C6320 Chemical Kinetics

Faculty of Science
Spring 2017
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Recommended Type of Completion: zk (examination). Other types of completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Jiří Sopoušek, CSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Jiří Sopoušek, CSc.
Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Supplier department: Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable
Mon 20. 2. to Mon 22. 5. Wed 13:00–14:50 C12/311
Prerequisites
Passing out the lectures from Physical Chemistry II and III.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 19 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
After completing this course, the student should handle problem of solving chemical kinetics and catalysis. Students should be able to independently plan kinetic experiments, analyzed the data and process them into suitable outputs. At the same student gains knowledge about how it works software for simulation of kinetics and how to use them for the purpose of describing the kinetics of chemical reactions.
Syllabus
  • 1. Basic definitions: rate of reaction, true rate, rate equation, order of reaction, elementary reaction, molecularity. Determination of reaction order I: initial rare method, time-fraction method, half-life method, mean life-time method. 2. Determination of reaction order II: differential and integral rate equations for 1st and 2nd order reactions, none linear equations, separate method. 3. Reversible reactions: dynamic equilibrium, equilibrium constant, unimolecular and bimolecular reactions, linear and exponential rate equations. 4. Parallel reactions: branched, competitive, independent. Consecutive reactions: steady-state, pre-equilibrium. 5. Catalytic reactions I: Homogeneous catalysis, acid-base catalysis, autocatalysis, enzymatic catalysis, Michalis-Menten equation, and unsteady state kinetics, integral Michaelis-Menten equation, complicated enzymatic reactions (symbolism of Cleland, King-Altman method), inhibition reaction. 6. Catalytic reactions II: heterogeneous catalysts, chemisorption and surface chemisorption, covering a surface, adsorption isotherms (Langmuir, BET, Freundlich, Temkin), uni/bimolecular surface reactions, and product inhibition. 7. Polymer reactions: initiation, propagation, termination, radical reactions, branched reactions, polymerization reaction, burning, explosion. 8. Oscillating reactions: oscillators (Lotka-Volterr, Brusselator, Oregonator), limiting cycle, recurrent equation. Relaxation methods: temperature jump, pressure jump, ultrasound, and microwaves. 9. Rate constant temperature dependence I: Arrhenius equation, collision theory, probability factor, Lindemann theory of unimolecular reactions. 10. Rate constant temperature dependence II: surface of potential energy, activated complex, Eyring equation, thermodynamic of reactions. 11. Diffusion. Mass fluxes and diffusion coefficients. 1st and 2nd Fick's laws. Analytical and numerical solutions of the diffusion equations, boundary constrains. Diffusion in non-ideal systems. 12. Mechanism of electron transfer in homogeneous and heterogeneous media (electrode/solution interface), Marcus theory, overpotential, Butler-Volmer equation, electron transfer coefficient, rate of electrode reaction, heterogeneous rate constant, electrode process coupled with homogeneous chemical reactions (preceding, ECE mechanism, following chemical reaction), evaluation of rate heterogeneous constants by means of common electrochemical methods,
Literature
    recommended literature
  • ATKINS, P. W. Physical chemistry. 6th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. xvi, 1014. ISBN 0198501013. info
  • MASEL, Richard I. Chemical kinetics and catalysis. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2001. xiii, 952. ISBN 0471241970. info
  • TREINDL, Ľudovít. Chemická kinetika. 2. přeprac. vyd. Bratislava: Slovenské pedagogické nakladateľstvo, 1990. 347 s. ISBN 8008003650. info
Teaching methods
Lectures. Class discussion, individual projects, literature reading.
Assessment methods
Final assessment - oral examination. The condition logon to the exam is successful presentation on the topic of kinetics and catalysis in the seminar C6330. The successful evaluation should demonstrate knowledge of at least 50% of the lectures.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
Information on completion of the course: Podmínkou ke ykoušce je získání zápočtu ze semináře.
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, spring 2018, Spring 2020, Spring 2021, Spring 2022.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2017, recent)
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