthesis and desaturation of fatty acids. The sources of essential fatty acids. Metabolism of triacylglycerols. Metabolism of phospholipids. Biosynthesis of eicosanoids. Peroxidation of lipids. The citric acid cycle. The respiratory chain and oxidative phosphorylation. Replication, transcription, proteosynthesis.
    required literature
  • Seminární texty dostupné v IS.
Teaching methods
Course is based on group discusion to the given topics. The outlines of discusion are in the recommended textbook. Complementary materials are available in section Study materials.
Assessment methods
Full attendance in seminars is the principal condition. If any absence, it must be apologized through Department of Study Affairs up to five days. If apology is recorded in Information System, then student is allowed to make up the absence according to teacher's instructions. Four revision tests are written in seminars, semestral limit for credit is 42. If the semestral limit is not fulfilled, student must write the Credit test (limit 14/30). All absences must be made up before writing the credit test. One repetition of the Credit test is approved.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 60.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018, autumn 2019, autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (autumn 2021, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/med/autumn2021/VLBC0321s