F6550 Structure and evolution of Universe

Faculty of Science
Spring 2021
Extent and Intensity
2/1/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Viktor Votruba, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Lenka Matěchová (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Viktor Votruba, Ph.D.
Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Mikulášek, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites
The ending of courses F1251 and F 2252 - Basis of astronomy 1 and 2 and basic courses of physics is recommended.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is offered to students of any study field.
Course objectives
The main aim of the course is to learn students to understand basic laws of the structure and evolution of the Universe.
Learning outcomes
After successfull passing of the course the students will be able to
- describe the structure of the Universe
- compare the scientific models of the Universe past and future
Syllabus
  • 1) Where is located the centre of the Universe? Evolution of views of Universe and our position in it. Cosequences of homogeniety and isotropy of Universe. Has Universe a fractal structure? The past and future of the expanding Universe. Measurements of distances in the Universe. The Hubble constant, deceleration factor. Newtonian a Einsteinian models of the Universe. Possible fates of the Universe. 3) The Big Bang and what was before and after it. The nature of the Big bang. Povaha velkého třesku. Odkud se vzalo ve vesmíru hélium a proč v něm chybí antihmota. 4) Cosmologic paradoxa of all kind: gravitational, photometric, thermodynamic - thermal death of the Universe. Antropic principle and the concept of the multiversum. 5) Cosmic building elements and CV of the Universe. Relic radiation spill the beans... COBE, WMAP. What is our Universe made of, what is it dark matter, dark energy, quintessence? What the Universe is in for?
Literature
    recommended literature
  • LIDDLE, Andrew R. An introduction to modern cosmology. 2nd ed. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2003. xv, 172. ISBN 0470848359. info
    not specified
  • CARROLL, Bradley W. and Dale A. OSTLIE. An introduction to modern astrophysics. Reading: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1996. xvi, 1327,. ISBN 0-201-54730-9. info
  • MIKULÁŠEK, Zdeněk and Viktor VOTRUBA. Stavba a vývoj vesmíru. 2003. URL info
Teaching methods
2 h classical lectures, exercises, consultations, oral exam
Assessment methods
Oral examination lasting half an hour, before published questions + 1 hour for preparation, all tools are allowed except of tution with examining teacher. Preferentially, bloc examination of 4-5 students together.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught once in two years.
The course is taught: every week.
General note: S.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2004, Spring 2006, Spring 2008, Spring 2010, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2014, Spring 2016.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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