C6860 Modern Methods of Pollutant Analysis

Faculty of Science
Spring 2010
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Other types of completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Jana Klánová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Jakub Hofman, Ph.D. (alternate examiner)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc.
RECETOX - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Jana Klánová, Ph.D.
Timetable
Mon 11:00–12:50 409-stara KAM1
Prerequisites
C6110 course, Environmental Analytical Chemistry or an equivalent should be passed.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 14 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
At the end of the course, students should be able to: - further develop a concept of the chemical analysis of the environment. - apply knowledge of the environmental chemistry and toxicology for the successful planning of the analytical experiments. - summarize behavior of pollutants in the environmental matrices and their distribution between the phases. - review the surface exchange and phase transfer processes. - distinguish between the presence, availability and activity of the compound in environmental matrices. - analyze the needs and purposes for the chemical analysis. - connect specific scientific question to the most appropriate sampling, separation and identification method. - explore a term of “advanced methods” (new approaches, new techniques, new pollutants, interdisciplinary connections). To compare the groups of “new” pollutants (brominated flame retardants, perfluorinated compounds, chlorinated paraffins, pharmaceuticals) with the legacy pollutants (polychlorinated dioxins and furans) and recognize the analytical challenges. - exploit new sampling (passive), extraction (accelerated solvent extraction, supercritical fluid extraction), separation and identification methods (combination of the high performance separation with the new techniques of the mass spectrometry) in order to meet the new requirements. - transfer knowledge from other fields, connect to bioanalytical and ecotoxicological methods.
Syllabus
  • 1. Application of the environmental chemistry and ecotoxicology for successful planning of field and laboratory experiments 2. Behavior of pollutants in the environmental matrices, their distribution between the phases, surface exchange and phase transfer processes 3. What are we looking for? Presence, availability and activity of organic compounds in the environment 4. New passive techniques for sampling the bioavailable fractions of organic pollutants from the air and water. Equilibrium sampling as a tool for determination of the activity of compounds. 5. Selective methods of extraction (sequential extraction techniques, supercritical fluid, pressurized water extraction) 6. New separation and identification techniques (a combination of the gas chromatography with the high resolution mass spectroscopy (HRMS), high performance liquid chromatography coupled to the mass spectroscopy (LC/MS)). New MS analyzers for determination of specific compounds (Triple quad, Q-trap, Fourier transformation, MALDI) 7. Trace analysis of the legacy pollutants and their metabolites (analytical challenges of the polychlorinated dioxins and furans) 8. New environmental pollutants: brominated flame retardants, perfluorinated compounds, short and medium chain chlorinated paraffins, steroid compounds, pharmaceuticals 9. Bioanalytical methods 10. Interdisciplinary approach (geology, mineralogy, geochemistry, atmospheric chemistry, photochemistry, meteorology, climatology, toxicology, biochemistry, molecular biology) to the interpretation of analytical data
Literature
  • FIFIELD, F. W. and P. J. HAINES. Environmental Analytical Chemistry. (Eds.). London: Blackie Academic & Professional, 1995. ISBN 0-7514-0052-1. info
  • SKOOG, Douglas A. and James J. LEARY. Principles of instrumental analysis. 4th ed. Fort Worth: Saunders College Publishing, 1992. xii, 700 s. ISBN 0-03-023343-7. info
  • BARCELÓ, D. Environmental Analysis. Techniques, Applications and Quality Assurance. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1993. Techniques & Instrumentation Anal. Chem., Vol. 13. ISBN 0-444-89648-1. info
Teaching methods
Course is organized in the weekly lessons.
Assessment methods
oral exam
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2010, recent)
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