C5230 Analytical Chemistry

Faculty of Science
Spring 2020
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Viktor Kanický, DrSc. (lecturer)
doc. Mgr. Karel Novotný, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Viktor Kanický, DrSc.
Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Supplier department: Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable
Mon 17. 2. to Fri 15. 5. Mon 14:20–16:10 A12-311
Prerequisites (in Czech)
! C3100 Analytical Chemistry I && ! C4050 Analytical Chemistry II && ! NOWANY ( C3100 Analytical Chemistry I , C4050 Analytical Chemistry II )
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is offered to students of any study field.
Course objectives
The aim of the Analytical Chemistry course is to teach the student of the chemistry study for secondary schools the following analytical methods and procedures, to explain their principles and to show their use in practice: sampling and sample decomposition; analytical reactions and qualitative analysis; gravimetric analysis; acid-base, precipitation, complexometric and redox titrations; potentiometry; pH measurements; conductometric analysis; coulometry; polarography and voltammetry; absorption spectrometry in UV/VIS and IR regions; fluorimetry; atomic absorption spectrometry; atomic emission spectrometry; separation methods; chromatographic methods, electromigration methods; mass spectrometry; organic analysis. Student will be able to explain the principles and fundamentals of analytical chemistry to secondary school students.
Learning outcomes
Upon completing this course, a student of chemistry study for secondary schools understands the following analytical methods and procedures, can explain their principles and knows their use in practice: sampling and sample decomposition; analytical reactions and qualitative analysis; gravimetric analysis; acid-base, precipitation, complexometric and redox titrations; potentiometry; pH measurements; conductometric analysis; coulometry; polarography and voltammetry; absorption spectrometry in UV/VIS and IR regions; fluorimetry; atomic absorption spectrometry; atomic emission spectrometry; separation methods; chromatographic methods, electromigration methods; mass spectrometry; organic analysis. Student will be able to explain the principles and fundamentals of analytical chemistry to secondary school students.
Syllabus
  • 1. Topic and aim of analytical chemistry (ACH), role of ACH amongst science disciplines, analyte, classification of methods of ACH, methods (m.) of determination, separation m., primary m., instrumental m., biochemical m., difference between principles of determination of organic and inorganic analytes, qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis, detection, determination, limit of detection, limit of determination (quantification), range of method applicability, units, expressing of solution composition, expressing of analytical results, general procedure of analysis, rules of sampling of materials, principles of theory of errors, principles of statistical evaluation of analytical results, precision, accuracy, reliability of results. 2. Theoretical background of ACH, inorganic analysis, chemical reactions in solutions, solubility of matter, concentration, ionic strength, activity, thermodynamic and concentration equilibrium constants, definition of acids and bases, protolytic equilibria, dissociation constant of acid / base, complex forming equilibria, stability constant, conditional stability constant, coefficients of secondary reactions, Bjerrum's function, distribution coefficients, dissolution equilibria, reduction-oxidation equilibria, reduction potential, conditional potential, influence of secondary reactions, distribution equilibria, equilibria on ion-exchangers, graphical representation of equilibrium systems in solutions, logarithmic diagram, distribution diagram. 3. Decomposition of samples, wet decomposition by acids and bases, fusion of samples, ashing, theory of solutions and dissolution, characteristics of solvents and dissolved matter, qualitative analysis, preliminary tests, group reactions, selective reactions, specific reactions, proofs of cations, proofs of anions. 4. Gravimetry, precipitation, solubility product, conditional solubility product, influencing of solubility, influence of excess of precipitation agent, influence of complex forming substances, influence of pH, characteristics and types of precipitates (precip.), aging of precip., contamination of precip., filtration of precip., rinsing of precip., drying of precip., types and examples of gravimetric methods, gravimetric factor. 5. Volumetry (titrimetry), principles and classification of volumetric methods, volumetric solutions, preparation of solutions, stoichiometric relations, equivalence point, standardization of solution, acid-base titrations, buffer solutions, calculations of pH of strong and weak acids and bases, pH of hydrolysis of salts, titration exponent pT, pH of buffer solutions, calculation of pH of titration curves, titration of polybasic acids, logarithmic diagrams of acid-base titrations, pH indicators, acidimetry, alkalimetry. 6. Examples of acid-base titrations, standardization of hydroxide solution with oxalic acid, standardization of acid solution with sodium carbonate, determination (det.) of (in-water) insoluble carbonates, det. of acetic acid, det. of boric acid, det. of aminoacids, water temporary (carbonate) hardness, back-titration, det. of ammonia, det. of nitrogen with Kjeldahl method, det. of alkali hydroxide in mixture with carbonate, acid-base titrations in non-aqueous media. 