BIp027 Anthropology for Teachers

Faculty of Education
Spring 2020
Extent and Intensity
1/2/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Martina Jančová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Martina Jančová, Ph.D.
Department of Biology - Faculty of Education
Contact Person: Mgr. Martina Jančová, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Biology - Faculty of Education
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of this course, students should be able to: - understand and to interpret organism phylogenesis patterns - describe the restructuring of human body since common ancestor of great apes and human - explain the specifics of human organism as well as biological, psychological, cultural and social - understand of human organism as a holistic system - interpret and to illustrate separate periods of human ontogeny - interpret the rules of human growth and development - alert to the dangers of mutagens, teratogens and carcinogens - interpet adaptability and variability of human structure (physical, behavioural, sociocultural) in the past and today.
Learning outcomes
Student: - uses the correct professional anthropological terminology and is able to select concepts, phylogenetic and ontogenetic processes corresponding to the level of primary school pupils - Demonstrates anthropometric measurements of the development and development of the living human body  can use the permanent exhibition of the Anthropos pavilion to teach human phylogeny  defines the laterality of the human body and demonstrates simple examination of the dominance of the motor and sensory organs, identifies the specific needs of left-handed and pupils with crossed laterality - can use knowledge in pedagogical practice on the neurophysiological basis of memory and learning.
Syllabus
  • Lectures:
  • 1. Phylogenesis/ontogenesis concepts, basic relations asserting in anatomic modern human's evolution and in ontogenesis of an individual being. Ernest Haeckel’s basic rule of biogenetics. Outline of H.s.’s phylogenesis – I. 2. Phylogenesis of H.s. – II. Mechanisms asserting in genesis and evolution of species. 3. H.s.’s ontogenesis stages – outline, short characteristics. 4. Prenatal period (gametogenesis, blastogenesis, organogenesis, fertilization, preembryo, embryo). Embryopathy. Mutagens, teratogens, carcinogens. 5. Prenatal period (fetus, fetopathy). 6. Perinatal period. Childbirth - the human specifics. 7. Infant – characteristics – premature, postmature, full term newborns. 8. Infant period, toddler period. 9. Prepubescence. 10. Preadolescence. 11. Adolescence
  • Practical exercises:
  • 1. Hominizitaion, its phases and etaps, the origin of habitual bipedition, presumption of the origin of human walk. 2. Reconstruction of human body during his fylogenesis: the lower limb, pelvis, spine. Examination of leg arch by plantogram and its importance. 3. Reconstruction of human body during his fylogenesis: the upper limb, trunk, head. 4. Specifics of human spine and examination of its structure and flexibility. 5. Evaluations methods of human growth and development. 6. Somatomethry. 7. Sexual behaviour of men in kontext with apes and other animals, his reproductive strategies, advantages and disadvantages. 8. Prenatal development and child growth to 4 years. 9. Puberty, its progress and importance. Changes of human organism in connection with ageing. 10. Lateralite, requirements of left-handed child. Practical examination of lateralite of limbs and sensory organs. 11. Didactics task and its presentation in Pavilon Anthropos. 12. Neurophyziological bases of memorizing and learning.
Literature
    required literature
  • Elektronické studijní materiály k předmětu Individuální vývoj člověka: http://www.sci.muni.cz/anthrop/individualni-vyvoj-cloveka/
  • VANČATA, Václav and Jaroslav MALINA. Panoráma biologické a sociokulturní antropologie 13: Paleoantropologie - přehled fylogeneze člověka a jeho předků. Editor: Jaroslav Malina. Brno (CZ): Nadace Universitas Masarykiana v Brně, nakladatelství a vydavatelství Nauma v Brně, 2003. 212 pp. Modulové učební texty pro studenty antropologie. ISBN 80-210-3049-6. info
    recommended literature
  • Human evolution : processes and adaptations. Edited by Steven J. C. Gaulin. Revised second edition. San Diego, CA: Cognella, 2014. 491 stran. ISBN 9781626613676. info
  • SVOBODA, Jiří. Předkové. Evoluce člověka. 1. vyd. Praha: Academia, 2014. 480 pp. ISBN 978-80-200-2324-7. info
  • Evoluce : příběh člověka. Edited by Alice M. Roberts. Vyd. 1. Praha: Knižní klub, 2012. 256 s. ISBN 9788024235974. info
  • ŠKODA, JIŘÍ - DOULÍK, PAVEL. Psychodidaktika. První. Praha: Grada, 2011. ISBN 978-80-247-3341-8. info
  • LANGMEIER, Miloš. Základy lékařské fyziologie. 1. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2009. 320 s. ISBN 9788024725260. info
  • KITTNAR, Otomar. Fyziologické regulace ve schématech. 1. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2000. 228 s. ISBN 8071697826. info
Teaching methods
The cycle of theoretical lectures. The lectures are supplemented by selected examples of professional video programs. Practical exercises, laboratory protocols, teaching assignments in   pavilion Anthropos
Assessment methods
Evaluation of completion of laboratory protocols, demonstration of the teaching role in Anthropos, oral exam - 1 winning question.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2018, Spring 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2020, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/ped/autumn2020/BIp027