C6320 Chemical Kinetics

Faculty of Science
Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Other types of completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Jiří Sopoušek, CSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Jiří Sopoušek, CSc.
Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites
Passing out the lectures from Physical Chemistry II and III.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 9 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
Formal kinetics (rate equation, rate constant, order of reaction). Determination of the order of reaction (initial rates, integration, fractional lifetimes, isolation). Reaction mechanism and rate laws (molecularity, elementary reactions). Consecutive, parallel and reversible reactions (steady state approximation, rate determining step).Catalysed reactions (homogeneous, enzymatic, heterogeneous). Chain reactions (polymerisation, branched chain). Reaction thermodynamic (Arrhenius equation, collision and transition state theory). Solid state diffusion. Electrode kinetics.
Syllabus
  • 1. Basic definitions: rate of reaction, true rate, rate equation, order of reaction, elementary reaction, molecularity. Determination of reaction order I: initial rare method, time-fraction method, half-life method, mean life-time method. 2. Determination of reaction order II: differential and integral rate equations for 1st and 2nd order reactions, none linear equations, separate method. 3. Reversible reactions: dynamic equilibrium, equilibrium constant, unimolecular and bimolecular reactions, linear and exponential rate equations. 4. Parallel reactions: branched, competitive, independent. Consecutive reactions: steady-state, pre-equilibrium. 5. Catalytic reactions I: Homogeneous catalysis, acid-base catalysis, autocatalysis, enzymatic catalysis, Michalis-Menten equation, and unsteady state kinetics, integral Michaelis-Menten equation, complicated enzymatic reactions (symbolism of Cleland, King-Altman method), inhibition reaction. 6. Catalytic reactions II: heterogeneous catalysts, chemisorption and surface chemisorption, covering a surface, adsorption isotherms (Langmuir, BET, Freundlich, Temkin), uni/bimolecular surface reactions, and product inhibition. 7. Polymer reactions: initiation, propagation, termination, radical reactions, branched reactions, polymerising reaction, burning, explosion. 8. Oscillating reactions: oscillators (Lotka-Volterr, Brusselator, Oregonator), limiting cycle, recurrent equation. Relaxation methods: temperature jump, pressure jump, super-sound, and microwaves. 9. Rate constant temperature dependence I: Arrhenius equation, collision theory, probability factor, Lindemann theory of unimolecular reactions. 10. Rate constant temperature dependence II: surface of potential energy, activated complex, Eyring equation, thermodynamic of reactions. 11. Diffusion. Mass fluxes and diffusion coefficients. 1st and 2nd Fick`s laws. Analytical and numerical solutions of the diffusion equations, boundary constrains. Diffusion in non-ideal systems. 12. Mechanism of electron transfer in homogeneous and heterogeneous media (electrode/solution interface), Marcus theory, overpotential, Butler-Volmer equation, electron transfer coefficient, rate of electrode reaction, heterogeneous rate constant, electrode process coupled with homogeneous chemical reactions (preceding, ECE mechanism, following chemical reaction), evaluation of rate heterogeneous constants by means of common electrochemical methods,
Literature
  • TREINDL, Ľudovít. Chemická kinetika. 2. přeprac. vyd. Bratislava: Slovenské pedagogické nakladateľstvo, 1990. 347 s. ISBN 8008003650. info
  • ATKINS, P. W. Physical chemistry. 6th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. xvi, 1014. ISBN 0198501013. info
Teaching methods
Lectures.
Assessment methods
The student listen the lectures. The oral exam is preferred
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2020, Spring 2021, Spring 2022.