C2003 Environmental chemistry

Přírodovědecká fakulta
jaro 2021
Rozsah
2/0/1. 2 kr. (příf plus uk plus > 4). Ukončení: zk.
Vyučující
Aikaterini Kademoglou, PhD. (přednášející)
Lisa Emily Melymuk, Ph.D. (přednášející)
RNDr. Roman Prokeš, Ph.D. (cvičící)
Chiara Maria Vitale, PhD (cvičící)
Ana Maria Miralles Marco, Ph.D. (cvičící)
prof. RNDr. Jana Klánová, Ph.D. (pomocník)
Garance
prof. RNDr. Jana Klánová, Ph.D.
RECETOX - Přírodovědecká fakulta
Kontaktní osoba: Lisa Emily Melymuk, Ph.D.
Dodavatelské pracoviště: RECETOX - Přírodovědecká fakulta
Rozvrh
Po 1. 3. až Pá 14. 5. Út 13:00–14:50 D29/252-RCX1
Omezení zápisu do předmětu
Předmět je otevřen studentům libovolného oboru.
Předmět si smí zapsat nejvýše 20 stud.
Momentální stav registrace a zápisu: zapsáno: 7/20, pouze zareg.: 0/20, pouze zareg. s předností (mateřské obory): 0/20
Cíle předmětu
After this course, students should be able to:
- understand the global environmental problems
- understand relations between the chemical structure of chemical substances, their physical-chemical properties and their fate in the environment
- understand the impact of environment properties on the fate of chemicals
- interpret the environmental fate of chemical substances, their environmental transport, interphase transport, phase equilibria and environmental biotic and abiotic transformation
- characterize properties of environmental compartments (atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere, biosphere) and combine this knowledge with the presence and fate of chemical compounds in these compartments
- understand problems related to pollution of environmental compartments from natural and anthropogenic sources
- describe basic properties of these selected pollutants, their occurrence, sources, long-range transport, and hazards
- describe and discuss legislation and policy of these compounds and international conventions
- describe purposes and principles of the activities focused on screening and monitoring of presence of antropogenic chemicals in the environment
- understand analytical techniques for the sample preparation, clean-up and fractionation
- compare the separation and identification techniques and their applicability for determination of various organic chemicals in the environmental samples
Osnova
  • Chemicals in the environment – definitions, basic approaches.
  • Fate of chemicals in the environment – transport, transformation. Environmental interface and chemical equilibrium. Parameters characterizing the properties of substances and environmental properties.
  • Basic characteristics, problems and environmental chemistry of environmental compartments – atmosphere, soil, sediment, water. Air, water and soil pollution.
  • Environmental transport of chemicals in air, water, soils and biota. Abiotic environmental equilibria (air-water, air-soil, air-biota, deposition, sorption, water-solid phase, leaching, runoff …).
  • Models of environmental distribution of chemicals. Multimedia models.
  • Environmental contamination. Main groups of environmental pollutants (persistent organic pollutants, toxic metals, volatile organic compounds, detergents, phthalates, pesticides) – basic characteristics, sources, and hazards.
  • Environmental monitoring: purpose and principles, international measures and programs. Conceptual approaches in environmental analytical chemistry.
  • Sampling methods for air, atmospheric deposition, water, sediment, soil and biota.
  • • Analytical techniques for the sample extraction, clean-up, fractionation and quantification of the environmental samples.
  • International conventions and activities focused on environmental substances. New approaches in chemistry, green chemistry, sustainable chemistry.
Literatura
  • SCHWARZENBACH, René P., P. M. GSCHWEND a Dieter M. IMBODEN. Environmental organic chemistry. 2nd ed. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Interscience, 2003. xiii, 1313. ISBN 0471357502. info
  • HITES, R. A. Elements of environmental chemistry. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Intersicence, 2007. xiii, 204. ISBN 9780471998150. info
  • BEARD, James M. Environmental chemistry in society. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009. xvii, 345. ISBN 9781420080254. info
Výukové metody
Education is performed as weekly lectures with Powerpoint presentation. Students are asked questions and they are encouraged to disscuss the topics.
Metody hodnocení
Attendance of the lectures is not mandatory but strongly recommended to exploit potential of the interactive approach. Course is evaluated through a written project submitted at the end of the semester and an written examination held during the examination period.
Vyučovací jazyk
Angličtina
Informace učitele
http://www.recetox.muni.cz
http://www.recetox.muni.cz
Další komentáře
Předmět je dovoleno ukončit i mimo zkouškové období.
Předmět je vyučován každý semestr.
www.recetox.muni.cz.
Předmět je zařazen také v obdobích jaro 2011 - akreditace, podzim 2010 - akreditace, podzim 2010, jaro 2011, podzim 2011, jaro 2012, podzim 2011 - akreditace, jaro 2012 - akreditace, podzim 2012, jaro 2013, podzim 2013, jaro 2014, podzim 2014, jaro 2015, podzim 2015, jaro 2016, podzim 2016, jaro 2017, podzim 2017, jaro 2018, podzim 2018, jaro 2019, podzim 2019, jaro 2020, podzim 2020, podzim 2021, jaro 2022.