Bi6270 Cytogenetics

Faculty of Science
spring 2018
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
doc. RNDr. Petr Kuglík, CSc. (lecturer)
Supervisor
doc. RNDr. Petr Kuglík, CSc.
Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: doc. RNDr. Petr Kuglík, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites
Bi3060 Basic genetics && Bi4020 Molecular biology
Requirements of genetics an molecular biology as one of disciplines of the common part of leaving examination of Biology.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The goal of this course is to provide general knowledge about the role of chromosomes in human genetics and use of cytogenetic techniques to obtain diagnostic information. At the end of the course students should be able to: understand and explain basic aspects of human chromosome biology; use modern molecular cytogenetic techniques and methods; work in the laboratories of clinical and cancer human cytogenetics.
Syllabus
  • 1. History of cytogenetics. Objects, aims and methods of cytogenetics. Instrumental analysis of cytogenetic structures. Light microscopy, phase microscopy, darkfield microscopy, fluorescent microscopy. Cytochemical and histochemical methods. Technical equipment of cytogenetics laboratory. 2. Basic techniques of cytogenetic preparation making. Pretreatment, fixation, maceration, staining, closing of preparations. Paraffin technique, squash methods, spreading methods. 3. Cell cycle and DNA content in eukaryotic cells. 4. Mitosis, meiosis and cell division. 5. Interphase nucleus, chromatin and organization of chromosomes. Relation between structure and function of chromatin. 6. Chromosomal shape, karyotype, idiogram. Banding methods. Q, G, C, R, N-banding. HRT technique. 7. Physical, chemical mutagens and chromosomal damage. 8. Structural chromosomal changes. 9. Origin and significance of chromosomal aberrations. 10. Application of short-term cytogenetics assays for screening of environmental mutagens - chromosomal aberrations, micronucleus test, sister chromatid exchanges. 11. Human cytogenetics. 12. Cytogenetic abnormalities in hematological malignancies and solid tumors. 13. Molecular cytogenetics. Methods and applications of fluorescence in situ hybridization in biological dosimetry and detection of disease-specific chromosomal alterations. Technique of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Spectral karyotyping. Array-CGH.14. An International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature (ISCN).
Literature
  • Kuglík, P.: Základy molekulární cytogenetiky člověka. Skriptum - elektronická forma.IS MU, 2006.
  • Kuglík, P.: Vybrané kapitoly z cytogenetiky. Skriptum, Masarykova univerzita, Brno, 2000.
  • SNUSTAD, D. Peter, Michael J. SIMMONS, Jiřina RELICHOVÁ, Jiří DOŠKAŘ, Jiří FAJKUS, Petr HOŘÍN, Aleš KNOLL, Petr KUGLÍK, Jan ŠMARDA, Jana ŠMARDOVÁ, Renata VESELSKÁ and Boris VYSKOT. Genetika (Principles of Genetics). 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2009. 894 pp. Učebnice. ISBN 978-80-210-4852-2. URL info
  • NUSSBAUM, Robert L., Roderick R. MCINNES, Huntington F. WILLARD, James THOMPSON and Margaret Wilson THOMPSON. Klinická genetika : Thompson & Thompson : 6. vyd. Translated by Petr Goetz. Vyd. 1. Praha: Triton, 2004. 426, lix. ISBN 8072544756. info
  • MICHALOVÁ, Kyra. Úvod do lidské cytogenetiky. Vyd. 1. V Brně: Institut pro další vzdělávání pracovníků ve zdravotnictví v Brně, 1999. 172 s. ISBN 8070132817. info
Teaching methods
lectures
Assessment methods
Written tests on computer. The test consists of 50 questions, 75% of correct answers is needed to pass.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
Teacher's information
http://orion.sci.muni.cz/kgmb/student/6270.htm
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/spring2018/Bi6270

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