F3250 Modern problems in condensed matter physics

Faculty of Science
Autumn 2019
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 1 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc. (lecturer)
prof. Mgr. Dominik Munzar, Dr. (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Zdeněk Bochníček, Dr. (lecturer), Mgr. Petr Klenovský, Ph.D. (deputy)
doc. Mgr. Adam Dubroka, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Jiří Novák, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc.
Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Josef Humlíček, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable
Tue 16:00–17:50 Fs1,01017
Prerequisites
First university year knowledge of physics.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
This course is to sketch several interesting areas of one of the prominent branches of contemporary physics - condensed matter physics will be presented as a dynamical field of study, benefiting from interpenetrating experiment and theory. The results form the basis of numerous technical achievements; however, they also represent fundamental knowledge on quantum behavior of many-particle systems. The prominent role of the condensed matter physics is also documented by the number of Nobel prizes. In fact, the last two decades brought about a half of them for discoveries in condensed matter physics (1985 - quantum Hall effect, 1987 - high-temperature superconductivity, 1991 - theory of liquid crystals and polymers, 1994 - neutron scattering in condensed matter, 1996 - superfluidity in He-3, 1998 - fractional Hall effect, 2000 - information and communication technologies based on semiconductor integrated circuits, 2001 - experimental realisation of Bose-Einstein condensation, 2003 - theoretical work in the theory of superconductivity and superfluidity, 2007 - giant magnetoresistance)
Learning outcomes
After successful passing the course the students should be able to
- list and explain experiments important for last half-century condensed matter physics
- analyse the appropriate fundamental problems in many particles systems from the viewpoint of modern physics
Syllabus
  • Fermi gas in terrestrial physics and astrophysics Two-dimensional electron gas Nanostructures Usual and unusual mechanisms of electrical conduction, quantum Hall effect High-temperature superconductivity and superfluidity in He-3 From quartz to integrated circuit Physical principles of modern memory chips Self-organization mechanisms in condensed systems Photonic crystals Bose-Einstein condensation Colossal magnetoresistivity and other novel magnetic phenomena Large experimental facilities
Literature
  • Podle výběru témat ke zpracování/as recommended by the lecturers, according to the choice of the topics by the students
  • KITTEL, Charles. Úvod do fyziky pevných látek : Introduction to solid state physics (Orig.). 1. vyd. Praha: Academia, 1985. 598 s. info
Teaching methods
The lectures on introductory level will be accompanied to great extent by supplementary imagery.
Assessment methods
A short essay on a theme agreed upon with one of the lecturers will be required to pass the course.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, spring 2012 - acreditation, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, autumn 2017, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2019, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/autumn2019/F3250