PSA_038 Methodology I

Faculty of Arts
Spring 2014
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
PhDr. Martin Jelínek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Helena Klimusová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. PhDr. Tomáš Urbánek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
PhDr. Zdenka Stránská, Ph.D.
Department of Psychology - Faculty of Arts
Supplier department: Department of Psychology - Faculty of Arts
Tue 7:30–9:05 zruseno D22
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Main objectives. Students should understand individual theoretical methodological issues, procedures and methods. One should be able to utilize it within own research practice.
  • 1. Introduction to science. Different ways of acquiring knowledge. Science as subject-matter oriented, systematic, critical, reproducible knowledge. The research in psychology according to the objectives and research designs. Objectives of research in psychology - description, prediction, explanation. Basic concepts - theory, hypothesis, construct, operationalization, variable. Basic research designs - experiment, quasi-experiment, correlation studies. Specific research strategies, longitudinal and cross-sectional research. 2. Measurement in psychology. Indirect measurement of constructs , validity and reliability of instruments. Validity of the research - the validity of statistical procedures, construct validity, external and internal validity . Types of variables according to their role in research. 3. Qualitative and quantitative data, types of scales . Descriptive and inductive statistics. The principle of falsification, hypothesis testing, the null hypothesis in the process of hypothesis testing , type I. and II . errors. 4. The research sample . Population vs sample . The compilation of the sample . Representativeness. Probability vs non-statistical sampling. The sample size . 5. A causal interpretation of relationships, Mill's canons of induction. Experiment versus correlation study. Types of experimental designs according to manipulation with the independent variables. Variants of one-factor and multifactor experiments. Sources of threats to internal validity. 6. Within-subject experiment. Randomization and balancing. Design of control groups and control conditions in psychological research. 7. Within-subject experiment. Effect of condition order, the progressive effect, effect of the transfer. Counter-balancing - complete and partial balancing, reverse balancing, block randomization. 8. Quasi-experimantal design. Design with non-equivalent control group, multiple time series designs. Specifics of threats to internal validity. 9. Correlation studies. Limited conclusions of the correlation studies. Confounding factors in the correlation study - spurious correlation, developmental sequence, missing middle variable, double cause. 10. Research proposal. Structure of the research project - name, theoretical background , research aim and hypotheses, method, discussion, sources.
    recommended literature
  • GOODWIN, C. James. Research in psychology : methods and design. 6th ed. Hoboken: Wiley & Sons, 2010. xxiii, 600. ISBN 9780470522783. info
  • Úvod do metodologie psychologického výzkumu :jak zkoumat lidskou duši. Edited by Ján Ferjenčík - Petr Bakalář. 1. vyd. Praha: Portál, 2000. 255 s. ISBN 80-7178-367-6. info
  • Logika vědeckého bádání. Edited by Karl R. Popper. 1. vyd. Praha: OIKOYMENH, 1997. xliv, 617. ISBN 80-86005-45-3. info
    not specified
  • PUNCH, Keith. Úspěšný návrh výzkumu. Translated by Jan Hendl. Vyd. 1. Praha: Portál, 2008. 230 s. ISBN 9788073674687. info
  • PUNCH, Keith. Základy kvantitativního šetření. Translated by Jan Hendl. Vyd. 1. Praha: Portál, 2008. 150 s. ISBN 9788073673819. info
  • KERLINGER, Fred N. Základy výzkumu chování : pedagogický a psychologický výzkum. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 1972. 705 s. info
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
Part of the evaluation is: 1) completion of homework (to be specified in the IS during the semester). Maximum of 2 points. 2) the submission of theoretical background of the research project (submission deadline April 25) - to be specified in IS. Maximum of 5 points - the student will be admitted to the final test only if they obtain min. 3 points for this task. 3) final test, maximum 20 points. To obtain the colloquium for the course, one has to reach min. 17 points (out of 27 possible for all 3 rated elements).
Language of instruction
Follow-Up Courses
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
General note: Kontrola 25.5.2007 M. Tyrlík.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 1998, Spring 1999, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2015, Spring 2016.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2014, recent)
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