CS

PřF:Bi5580 General Ecotoxicology - Course Information

Bi5580 General Ecotoxicology

Faculty of Science
autumn 2017
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Luděk Bláha, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Jiří Novák, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Supervisor
prof. RNDr. Luděk Bláha, Ph.D.
Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX) - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Luděk Bláha, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX) - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable
Mon 18. 9. to Fri 15. 12. Wed 9:00–10:50 A29/252-RCX1
Prerequisites (in Czech)
NOW ( Bi5580c General Ecotoxicology - pr. )
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of the course, students should be able to:;
- describe and understand basic principles of ecotoxicology
- discuss and explain environmental stressors (chemical compounds, physical and biological stressors)
- classify and interpret adverse effects (organisms are understood as receptors of the stress) at different levels and different organisms (bacteria, algae, plants, invertebrates, vertebrates including man)
- explain and use methodological approaches in ecotoxicology
- solve practical problems of the ecotoxicology applications
Syllabus
  • 1 - history and present ecotoxicology frame ecotoxicology - the science of effects of (chemical) stressors on ecosystems and their living parts (organisms); knowledge base of ecotoxicologist; ecotoxicology vs. (human) toxicology; relations and connections between ecotoxicology and other biological and environmental sciences; terminology of toxicology and ecology. retrospective and prospective ecotoxicology; types of ecosystems and ecotoxicology (aquatic and terrestrial ecotoxicology); 2 - chemical compounds in ecosystems environmentally relevant properties of chemical compounds (basic and specific descriptors - partition coefficients, sorption constants, lipophilicity); introduction to principles of study of fate of chemicals in the environment - transport, distribution, transformations; bioconcentrations and bioavailability - specifities of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems; biotic transformations - biodegradation and metabolism of xenobiotics. 3 - biological systems in ecotoxicology exposure-dose-response concept, toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics; acute and chronic toxicity vs. genotoxicity vs. carcinogenicity; biomarkers; hierarchy of biological systems - specifications and effects of (chemical) stressors in different levels. 4 - effects in various levels of the organism subcellular and cellular level - biochemical and molecular modes of toxic action; mutagenicity and genotoxicity; effects on organ level of auto- and heterotrophic organisms; organismal level - health vs. lethality, reproduction and developmental effects; 5 - effects in various levels of trophic chains ecotoxicology of producers - cyanobacteria, algae, plants ecotoxicology of predators - invertebrates, vertebrates, man as a component of ecosystems ecotoxicology of destruents - bacteria, fungi 6 - (chemical) stress in communities and ecosystems properties, structure and functions of ecosystems, spatial and temporal changes, connections and relationships between components of ecosystems, trophy and food chains; effects of chemical stress, responses and recovery in ecosystem level; aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, case studies, indicator of ecosystem health; organic pollution vs. toxicity. 7 - experimental approaches laboratory testing vs. in situ studies vs. biomonitoring; experiments of different complexity - design and principles; standardization, reproducibility, and ecological interpretations; biological factors affecting toxicity (nutrition, sex, annual and life cycles ...) 8 - methods in ecotoxicology (I) - laboratory biotests biotests - hierarchy and batteries of tests - trophic levels; studies of effects and their parametrization - derivation and interpretation of ECx, LCx, LO(A)EL, NO(A)EL values. Methods for aquatic and terrestrial organisms - representatives and examples; multispecies testing - laboratory microcosms. microbial ecotoxicology 9 - metody in ecotoxicology (II) - ecological studies methods of in situ studies - types and selection of organisms and exposures, negative-background localities, mesocosms. biomonitoring - field studies, concept of biological integrity, characteristics and parameterizations of community structure; problems and specifities of bioindicators; 10 - major classes of important contaminants: chemical individuals vs. mixtures and complex samples; industrial and urban pollution; basic characteristics of major classes - sources, fates and effects: inorganic compounds (metals, gases, nutrients - phosphorus, nitrogen); organic pollutants (organic gases, solvents, pesticides, products and byproducts of industrial activities, combustion products). 11 - Applications of ecotoxicology predictive ecotoxicology (principles and characteristics of structure-activity relationship modelling (QSAR) mathematical models for fate and transport of chemicals in the environment and food chains; risk assessment - basic concepts and realization, hazard vs. risk, fate and effects analyses and synthesis - risk evaluation; human vs. ecological risks national and international standards in ecotoxicology, regulatory frame for ecotoxicology, corresponding practical aspects, derivation and interpretation of safety limits or benchmarks.
Literature
  • BLÁHA, Luděk. Podkladové materiály (PDF) k výuce obecné ekotoxikologie (Handout materials (PDF) for lectures from general ecotoxicology). 2005. URL info
  • CALOW, P. Handbook of Ecotoxicology Vol. I and II. London, U.K.: Blackwell Scientific publications, 1993. info
  • HOFFMAN, D.J. and B.A. RATTNER. Handbook of Ecotoxicology. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 1994. info
Teaching methods
Combination of lectures (weekly during whole semester), practical exercises - ecotoxicology tests (block at the end of semester), e-learning materials (within IS.MUNI.CZ), independent seminar project (1x during the semester), continuous check using Questionaires in the IS.MUNI.CZ (3x during the semester).
Assessment methods
Five online tests during the lectures (ROPOTs - Revision, Opinion Poll and Testing) in the is.muni.cz. The student can repeatedly access the ROPOT so 90% success is required for each individual online test. Student must pass 100% of all ROPOTs. In addition, students have to participate in 50% of minitests during the contact lectures (in total 6times during semester) - the results of the minitests are recorded but not evaluated (they are just for practicing purposes). Once per semester, student have to prepare an individual project on given topic (1xA4 written text). Final exam consists of (i) final written test (50% success is required as minimum), (ii) oral examination (2 questions), (iii) assessment of individual assay prepared one day before the examination. In case of doubtful result, activity during the semester is evaluated (minitests, ROPOTs etc).
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2007 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Autumn 2010 - only for the accreditation, Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2018.
  • Enrolment Statistics (autumn 2017, recent)
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