Bi1060c Plant cytology and anatomy - practical course

Faculty of Science
autumn 2017
Extent and Intensity
0/2/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
RNDr. Milan Baláž, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
doc. RNDr. Vít Gloser, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Josef Hájek, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Peter Váczi, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
RNDr. Štěpán Zezulka, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
doc. RNDr. Marie Kummerová, CSc.
Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: Naděžda Bílá
Supplier department: Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable of Seminar Groups
Bi1060c/01: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Mon 13:00–14:50 A36-209, P. Váczi
Bi1060c/02: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Mon 9:00–10:50 A36-209, V. Gloser
Bi1060c/03: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Thu 10:00–11:50 A36-209, M. Baláž
Bi1060c/04: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Mon 11:00–12:50 A36-209, P. Váczi
Bi1060c/05: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Thu 8:00–9:50 A36-209, Š. Zezulka
Bi1060c/06: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Mon 17:00–18:50 A36-209, Š. Zezulka
Bi1060c/07: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Mon 15:00–16:50 A36-209, P. Váczi
Bi1060c/08: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Thu 12:00–13:50 A36-209, J. Hájek
Bi1060c/09: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Thu 14:00–15:50 A36-209, J. Hájek
Bi1060c/10: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Fri 10:00–11:50 A36-209, P. Váczi
Bi1060c/11: Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Fri 8:00–9:50 A36-209, J. Hájek
Prerequisites (in Czech)
NOW ( Bi1060 Plant cytology and anatomy )
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
there are 10 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
At the end of the course, the students are able to:
use the light microscope efficiently;
prepare hand sectioned plant material as well as other types of microscopic objects;
document their own observations using a scientific drawings and microphotographs and to describe them;
explain plant structure from cellular to organ level and relate it to the environmental conditions.
  • Plant cytology: Plant cell structure and function. The nucleus, plastids. Cytoplasm. Membranes, membrane components of plant cell. Chloroplasts - sites of photosynthesis. Movement in cell. The cell surface: cell wall, apoplasmic space. Intercellular junction. Plasmodesms and symplast.

  • Histology: Types of plant cells and tissues. Simple and complex tissues. Tissue systems: meristems, dermal, water-conducting and ground tissues, their structure and functions.

  • Organology: Anatomy of flowering plants. Primary structure of vegetative organs - root, stem, leaf. Primary tissues of roots: stele (radial vascular bundle), root cortex, endodermis, rhizodermis. Primary growth of roots, root tip and root cap. Pericycle and production of lateral roots. Root hairs. Primary tissues of stems: primary growth of stems. Terminal bud, shoot tip and leaf primordia. Anatomy of leaf: monofacial and bifacial leaves, mesophyll, epidermis with guard cells, venation. Secondary growth: lateral meristems, vascular and cork cambium. Secondary tissues of stems, heteroxylic and homoxylic secondary xylem. Cork, phelloderm, periderm. Secondary tissues in roots, localization of vascular cambium in root stele and differentiation of primary xylem.

  • EVERT, Ray Franklin. Esau's plant anatomy : meristems, cells, and tissues of the plant body : their structure, function, and development. 3rd ed. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Interscience, 2006. xx, 601. ISBN 0471738433. info
  • KOUSALOVÁ, Ivanka, Marie KUMMEROVÁ and Alexander LUX. Terminologický slovník z cytologie a anatomie rostlin. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2001. info
  • DICKISON, William C. Integrative plant anatomy. San Diego: Academic Press, 2000. xvii, 533. ISBN 0122151704. info
  • PROCHÁZKA, Stanislav, Jiří ŠEBÁNEK, Jan GLOSER and Zdeněk SLADKÝ. Morfologie a fyziologie rostlin. (Plant Morphology and Physiology.). Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita, 1998. 242 pp. info
  • KOUSALOVÁ, Ivana, Marie KUMMEROVÁ and Miroslava VICHERKOVÁ. Praktikum z cytologie a anatomie rostlin. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 1998. 121 s. ISBN 8021019824. info
  • LUXOVÁ, Marie and Alexander LUX. Anatómia rastlín. Bratislava: PN, 1993. info
  • PAZOUREK, Jaroslav. Atlas anatomické stavby rostlin. Praha: Karolinum, 1992. info
  • HUDÁK, J. and A KOL. Biológia rastlín. Bratislava: SPN, 1989. info
  • BÓZNER, Anton. Cytológia : učebnica pre prírodovedecké fakulty. 1. vyd. Martin: Osveta, 1986. 257 s. info
Teaching methods
Practical work using light microscopes Olympus CX-31.
Assessment methods
Active participation (preparation of sectioned plant material, its observation and documentation) is checked during the course. At the end of the course students have to be able to describe any of the objects observed - tested in oral or written form. In both cases, successful identification of plant organ and localization of basic structures on the set of 5-10 microphotographs is needed to pass this course.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
Information on the per-term frequency of the course: předmět není výjimečně v období podzim 2009 vypsán.
Teacher's information
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016.
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