The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
there are 10 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
At the end of the course, the students are able to:
use the light microscope efficiently;
prepare hand sectioned plant material as well as other types of microscopic objects;
document their own observations using a scientific drawings and microphotographs and to describe them;
explain plant structure from cellular to organ level and relate it to the environmental conditions.
Plant cytology: Plant cell structure and function. The nucleus, plastids. Cytoplasm. Membranes, membrane components of plant cell. Chloroplasts - sites of photosynthesis. Movement in cell. The cell surface: cell wall, apoplasmic space. Intercellular junction. Plasmodesms and symplast.
Histology: Types of plant cells and tissues. Simple and complex tissues. Tissue systems: meristems, dermal, water-conducting and ground tissues, their structure and functions.
Organology: Anatomy of flowering plants. Primary structure of vegetative organs - root, stem, leaf. Primary tissues of roots: stele (radial vascular bundle), root cortex, endodermis, rhizodermis. Primary growth of roots, root tip and root cap. Pericycle and production of lateral roots. Root hairs. Primary tissues of stems: primary growth of stems. Terminal bud, shoot tip and leaf primordia. Anatomy of leaf: monofacial and bifacial leaves, mesophyll, epidermis with guard cells, venation. Secondary growth: lateral meristems, vascular and cork cambium. Secondary tissues of stems, heteroxylic and homoxylic secondary xylem. Cork, phelloderm, periderm. Secondary tissues in roots, localization of vascular cambium in root stele and differentiation of primary xylem.
EVERT, Ray Franklin. Esau's plant anatomy : meristems, cells, and tissues of the plant body : their structure, function, and development. 3rd ed. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Interscience, 2006. xx, 601. ISBN 0471738433. info
DICKISON, William C. Integrative plant anatomy. San Diego: Academic Press, 2000. xvii, 533. ISBN 0122151704. info
PROCHÁZKA, Stanislav, Jiří ŠEBÁNEK, Jan GLOSER and Zdeněk SLADKÝ. Morfologie a fyziologie rostlin. (Plant Morphology and Physiology.). Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita, 1998. 242 pp. info
KOUSALOVÁ, Ivana, Marie KUMMEROVÁ and Miroslava VICHERKOVÁ. Praktikum z cytologie a anatomie rostlin. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 1998. 121 s. ISBN 8021019824. info
LUXOVÁ, Marie and Alexander LUX. Anatómia rastlín. Bratislava: PN, 1993. info
PAZOUREK, Jaroslav. Atlas anatomické stavby rostlin. Praha: Karolinum, 1992. info
HUDÁK, J. and A KOL. Biológia rastlín. Bratislava: SPN, 1989. info
BÓZNER, Anton. Cytológia : učebnica pre prírodovedecké fakulty. 1. vyd. Martin: Osveta, 1986. 257 s. info
Practical work using light microscopes Olympus CX-31.
Active participation (preparation of sectioned plant material, its observation and documentation) is checked during the course. At the end of the course students have to be able to describe any of the objects observed - tested in oral or written form. In both cases, successful identification of plant organ and localization of basic structures on the set of 5-10 microphotographs is needed to pass this course.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
Information on the per-term frequency of the course: předmět není výjimečně v období podzim 2009 vypsán.