Bi6760 Entomology

Faculty of Science
Spring 2014
Extent and Intensity
2/2/0. 4 credit(s) (plus 2 credits for an exam). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
prof. RNDr. Jaromír Vaňhara, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Igor Malenovský, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
RNDr. Andrea Špalek Tóthová, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Jaromír Vaňhara, CSc.
Department of Botany and Zoology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Jaromír Vaňhara, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Botany and Zoology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Tue 16:00–17:50 D36/223, Tue 18:00–19:50 D36/223
Prerequisites (in Czech)
Bi1030 Inverteb. phylog. & divers.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Student should be able to understand a basic knowledge concerning structure, function and systematic position of insects. Cuticle and moulting. Segmental plan and modification of appendages. Basic anatomic structures (muscular system, alimentary canal, respiratory system and breathing, circulation of haemolymph, nervous system and sense organs, reproduction). Ontogenetic development.
  • General Entomology 1. Insects in the systems of animals,ideal body organisation scheme (protentomon), origin and history of insects, habitus, size and numbers. 2. Body segmentation,integument a its sclerotization, colouring. Head, head capsule and tentorium, special forms of head. 3. Antennae, mouthparts, special adaptations in mouthparts. Position of mouthparts and a type of head capsule, cervix.uď, její stavba a členění. Vývoj neokřídleného segmentu, vývoj okřídleného segmentu, vnitřní kostra hrudi, velikostní poměr hrudních článků. Hmyzí noha a její vývoj, úpravy praetarsu. Zvláštní případy utváření končetin. 4. Thorax, its structure and segmentation. Development of a wingless segment, development of a winged segment, inner framewoth of thorax, proportion of thoracic segments. Insect leg and its development, organisation of pretarsus. Adaptations in legs. 5. Wing, structure, wing fields and veins. Basal elements of wing, axillary area. Modifications of wings, wing coupling, reduction and polymorphism. Movements of wings, frequency and amplitude of wingbeat, wing folding and resting. 6. Abdomen, structure, segmentation and appendages. Styli and coxal vesicles, cerci and filum terminale Larval abdominal legs. External genital appendages of males and females, ovipositors and their modifications. Sound-producing organs. 7. Excretory organs, glands, secretory cell, cutaneous and salivary glands, sting of Aculeata. Musculuture, physiology of muscular activity. 8. Alimentary canal and its parts, stomodeum, mesenteron, proktodeum, Histology of gut, Physiology of digestion, absorption and nutrition,filter chamber. Food preference and sources of food. Filtrační komora. Příjem potravy a její zdroje. 9. Breathing organs, structure of tracheal system, spiracles, tracheae and tracheoles. Development of tracheal system, number and arrangement of spiracles. Outer and inner breathing, cutaneous respiration. 10. Sinuses and haemolymph, circulatory system, circulation of blood. Fat body, pericardial cells and oenocytes. Luminiscence. 11. Central nervous system, insect brain and ventral chain of segmental ganglia, visceral nervous system, Nerve cell and histology of nerves. Endocrine system. 12. Sense organs, sensory seta, scolopidium. Mechanoreceptors, auditory organs, chemoreceptors, visual organs. Behaviour. 13. Reproductive system of males ans speratogenesis. Reproductive organs of females and oogenesis, sperm transfer. Sexual dimorphism. 14. Embryonal development, cleavage and blastoderm formation, differentiation of blastoderm, embryo segmentation and extraembryonic organes, blastokinesis. Organogenesis, criteria of proper segments and conditions of embryogenesis. 15. Postembryonic development, types of metamorphosis, developmental stages, endopterygote larvae, pupae.
    required literature
  • LAWRENCE J.F., NIELSEN E.S. & MACKERRAS I.M., 1992: 1st chapter: Skeletal Anatomy and Key to Orders. In: NAUMANN I.D., The Insects of Australia. A textbook for students and research workers. Vol. 1. Melbourne Univ. Press., pp. 3-23.
  • CHAPMAN R. F., 1992: 2nd chapter: General Anatomy and Function. In: NAUMANN I.D. (Ed.), The Insects of Australia. A textbook for students and research workers. Vol. 1. Melbourne Univ. Press., pp. 33-67.
  • McGAVIN G.C., 2001: Essential Entomology. University Press, Oxford, 318 pp.
    recommended literature
  • Gullan, P.J.,Cranston, P.S. The insects :an outline of entomology. 4th ed. Oxford : Blackwell Science, 2010. xvi, 470 s. ISBN 0-632-05343-7.
Teaching methods
lecture (2 hours a week)
Assessment methods
Written and oral form of the exam, basic identification of the material.
Language of instruction
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020, Spring 2021, Spring 2022.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2014, recent)
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