BIp001 Introduction to the Study of Biology

Faculty of Education
Autumn 2017
Extent and Intensity
1/0/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Mgr. Blažena Brabcová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Martina Jančová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Boris Rychnovský, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Robert Vlk, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Blažena Brabcová, Ph.D.
Department of Biology - Faculty of Education
Contact Person: Mgr. Blažena Brabcová, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Biology - Faculty of Education
Tue 7:30–8:15 učebna 4
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is offered to students of any study field.
Course objectives
At the end of the course students should be able to: (1) to work with recommended literature (2) to study systematicly along the syllabus etc. (3) to create basic positive approach to biology as scientific discipline (which naturally makes knowledge fundament for teaching of natural history on a basic school) (4)to understand basic principles of life
  • 1. Basic manifestations of life – general characteristics of living systems
  • 2. Substantial structure of living matter (biochemistry): biogenous elements; sugars and starchs (sacharids), lipids, proteins (incl. enzymes), nukleid acids
  • 3. Dividing of organisms (3 domains resp. 7 kingdoms); prokaryotic organisms (Archaea and Bacteria, incl. Cyanobacteria)
  • 4. Eukaryotic organisms (Chromista, Protozoa, Fungi, Animalia, Plantae), origin of mitochondriae and chloroplasts
  • 5. Cytology – structure of eukaryotic cell; cell wall, cytoplazma, biomembranes, nucleus
  • 6. Membranous organellas a ribosomnes
  • 7. Tubular organellas (cytoskeleton)
  • 8. Cell cycle; reproduction of cells – mitosis and meiosis (+ heritability), chromosomes
  • 9. Transfer of genetic information (molekular genetics); replication, transkription and translation
  • 10. Acellular forms (viruses)
  • 11. Nutrition: autotrophy and heterotrophy, photosynthesis and respiration
  • 12. Relations of organims and their surroundings (environment)
  • 13. Genesis and development of life (on Earth) and contitions of life (in the Space)
  • 14. Fundamentals of taxonomy and systematics
  • Nový přehled biologie. Edited by Stanislav Rosypal. 1. vyd. Praha: Scientia, 2003. 797 s. ISBN 978-80-86960-23-4. info
  • Macháček et al. (2016): Proměny vyšší systematiky eukaryot a její odraz ve středoškolské biologii. Živa 6: 299-301, Academia, Praha.
  • De Duve, Ch. (2002). Life Evolving: Molecules, Mind, and Meaning (1st ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • NEČAS, Oldřich, Augustin SVOBODA, Milan HEJTMÁNEK, Roman JANISCH, Miroslav ČERVINKA, Karel LENHART and Zdeněk KOLÁŘ. Obecná biologie pro lékařské fakulty (General Biology for Medical Faculties). 3. přepracované, v H+H 1. Jinočany: H+H, 2000. 554 pp. ISBN 80-86022-46-3. info
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
Written test - 20 questions (abcd): at least 11 questions must be answered correctly.
Language of instruction
Further Comments
Study Materials

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