7. Precipitation titrations, argentometric titration, standardization, indication of equivalence point, calculation of titration curve, complex-forming equilibria, central ion, ligand, coordination number, chelates, aci-groups, cyclo-groups, complexometric (chelatometric) titrations, EDTA, Chelaton III, standardization, metalochrome indicators, calculation of titration curve, determination of Mg, Ca, Mg+Ca. 8. Electrode potentials, Nernst's equation, Peters' equation, oxidation-reduction titration, titration curves, indicators of point of equivalence, permanganate titration, standardization, autocatalysis, determination of Fe (III), Fe(II), chemical consumption of oxygen (Mn), iodometry, determination of hydrogen peroxide, biological consumption of oxygen, chromatometry, bromatometry; Introduction into instrumental methods and their classification. 9. Electroanalytical methods, classification by electrode processes, by electrolytic current, by character of electrode reaction, potentiometry, indication and reference electrodes, electrodes of first and second kind, ion-selective electrodes, glass electrode, measurement of potential, saturated calomel electrode, indication electrodes for acid-base, argentometric, chelatometric and redox titrations. 10. Polarography, voltammetry, stripping voltammetry, conductometry, dielectrometry, electrogravimetry, decomposition voltage, overvoltage of hydrogen, coulometry; Optical analytical methods, classification of methods according to interaction of radiation with matter, frequency, wavenumber, wavelength, origin of spectrum, emission, absorption and fluorescence methods, atomic and molecular analytical spectroscopy, spectrophotometry UV/Vis, Bouguer-Lambert-Beer's law, absorbance, absorption curve, calibration function, fluorimetry. 11. Atomic absorption spectrometry, trace analysis of metals, emission flame spectrometry, electric arc and electric spark - atomic emission spectroscopy, plasma spectrometry, x-ray fluorescence analysis, analytical methods for study of structure, vibration (infrared) spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, electron paramagnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, refractometry, polarimetry. 12. Separation methods, extraction, distillation, chromatography, electrophoretic methods, adsorption, absorption, ion exchange, dialysis, electrodialysis, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, extraction of chelates, extraction of ion associates; classification of chromatographic methods; liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, stationary and mobile phases. 13. Adsorption chromatography, partition chromatography, ion exchange chromatography, gel chromatography, column chromatography, planar chromatography, paper and thin-layer chrom.; electrophoresis, zone electrophoresis, isoelectric focusing, isotachophoresis; organic analysis, detection, identification, characterization, constitution analysis, configuration and conformation analysis, general procedure of analysis, physical constants, boiling point, melting point, specific mass, refraction; elementary analysis, structure analysis, sample preparation and treatment, preliminary tests, classes of solubility, proofs of elements. 14. Excursion on the Department of Analytical Chemistry and laboratory of Atomic Spectrochemistry, methods and demonstrations - spectrophotometry UV/Vis, atomic absorption spectrometry, optical emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma, mass spectrometry, liquid chromatography, electrochemical methods.
Literature
  • JANČÁŘ, Luděk and Irena JANČÁROVÁ. Analytická chemie (Analytical Chemistry). první, 2003. MZLU Brno: MZLU Brno, 2003. 195 pp. ISBN 80-7157-647-6. info
  • KLOUDA, Pavel. Moderní analytické metody. 2., upr. a dopl. vyd. Ostrava: Pavel Klouda, 2003. 132 s. ISBN 8086369072. info
  • MAJER, Jaroslav. Analytická chémia : učebnica pre farmaceutické fakulty. 1. vyd. Martin: Osveta [Martin], 1989. 363 s. info
  • VONDRÁK, Dalibor and Jaroslav VULTERIN. Analytická chemie [Vondrák, 1985]. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní nakladatelství technické literatury, 1985. 262 s. info
  • KLOUDA, Pavel. Moderní analytické metody :učebnice základů instrumentálních analytických metod. 1. vyd. Ostrava: Pavel Klouda, 1996. 203 s. ISBN 80-902155-0-5. info
  • HOLZBECHER, Záviš and Jaroslav CHURÁČEK. Analytická chemie [Holzbecher, 1987]. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní nakladatelství technické literatury, 1987. 663 s. info
  • KLOUDA, Pavel. Moderní analytické metody: učebnice základů instrumentálních analytických metod. Ostrava: Klouda Pavel, 1996. info
  • Moderní analytické metody cvičení :cvičebnice - soubor pracovních listů. Edited by Pavel Klouda. 1. vyd. Ostrava: Pavel Klouda, 1996. 128 s. ISBN 80-902155-1-3. info
  • KLOUDA, Pavel. Moderní analytické metody cvičení : cvičebnice - soubor pracovních listů. Ostrava: Klouda Pavel, 1996. info
  • Analytical chemistry : the approved text to the FECS curriculum analytical chemistry. Edited by Robert Kellner. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 1998. xxv, 916. ISBN 3527286101. info
  • Analytical chemistry : a modern approach to analytical science. Edited by Jean-Michel Mermet - Matthias Otto - M. Valcárcel Cases. 2nd ed. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2004. xxviii, 11. ISBN 3527305904. info
  • CHRISTIAN, Gary D. Analytical chemistry. 6th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2003. xix, 828 s. ISBN 0-471-21472-8. info
  • CHRISTIAN, Gary D. Analytical chemistry. 5th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994. 812 s. ISBN 0471305820. info
  • Instrumental analysis. Edited by Gary D. Christian - James E. O'Reilly. 2nd ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1986. xviii, 933. ISBN 0-205-08685-3. info
  • CHRISTIAN, Gary D. Analytical chemistry. 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1980. 643 s. ISBN 0471051810. info
Teaching methods
lectures
Assessment methods
written or oral examination
Language of instruction
Czech
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Autumn 1999, Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2000, Autumn 2001, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019.
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