PřF:Bi6340 Macro- and community ecology - Course Information
Bi6340 Community ecology and macroecologyFaculty of Science
- Extent and Intensity
- 2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
- prof. RNDr. Milan Chytrý, Ph.D. (lecturer)
- Guaranteed by
- prof. RNDr. Milan Chytrý, Ph.D.
Department of Botany and Zoology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Milan Chytrý, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Botany and Zoology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
- Mon 12:00–13:50 D32/329
- Prerequisites (in Czech)
- Bi5080 Basics of ecology
- Course Enrolment Limitations
- The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
- fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
- there are 7 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
- Course objectives
- Understand basic structures and processes occurring in multi-species assemblages at local, regional and global scales, with focus on variation in species diversity and its causes.
- Learning outcomes
- The student will be able:
- to provide a general description of a community;
- to understand main theories and hypotheses explaining variation in species diversity at local to global scales;
- to select appropriate methods to measure diversity and analyse structure of communities in different ecological contexts;
- 1. Introduction: definition and delimitation of communities, aims of community ecology and macroecology, brief history of the field;
- 2. Community structure: individualistic and organismal concept of community, niche theory and competitive exclusion, assembly rules;
- 3. Measuring diversity: species richness, indices of diversity, equitability and beta diversity;
- 4. Local species richness: relationship between species richness, productivity and disturbance, regional effects on local species richness, species pool;
- 5. Global biodiversity: estimations of the number of species on the Earth, stability vs. increase, mass extinctions and adaptive radiations;
- 6. Current global change of biodiversity: its extent and causes;
- 7. Relationship between number of species and area: theory of the S-A curve;
- 8. Biodiversity of islands: theory of island biogeography and its generalizations;
- 9. Latitudinal and altitudinal biodiversity gradient: hypotheses explaining large tropical biodiversity, altitudinal gradient and mid-domain effect, gradients of habitat heterogeneity;
- 10. Relative abundance distributions: statistical and biological models, species rarity;
- 11. Metacommunities: types of metacommunities, Hubbell's neutral theory;
- 12. Metabolic theory of ecology: relationship between energy and speed of biological processes including evolution and succession;
- 13. Biological invasions: basic terms of invasion ecology, differences in invasibility of large areas or habitats, theory of invasibility, species richness vs. invasibility.
- required literature
- KREBS, Charles J. Ecology :the experimental analysis of distribution and abundance. 5th ed. San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings, 2001. xx, 695 s. ISBN 0-321-04289-1. info
- BEGON, Michael, John L. HARPER and Colin R. TOWNSEND. Ekologie : jedinci, populace a společenstva. Translated by Bronislava Grygová - Barbara Köberleová - Zdeněk Brandl. 1. vyd. Olomouc: Vydavatelství Univerzity Palackého, 1997. xxiv, 949. ISBN 8070676957. info
- Teaching methods
- Assessment methods
- The final written exam comprises 20 questions. When a student answers a question correctly, he/she is awarded a point for it. To pass the test, the student must reach a score of at least 10 points. In case of worsening epidemiological situation, the exam can be oral through a videocall.
- Language of instruction
- Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
- Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
- Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
- Bi4061 Biogeography for Zoologists
- Bi7253 Ecology of birds
- Bi7370 Fundamentals of Ecology
Bi6340 || NOW(Bi6340)
- Bi7680 Animal Population Ecology
- Bi8370 Conservation Biology
- Bi9160 Ichthyology
- Bi4061 Biogeography for Zoologists
- Teacher's information
- In autumn 2020, this lecture will be running online. It is available at the YouTube channel https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLnmHswspozDbTChtvyjGPFTMfInxLU9nM. Online consultations will be realized through MS Teams: https://teams.microsoft.com/dl/launcher/launcher.html?type=meetup-join&deeplinkId=b38dac48-98ca-447f-916e-6806ee16b972&directDl=true&msLaunch=true&enableMobilePage=true&url=%2F_%23%2Fl%2Fmeetup-join%2F19%3Ameeting_OGNkMmNhNzUtODA2Yy00MjcyLTg2ZjctZmIyNGRmMWI4MjY3@thread.v2%2F0%3Fcontext%3D%257b%2522Tid%2522%253a%252211904f23-f0db-4cdc-96f7-390bd55fcee8%2522%252c%2522Oid%2522%253a%2522cc09ce15-79fd-4c40-87da-ba9165cfaf0d%2522%257d%26anon%3Dtrue&suppressPrompt=true
- Enrolment Statistics (recent)
- Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/autumn2020/Bi6340