BIp001 Introduction to the Study of Biology

Faculty of Education
Autumn 2018
Extent and Intensity
1/0/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Blažena Brabcová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Martina Jančová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Boris Rychnovský, CSc. (lecturer)
Ing. Radovan Smolinský, Ph.D. et Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Robert Vlk, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Supervisor
Mgr. Blažena Brabcová, Ph.D.
Department of Biology - Faculty of Education
Contact Person: Mgr. Blažena Brabcová, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Biology - Faculty of Education
Timetable
Mon 19:00–19:50 učebna 50
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is offered to students of any study field.
Course objectives
At the end of the course students should be able to: (1) to work with recommended literature (2) to study systematicly along the syllabus etc. (3) to create basic positive approach to biology as scientific discipline (which naturally makes knowledge fundament for teaching of natural history on a basic school) (4)to understand basic principles of life
Syllabus
  • 1. Basic manifestations of life – general characteristics of living systems
  • 2. Substantial structure of living matter (biochemistry): biogenous elements; sugars and starchs (sacharids), lipids, proteins (incl. enzymes), nukleid acids
  • 3. Dividing of organisms (3 domains resp. 7 kingdoms); prokaryotic organisms (Archaea and Bacteria, incl. Cyanobacteria)
  • 4. Eukaryotic organisms (Chromista, Protozoa, Fungi, Animalia, Plantae), origin of mitochondriae and chloroplasts
  • 5. Cytology – structure of eukaryotic cell; cell wall, cytoplazma, biomembranes, nucleus
  • 6. Membranous organellas a ribosomnes
  • 7. Tubular organellas (cytoskeleton)
  • 8. Cell cycle; reproduction of cells – mitosis and meiosis (+ heritability), chromosomes
  • 9. Transfer of genetic information (molekular genetics); replication, transkription and translation
  • 10. Acellular forms (viruses)
  • 11. Nutrition: autotrophy and heterotrophy, photosynthesis and respiration
  • 12. Relations of organims and their surroundings (environment)
  • 13. Genesis and development of life (on Earth) and contitions of life (in the Space)
  • 14. Fundamentals of taxonomy and systematics
Literature
  • Nový přehled biologie. Edited by Stanislav Rosypal. 1. vyd. Praha: Scientia, 2003. 797 s. ISBN 978-80-86960-23-4. info
  • De Duve, Ch. (2002). Life Evolving: Molecules, Mind, and Meaning (1st ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Macháček, T., Mikešová, K., Turjanicová, L. & Hampl, V. (2016). Proměny vyšší systematiky eukaryot a její odraz ve středoškolské biologii. Živa, 64(1), 27–30.
  • Macháček et al. (2016): Proměny vyšší systematiky eukaryot a její odraz ve středoškolské biologii. Živa 6: 299-301, Academia, Praha.
  • Kaštovský, J. & Hauer, T. (2017). Sinice a řasy.cz. Dostupné z http://www.sinicearasy.cz/
  • Kaštovský, J. & Juráň, J. (2016). Evoluce sinic a řas v moderním pojetí. Živa, 64(6), CXXXIII–CXXXVI.
  • NEČAS, Oldřich, Augustin SVOBODA, Milan HEJTMÁNEK, Roman JANISCH, Miroslav ČERVINKA, Karel LENHART and Zdeněk KOLÁŘ. Obecná biologie pro lékařské fakulty (General Biology for Medical Faculties). 3. přepracované, v H+H 1. Jinočany: H+H, 2000. 554 pp. ISBN 80-86022-46-3. info
Teaching methods
Lectures.
Assessment methods
Written test - 20 questions (abcd): at least 11 questions must be answered correctly.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2017.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/ped/autumn2018/BIp001

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