F6342 Basics of medical biophysics

Faculty of Science
Spring 2019
Extent and Intensity
2/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable
Mon 18. 2. to Fri 17. 5. Mon 8:00–9:50 F2,02012
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The course presents to the students the principles of devices used in medicine with focus on recognizing possible risks (of mechanical, electromagnetic or optical character, ionizing radiation) connected with the use of these devices. The rules and methods of safe use of these devices is lectured - both at the patients and the healthcare professionals levels. To this end, physical principles of selected physiological processes (cardiovascular system, respiration, origin of membrane potentials) are lectured including the main concepts of the biophysics of sensory organs.
Learning outcomes
The main objective of the course is to provide the students with the ability to
- list and describe physical principles of selected physiological processes including the main concepts of the biophysics of sensory organs
- list and describe the principles of devices used in medicine and to
- apply this knowledge in recognizing possible risks connected with the use of medical devices and in accepting the rules of safe use of these devices.
Syllabus
  • 1. Introduction. Biological effects of ionising radiation.
  • 2. Biophysics of cardiovascular and respiratory system.
  • 3. Biophysical function of sensory receptors. Biophysics of hearing.
  • 4. Biophysics of vision.
  • 5. Effects of mechanical forces and acoustic fields on the living organisms.
  • 6. Conventional X-ray imaging methods.
  • 7. Modern tomographic methods (CT, MRI).
  • 8. Radionuclide diagnostics.
  • 9. Methods and instruments for ionising radiation therapy.
  • 10. Measurement and registration of temperature and pressure.
  • 11. Optical diagnostic instruments.
  • 12. Electrodiagnostic methods.
  • 13. Ultrasound imaging and Doppler methods.
  • 14. Methods and instruments used in physiotherapy, surgery and lithotripsy. Artificial body organs.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • MORNSTEIN, Vojtěch, Ivo HRAZDIRA and Aleš BOUREK. Lékařská fyzika a informatika : (se zaměřením na zubní lékařství). [1. vydání]. Brno: Neptun, 2007. 352 stran. ISBN 9788086850023. info
  • HRAZDIRA, Ivo and Vojtěch MORNSTEIN. Lékařská biofyzika a přístrojová technika. Dotisk 1. vyd. Brno: NEPTUN, 2004. 381 s. ISBN 8090289614. info
    not specified
  • HRAZDIRA, Ivo, Aleš BOUREK and Jiřina ŠKORPÍKOVÁ. Fundamentals of biophysics and medical technology. Edited by Vojtěch Mornstein. 1. vydání. Brno: Masaryk University, 2007. viii, 317. ISBN 9788021042285. info
Teaching methods
lectures
Assessment methods
The exam has theoretical character, is oral and consists of two questions. The examined student has to demonstrate namely knowledge of biophysical interactions of the devices used in medicine.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2019, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/spring2019/F6342